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102 Total Pages 64 Contributing Members

Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation - M.R. Harrington: Correspondence, Cuba, 1915-1922

Help us transcribe "M.R. Harrington: Correspondence, Cuba, 1915-1922” (Box 231, Folder 08) from the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation Records. Mark Raymond, Harrington (1882-1971) was a prominent twentieth-century anthropologist who worked for many anthropological museums including Harvard University’s Peabody Museum, the American Museum of Natural History in New York, the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation (the predecessor to the National Museum of the American Indian or NMAI), Philadelphia’s University Museum, and later, from 1928 until his retirement in 1966, the Southwest Museum in Los Angeles.

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100 Total Pages 61 Contributing Members

Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation - George Pepper: Correspondence, Jan-Feb 1904

Help us transcribe “George Pepper: Correspondence, Jan-Feb 1904” (Box 265, Folder 8) from the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation Records. George Hubbard Pepper (1873-1924) was instrumental in the creation of the Heye Museum collection, later the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation. Pepper, an archaeologist and ethnographer specializing in the study of the American Southwest, led several excavations to Pueblo Bonito in Chaco Canyon with the American Museum of Natural History (Hyde Exploring Expeditions) previous to meeting George Heye in 1904. Well connected within the world of American archaeology, Pepper helped Heye professionalize his museum practices in addition to leading expeditions for the MAI to Ecuador, Mexico, Georgia and the American Southwest. As a co-founder of the American Anthropological Association Pepper’s correspondence includes communications with many prominent collectors, archaeologists and anthropologists of the early 20th century.

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16 Total Pages 42 Contributing Members

Cultural Conservation Narrative Stage: Conserving American Indian Culture: Various

Cultural conservation had been an underlying, if implicit, principle of the Festival of American Folklife since its beginning in 1967. In 1985 the Festival inaugurated a program that explicitly explored the question of cultural conservation from several points of view. The exhibit examined the kinds of contexts in which cultural conservation becomes a necessary concern; it documented efforts on the part of the keepers of tradition themselves to conserve their own culture in the face of a changing social and physical environment; and it explored the efforts of U.S. public cultural institutions to address the problem of cultural conservation. Festival visitors were invited to participate in and comment on the exhibit, the performances by keepers of these valued traditions, and the discussions of various aspects of this important topic. Please view the instructions for transcribing audio collections before beginning. If you can identify the speakers, please do so using the format {SPEAKER NAME= "____" } if you cannot identify the speakers, please simply indicate when a different individual is speaking by inserting the "Speaker 1," "Speaker 2," etc. tags.

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145 Total Pages 54 Contributing Members

National Congress of American Indians (NCAI) records – Bellingham, WA: Correspondence, 1950

Help us transcribe “Bellingham, WA: Correspondence, 1950” (Box 2, Folder 13) from the Records of the National Congress of American Indians. These documents can be found in Series 1: Conventions and Mid-Year Conferences of the NCAI records. NCAI was established in 1944 when close to 80 delegates from 50 tribes and associations in 27 states came together in Denver, Colorado to establish the National Congress of American Indians at the Constitutional Convention. Founded in response to the emerging threat of termination, the founding members stressed the need for unity and cooperation among tribal governments and people for the security and protection of treaty and sovereign rights. The Founders also committed to the betterment of the quality of life of Native people. To this day, protecting these inherent and legal rights remains the primary focus of NCAI.

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107 Total Pages 79 Contributing Members

Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation - Grace Nicholson: Correspondence, William Benson, 1911-1932

Help us transcribe “Grace Nicholson: Correspondence, William Benson, 1911-1932” (Box 262, Folder 6) from the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation Records. William Benson (Pomo) was a renowned basket maker born in Clear Lake, California. William and his wife Mary Knight Benson (Pomo) found artistic and commercial success weaving traditional Pomo baskets. They traveled widely, exhibiting their baskets, and developing relationships with art collectors, such as Grace Nicholson. Grace Nicholson was an art collector dealer who specialized in Native American and Asian arts and crafts. She moved to California following her parents and grandparents death, in 1901 and was soon purchasing Native American baskets and other artifacts in association with Carrol S. Hartman. Nicholson kept extensive diaries and notes on her buying trips through Native American territory, especially of the Karok, Klamath, and Pomo communities. Her notes included Native American legends, folklore, vocabulary, tribal festivals, basket making, the art trade, and living conditions. Native American artists with whom Nicholson established long-term business and personal connections included Pomo basket weaver Mary Benson (1878-1930) and her husband William Benson (1862-1937), as well as Elizabeth Hickox (1875-1947) of the Karuk tribe.

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131 Total Pages 27 Contributing Members

Alice Cunningham Fletcher Papers- Correspondence Box: 2, 1899-1900

Alice Cunningham Fletcher (1838-1923), was an ethnologist and collaborator with the Peabody Museum of Harvard, the Bureau of American Ethnology, and the Bureau of Indian Affairs. A pioneer in a field dominated by men, she was one of the first female ethnologists to conduct fieldwork among the Omaha, Nez Perce, Winnebago and Sioux Indian tribes. Fletcher worked closely with Francis La Flesche, an Omaha Indian and fellow ethnologist with the Bureau of American Ethnology. Because of their close personal and professional relationship, much of their research materials and correspondence are housed together in the National Anthropological Archives.

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82 Total Pages 87 Contributing Members

Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation - Grace Nicholson: Inventories and Clippings, 1928-1968

Help us transcribe “Grace Nicholson: Inventories and Clippings, 1928-1968” (Box 262A, Folder 3) from the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation Records. Grace Nicholson was an art collector dealer who specialized in Native American and Asian arts and crafts. She moved to California following her parents and grandparents death, in 1901 and was soon purchasing Native American baskets and other artifacts in association with Carrol S. Hartman. Nicholson kept extensive diaries and notes on her buying trips through Native American territory, especially of the Karok, Klamath, and Pomo communities. Her notes included Native American legends, folklore, vocabulary, tribal festivals, basket making, the art trade, and living conditions. Native American artists with whom Nicholson established long-term business and personal connections included Pomo basket weaver Mary Benson (1878-1930) and her husband William Benson (1862-1937), as well as Elizabeth Hickox (1875-1947) of the Karuk tribe. Throughout her collecting career, Nicholson maintained a correspondence with George Heye selling and donating collections to the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation from 1916 until her death in 1948. In 1968, Maxwell donated Nicholson's papers and photographs to The Huntington Library and sold Nicholson's collection of baskets made by the Bensons, as well as a large collection of correspondence and myths from William Benson, to the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation, of New York City (now the National Museum of the American Indian, Smithsonian Institution).

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45 Total Pages 17 Contributing Members

William Ockleford Oldman Archive research materials - Sales Register, 1902-1903

Help us transcribe "Sales Register, 1902-1903" from the William Ockleford Oldman Archive research materials! For instructions on how to transcribe this material, please view the project instructions page here . The William Ockleford Oldman Archive research materials are comprised of digital surrogates of the business records of Oldman held by the Museum of New Zealand Te Papa Tongarewa. These records include detailed information about his purchases and sales of objects including names of original sources for objects he acquired and sold. Since this provenance information is critically important to the documentation of NMAI’s collections, NMAI and Te Papa have begun a collaborative research project to make the Oldman materials available to the public for research and scholarship. William Ockleford Oldman (1879 – 1949) was a British collector and dealer of ethnographic art and European arms and armour. His business W.O. Oldman, Ethnographical Specimens, London was active between the late 1890s and 1913. Oldman purchased items from various sources including from auctions, directly from other collectors and dealers and also from many small British museums and historic houses. He held regular auctions to sell items and also reserved items for possible sale to particular private collectors, scholars, and heritage institutions including the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation, NMAI’s predecessor institution. Ethnographic specimens with a provenance to Oldman’s business can now be found in various public institutions around the world including the National Museum of the American Indian.

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107 Total Pages 68 Contributing Members

National Congress of American Indians (NCAI) records – Oklahoma City, OK: Correspondence (Outgoing), 1946

Help us transcribe “Oklahoma City, OK: Correspondence (Outgoing), 1946” (Box 1, Folder 12) from the Records of the National Congress of American Indians. These documents can be found in Series 1: Conventions and Mid-Year Conferences of the NCAI records. NCAI was established in 1944 when close to 80 delegates from 50 tribes and associations in 27 states came together in Denver, Colorado to establish the National Congress of American Indians at the Constitutional Convention. Founded in response to the emerging threat of termination, the founding members stressed the need for unity and cooperation among tribal governments and people for the security and protection of treaty and sovereign rights. The Founders also committed to the betterment of the quality of life of Native people. To this day, protecting these inherent and legal rights remains the primary focus of NCAI.

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124 Total Pages 71 Contributing Members

Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation - George Pepper: Correspondence, Jul-Aug 1904

Help us transcribe “George Pepper: Correspondence, Jul-Aug 1904” (Box 265, Folder 11) from the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation Records. George Hubbard Pepper (1873-1924) was instrumental in the creation of the Heye Museum collection, later the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation. Pepper, an archaeologist and ethnographer specializing in the study of the American Southwest, led several excavations to Pueblo Bonito in Chaco Canyon with the American Museum of Natural History (Hyde Exploring Expeditions) previous to meeting George Heye in 1904. Well connected within the world of American archaeology, Pepper helped Heye professionalize his museum practices in addition to leading expeditions for the MAI to Ecuador, Mexico, Georgia and the American Southwest. As a co-founder of the American Anthropological Association Pepper’s correspondence includes communications with many prominent collectors, archaeologists and anthropologists of the early 20th century.

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