Austria à la Carte lecture recording, Side A, Lisa Chickering and Jeanne Porterfield Collection

Web Video Text Tracks Format (WebVTT)


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Jeanne Porterfield: Now you are, allright, how is that for level? Is that too loud for the level? Perfect? OK. Well, well, I don't particularly care about it. No, I won't say who it is. That's the other one. That side. You're the man.

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You might say an interest in the world of travel. We lived near each other in Chicago, and I remember one time somebody said that China was right under you. In fact, I also remember that we immediately proceeded to dig up the back yard in search of it. Well, now, needless to say, China wasn't reached that time. Although some years later it was, only not via the back yard.

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Lisa being a singer, had a singing engagement in Paris, and asked me if I'd like to go along. Well, the answer was yes, as I had always wanted to go to Europe.
Lisa Chickering : Me too, except when I got there, of all things that could possibly happen to anyone, my job fell through.

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Jeanne Porterfield: You've never seen a more dejected person than Lisa. Her first thought was to turn around and go right back home, but my thought, now that I had finally gotten there, was to stay awhile.

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Lisa Chickering : Then Jeanne had a brilliant idea. She thought it was very silly for me to go home so soon, and being an actress, she decided that although the role might not be easy, she would act as my manager and try to get me work. Well, I certainly didn't think she could, and you know, I really don't think she did either, but she did.

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Lisa Chickering : And before long, engagements were all over Europe and finally, all around the world. And all this time the cameras were going at at fast and furious pace. Everything was photographed, from the Eiffel Tower to wild monkeys in India to chop suey in China.

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Lisa Chickering : You know there never was time to check to see if Chicago really were under China. Then arriving back into the United States, which turned out to be three years later, we found that we had more interesting film than anything else, and that's when we decided to go back and make a picture just one of the many countries. [[??]]

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Jeanne Porterfield: --Austria. Now in case you're wondering how two people are going to narrate one film that's easily solved, I'm leaving.

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Lisa Chickering : But she'll be back to take you on the second half of the trip. And now if your bags are packed and your pockets full, we'll start.

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But first, just a word about Austria. As you know it was once the most rich, powerful empire, encompassing almost 116,000 square miles. Now it shrunk to a size smaller than the state of Maine.

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But still, the warm spirit of its 7 million people has remained as expansive as ever. Austria lies in Central Europe, it is surrounded by 6 countries.

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To the west is Switzerland, to the north Germany, Czechoslovakia, to the east lies Hungary, and in the south Yugoslavia and Italy. And it's divided into 9 provinces, which are very similar to our states.

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Rather than say any more about Austria, I think the Austrians themselves best sum it up. They hope heaven will be just like Austria. Well now if we can have the lights please. We'll see just how heavenly Austria is.

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Lisa Chickering : The day we left New York for Austria we both felt great anticipation crossing the field of the waiting plane.

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Lisa Chickering : But this we didn't anticipate, now just what does one do at a time like this?

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Lisa Chickering : Luckily a man from the airline rushed in and gallantly helped picked up all the odd assortment of things we women are guilty of carrying.

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Lisa Chickering : And miraculously we got them all back in that little bag. I'm afraid we delayed the flight a bit though in being the last ones on, stumbled up the stairs as quickly as possible.

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Lisa Chickering : We thought we were traveling light, but it's all Jeanne could do to get up the stairs at all with just what she was carrying. Good thing there's a railing there to catch her.

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Lisa Chickering : At last! Safely in. There's a way, and we're away.

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Lisa Chickering : Our competent pilot jettisoned us smoothly over the clouds, and before we knew it, we were in Frankfurt, Germany; a mere eight hours later. None the worse for wear, and ready to go on up north to Wolfsburg to pick up our car to take us on to Austria.

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Lisa Chickering : Wolfsburg is a modern thriving town where the world-popular Volkswagon is made. In fact, the entire reason for the livelihood of the town is the manufacturing of the little car. [[Laughter]]

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Lisa Chickering : In the mile-long factory, that's the long brown building in the distance, they turn out over 3,000 cars a day, and it's here we picked up our shiny red wagon, which was to be a faithful companion on the ensuing journey.

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Lisa Chickering : The population of the town is 60,000 and over 30,000 are employed here at the plant, which is quite a percentage. Their high wages have made Wolfsburg one of the most prosperous young towns in Germany. And, from the looks of the employees' parking lot, you can see they believe in the product they manufacture.

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Lisa Chickering : Don't you wonder how they manage to find their own car? [[Laughter]]

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Lisa Chickering : Just five miles east of the bustling town is the bleak, forbidding border between East and West Germany; armed guards are on either side, although you can't see them on the eastern side as they stay well-hidden from sight in dugouts.

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Lisa Chickering : It's hard to realize that this was once the busy main road to Liechtenstein, now overgrown and deserted. [[Silence]]

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Lisa Chickering : It's amazing what a change there can be in so short a distance: back in Wolfsburg, everything is new, shining and modern. The public buildings, schools, and churches all reflect the West, and progress.

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Lisa Chickering : The apartment buildings are colorfully decorated, and there's even an apartment building for the unmarried Volkswagen employees called the Bachelor House. And this bachelor must be trying to attract a wife: quite a new technique, glancing the sun off a mirror!

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{Unknown speaker 1] The only thing that has any age here is the old 14th century Castle Wolfsburg from which the town derives its name. It was owned by one family for over 500 years, but since the war it has become a home for the little refugee children from East Germany.

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On Sundays families gather in their gardens and spend typical weekend days. They're proud to say how there are more children and cars in Wolfsburg than any other town in Europe for its size, and here naturally even the children have Volkswagens

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Some might even be candy-coated.

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Soon we rent our own little red wagon: slightly larger though, and it was a happy day when it carried us across the border into Austria.

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We headed right for Vienna, following the Danube, along one of its most scenic and legendary portion called the Wachau. The sleepy river village of Dürnstein gets its name from the castle ruins above the town, where Richard the Lionhearted was imprisoned when returning home from the Crusades.

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And springtime richly patterns the fields with scarlet poppies.

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Danube steamers leisurely make excursions up and down the romantic river stopping all along the way of the towns and villages. And gaily decorated little boats line the banks of Melk, the most important town of this region because of its majestic abbey, the largest of its kind in the world.

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The end of spring in Melk brings us Sommenfest [[?]], the festival to welcome in summer, and on the mountaintops along the river fires are built, figures are burned and the sight and sound of fireworks fill the last night of spring.

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You might say this little figure's literally blowing his top over it all!

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What a grand prelude these fireworks are; not only the summer, but also, Vienna. For Vienna is not just the name of a city: it's joy, gaiety, way of life.

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Vienna the Danube. Johann Strauss and his waltzing woods. Its fabulous variety of entertainment that brought visitors to it from all parts of the world throughout the century.

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Lisa Chickering : It's the home of artists, poets, writers and above all, some of the worlds greatest music was born here. Beethoven, who lived here, found his source of inspiration in its creative atmosphere. Vienna what you might call then concert stage and the pleasure stage of the world.

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Lisa Chickering : This is Helana, a young music student of typical Viennese beauty, she is copying down the musical event she wants to hear performed during the festival weeks. And these colorful kiosks all over town announce the very programs being presented such as operas, symphonies, oratorials, and chamber works.

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Lisa Chickering : Going through the Rose Laden Folks Garden, the oldest park in Vienna, Helana is on her way to the Music Academy. And she's a very serious piano student.

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Lisa Chickering : She passes the Votive Church built in gratitude for the preservation of the life of the Emperor Frantz Joseph. In 1853, on this very spot, an assassin attempted to take the life of the young monarch but luckily failed.

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Lisa Chickering : Entering the same music academy, Helana hoped she too will become as fine an artist as many of it produced. Some afternoons she goes out to study music in the quiet gardens of the magnificent Schonbrunn Palace.

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Lisa Chickering : It was mainly the creation of empress Maria Theresa during the 18th century and was her favorite summer residence. The mellow color of its exteriors even called Maria Theresa yellow.

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Lisa Chickering : And many famous persons that just through the past lived in this Versailles Vienna. Maria Antoinette was born here, Napoleon occupied its royal rooms, his ill faithed son the Duke of Reichstadt died here, and the most beloved of the ruling monarchs emperor Frantz Joseph was born and died here.

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Lisa Chickering : The Palace derived its name, Schonbrunn, meaning "beautiful fountain" from those found throughout the grounds. And musical history was made here too when little 5-year-old Mozart amazed the court with his virtuosity in playing the harpsichord. After his performance, he tripped and fell down and young Maria Antoinette helped him up.

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Lisa Chickering : He thanked her saying, "I will marry you." She no doubt wished he had instead of losing her head to a Frenchman.

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Lisa Chickering : Across the city, Helena suggested we meet to take a carriage ride, by the famed Opera House, adorned with festival flags — and this is where all Vienna met in November 1955 when its doors reopened.

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Destroyed by the last war, the work and spirit of the people rebuilt it as it stood before. A decade of foreign occupation had ceased, and with the performance of Beethoven's "Fidelio" that memorable night, Vienna came back to life!

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Lisa Chickering : All ready now in the carriage, and our cheery little driver doffs his hat as we leave for the Ringstrasse.

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Franz Joseph converted the original city walls which circled old Vienna into this beautiful boulevard, lined with many gardens and important public buildings — such as Parliament, fronted by an impressive statue of Athena.

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The art history museum houses many priceless works of art, and the statue of Maria Theresa overlooks the museum. With all the pressing affairs of state during her 40-year reign, she had 16 children! And present day mothers think they're busy!? [[LAUGHTER]]

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The Karlskirche, one of the leading churches, is considered the finest example of Baroque art in Europe. It's the masterpiece of the architect Fischer von Erlach, whose name one finds throughout the country.

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And right next door is the house where the composer Franz Schubert lived. And here, he composed some of his loveliest songs.

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Our driver, whose name was Wilhelm Walter von [[Achuber ?]] (we called him Willie), delighted in pointing out the beauty of the Viennese architecture as we rode around.

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And coming into the busy Albertinaplatz, the first thing one sees is the Café Mozart, where everyone gathers for a snack. Well, being ready for one ourselves, we headed for the garden restaurant in the Stadtpark for concerts of company--

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Jeanne Porterfield: When we arrived there, the wonderful summer day combined with the gaiety of the music, had captured everyone's fancy! [[Laughter]] Especially, this tiny budding conductor.[[Laughter]]

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Jeanne Porterfield: The pastry tray, a Viennese specialty, was brought to us laden with sachertorte, [[??]] mit Schlagsahne [[??]] and cakes with whipped cream. Well, if any of you are diet-conscious, this is the time to close your eyes!

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Jeanne Porterfield: I didn't, and have been on a diet ever since. In the meantime while Willie waited for us, he gave his horses their form of pastry too. Only wouldn't you say it's served in a slightly different manner?

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Jeanne Porterfield: And no pastry's complete without another Viennese specialty: their coffee, mit Schlagsahne [[??]], of course. Vienna introduced coffee to the Western world, having gotten it from the Turks, during one of their sieges on the city, and the popular coffee houses we find everywhere originated here too.

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Jeanne Porterfield: Well, if our horses keep this up much longer they may have to go on a diet too, as does everyone who goes to Vienna.

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Jeanne Porterfield: And so, the band [[??]] plays on and so does the little conductor! Notice here his feelings for the waltz; he just might be a future Strauss.

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Jeanne Porterfield: We were on our way again to see the statues of the great composers who lived in Vienna: Mozart, a unique, prolific composer when he died a pauper in Vienna. Haydn, who laid the foundation for the modern symphony, and Brahms, the godfather of many modern composers. The mighty Beethoven. Schubert, the "Prince of Songs," writing over 600. Bruckner [[??]] the great organist, famed for his symphonies, and Vienna isn't complete without Johann Strauss, who set the entire world "a-waltzing"

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[Lisa Chickering] The theater plays a very important part in the life of Vienna, too. And the Bourg Theatre begun in 1776 by Joseph II was made famous for its grandeur of tragic drama. Seats were handed down through the generations from one courtier to another like family jewels.

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You know, traffic seems to be the same just about everywhere, but in Vienna? It's one man's joy. He's known and loved as "The Happy Policeman." Smiling and waving at everyone, he has become a symbol of their lightheartedness. His ambition is to always be at this corner on the ring and to have a pretty Viennese wife. I think our ambition is just to have a few more policemen like him over here.

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Across the Heldenplatz, meaning "Heroes' Square," you can see the radhaus, or courthouse, with its gothic towers. And going to the Michaeler Rotunda, where the Hofburg is located, we pass under the beautiful wrought-iron Michaeler Gate. The Hofburg is the imperial palace and was a favorite residence of the Habsburg Emperors from 1282 right down to 1918. And today, the royal apartments are used by the president of Austria.

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Also, the imperious Spanish Riding School is here, and it's a common sight to see the famed horses crossing the busy street to go into their arena. The magnificent hall is another example of architect Fischer von Erlach's artistry.

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For over 200 years, these majestic horses have classically demonstrated the traditional highest pool of equitation. The skill of horse and rider blend as one in a harmony of movement. Their intricate steps, paces, and jumps are executed with flawless ease and grace.

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Their breeding farm is in the village of Piber, about 140 miles south of Vienna, and here they're raised and trained. The Lipazzaner horses, as they are also called, were first bred in Lipica, a village near Trieste, which was then a part of Austria. 1508, they're three-quarters Spanish stock and one-quarter Arabic, and they're snow white most interesting when you realize they're born black. The mares with their foals are found grazing in the low meadows and here you can see the babies with the first hint of white breaking through their dark coats.

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Jeanne Porterfield: While high up on the isolated mountain slopes the young stallions, color still changing, roam. Their performing life was certainly a long one. Starting at the age of four and reaching their peak of perfection in their middle thirties.

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Jeanne Porterfield: Back in Vienna, the lights of the crystal chandeliers come up and the regal performance commences.

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[Music playing]

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Jeanne Porterfield: Another form of entertainment is the Riesenrad or Farris Wheel. Here Helena like to go with her beau Heindrick on her day away from the piano. The amusement parks is the large area of the Volksgarten, which was originally the hunting grounds of the Royalty, but since being open to the public by Joseph the II, its has become a favorite recreation place for the Vienese. Incidentally, since this day, we got a letter from Helena saying that she and Heinrick are happily married.

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Jeanne Porterfield: The giant wheel, said to be the largest in the world. Those little red cars hold 30 people. Lifts crowds 24 stories up into the sky. That leisurely takes a quarter of an hour to circle around, giving one plenty of time to enjoy the panorama of the city below. It's little wonder that Vienna has through the centuries been like a magnet, [music playing] attracting the learned, pleasure-seeking, and creative people of the world. There are few cities as rich and with a fabulous history and so filled with noble names. Its story is timeless with its culture touching all shores, and its music filling all hearts.

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[music playing]

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[[waltz music]]

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Jeanne Porterfield: Vienna's not complete without the beloved choir boys, so we headed for their summer retreat far off the beaten track in a beautiful valley of the east Tirol to the tiny hamlet of Hinterbichl. They have their own hotel here for the lucky tourists who manage to find it called the Wiener Sängerknaben, which means 'Vienna Choir Boys', and can you imagine more of a utopia? A room, three meals, plus being able to hear the boys sing in this setting — all for three dollars a day — for two ! [[pause for gasps]]

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They start their day bright and early with exercises - there are three different groups of choir boys and in the summer they rotate, so that two are here while one remains in Vienna.

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After breakfast their Choirmaster, Professor Grossman, works with one the groups. The 'choir boys' are one of the oldest musical institutions of Vienna — founded by Maximilian I in 1498. And aside from short disbandments during the World Wars, they've been going ever since. They range in age from 8 to 14 and are chosen from all parts of the country, and more for their innate musical sense and good ear, than just good voices.

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Now the second group is rehearsing with a young director who was trained by Professor Grossman - and these are the very boys who toured here in the United States. Here they're practicing an old Austrian hunting song:

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[[recording plays of choir boys singing]]

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Lisa Chickering : Work is over and now, as all boys, they're anxious to play.

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Yearly the boys appear in concerts throughout the world — and in Vienna, along with their traditional singing Sunday Mass at the Hofburg Chapel, they perform at the state opera, in films, at festive occasions, and they're certainly a cherished part of the Viennese musical life.

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After lunch, they hike up a mountain path to a clearing for more games and play.

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They're always under the watchful eye or, as here, on the shoulders of older boys who were once choir boys themselves.

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Many have gone on to great positions in the musical world and have become famous conductors and composers — such as Haydn, Schubert, and Bruckner, just to name a few.

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Well here, I'm afraid, it looks like they're getting ready for their American tour. [[LAUGHTER]]

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It's a sad day when their voices change and [[they]] can no longer be a member of the celebrated group — but they're not dismissed, but instead can remain for as many years as they had spent singing.

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They do chores — such as giving a muchly needed bath to the car, take care of the younger boys, and help run the hotel — aside from being able to pursue their studies and complete their higher education.

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The performing choir boys' only duty in the summer is to sing, rest, and play. Or, as here, wander off to explore the beautiful countryside.

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Little Hans' watch must say it's time for their talk with Professor Grossman, who gives several hours a day to individual instruction. So off they go to meet him.

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Professor Grossman not only wants them to know the music, but also to understand it's spiritual meaning, so tells them the biblical stories connected with it.

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Hereto, he's going over their parts of Schubert's Serenade.

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Lisa Chickering : Twice a week in the evenings the little boys in their familiar sailor suits perform for the guests of the hotel. With crystal clear voices and lively charm, they've won the hearts of music lovers everywhere.

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Near the choir boys — in the province of Carinthia — is the wonderfully picturesque village of Heiligenblut with the dazzling white Grossglockner, Austria's highest mountain towering above it.

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Heiligenblut is where [[Friedel Dami ?]], Austria's leading mountain climbing guide lives, but in the summer he's up at the Franz-Josef-Haus where the actual climbing of the mountain begins.

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We started up the Grossglockner highway in search of Herr [[Dami ?]] — and it's one of the most famous mountain roads in Europe, considered an engineering feat.

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High up at the very top, we found the one hotel: the Franz-Josef-Haus. It's perched boldly on a rocky ledge and dramatically overlooks the Pasterze Glacier.

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Here, too, we found Dami, who started telling us the wonders of climbing the Grossglockner. We explained we had only come to take pictures of him, but this to the famous climber seemed impossible to believe, and before we knew it, he was showing us all the equipment we would be using on the climb. Although we both assured him we would not be needing it.

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Undaunted, he asked when he could bring us the proper clothes for the climb. Again, we told him that mountain climbing was the last thing that either of us would ever attempt, so we would never, never get into such clothes.

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Lisa Chickering : Never say never.

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Dami said it'd be a wonderful experience going to the top — but he could see that we were still a bit dubious. So I guess in order to make us feel a little better, he said in all seriousness: it's not difficult, just dangerous.

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Well, with such reassuring words — he gave us our picks and helped us on with our packs.

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Then he explained our route on the map — pointing out the various rest stations or shelters along the way.

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The time had come to leave the Franz-Josef-Haus. Dami made this climb 2 and 3 times a week and has been doing it for over twenty years. So our first desitnation — the glacier — which was a five-mile hike down (not up), was as he said: absolutely nothing. But with 10-pound packs on our backs and those enormous heavy boots weighting us down, we felt differently about it.

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Being complete novices he said we must have a party of at least three men to ensure a safer trip. So we stopped at the first rest station en route to the glacier to pick up two expert climbers from Denmark — Erik and Sven.

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After the introductions the men talked of their adventures on previous climbs — while we got our second wind.

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Then Sven pointed up to the over 12,000-foot peak which was beginning to look more ominous than ever.

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Finally, we were picking our way across the vast Paterze glacier, one of the oldest and largest in Europe. In the summer, it appears grey and unimpressive, still its innocent looking cracks and deep icy crevasses are a dangerous threat.

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It didn't take us long to find the best use for the picks — though not too comfortable.

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We were so weary by now and too concerned over its steadily getting darker — because of the storm clouds gathering down on the glacier.

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Dami was far more concerned with explaining that there were more uses for the picks than just seats, but I'm afraid he wasn't much influence- [[cut off]]

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Lisa Chickering : The men showed us an easy way to get down the snow embankment. This was definitely not for us! [LAUGHTER]

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Hanging onto each other we cautiously started up an ice ledge when Domise encouragingly said 'it's easy as falling off a log.'

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That did it, Jeanne and I knew we'd never be mountain climbers and with it looking like the storm could break at any minute, we told Domise and the others to go on but without us.

00:30:47.000 --> 00:30:57.000
Then we hastily turned back, only to happy not to be going on and to get away from that dark glacier.

00:30:57.000 --> 00:31:05.000
The best climb we could ever hope to make was up the steps to the hotel. [LAUGHTER]

00:31:05.000 --> 00:31:17.000
After such a strenuous experience the best place to re-cooperate would be down the Bad Hofgastein. One of the leading health resorts of Europe, nestled in the Gastein Valley.

00:31:17.000 --> 00:31:29.000
Due to its curative waters people from all over the world have been coming here since the 15th century. The waters remain the same, although there are now over 100 hotels. Each with their own thermal baths.

00:31:29.000 --> 00:31:36.000
The big hotels leap up at you from all sides and it's the most unexpected sight to come up on in provincial Austria.

00:31:36.000 --> 00:31:54.000
The healing water is the most highly radioactive water in the world and in the center of town the falls plunge right between the luxurious hotels with a deafening roar. This is one place where traffic sounds or school bells won't be disturb you.

00:31:54.000 --> 00:32:01.000
Besides from the baths which must be taken under medical supervision, you can also drink the mineral water which is most invigorating.

00:32:01.000 --> 00:32:16.000
In fact so much so that after just a few bottles of it the maps were once again out and plans were being made to go on to the town of Mayrhofen. Which lies in the Zillertal Valley and is considered one of the most beautiful valleys in the whole of the Tyrol.

00:32:16.000 --> 00:32:23.750
Besides from the winding road, one can reach Mayrhofen by this miniature gauge railway, that looks like it's right out of a Toonerville cartoon.

00:32:30.000 --> 00:32:38.000
Lisa Chickering : --splendid spire of the church dominates the village scene and at its foot lies the towns square which is the center of activity.

00:32:38.000 --> 00:32:47.000
Because of its charm and beauty many tourists converge on Mayrhofen to take various hikes and mountain climbs as this is a very popular past time of the Austrians.

00:32:47.000 --> 00:32:53.000
Students too come here for summer courses conducted by the University of Innsbruck.

00:32:53.000 --> 00:33:06.000
Mayrhofen is also renowned for a family of famous wood carvers. The Moroder's. This handy craft has been handed down from generation to generation for over 150 years.

00:33:06.000 --> 00:33:13.000
Here the father and sons are on the porch of their house busily working at their trade.

00:33:13.000 --> 00:33:22.000
Otto Moroder, the father was one of 14 children, 7 of whom became wood carvers and he has in turn taught his sons.

00:33:22.000 --> 00:33:28.000
Carl is the youngest.

00:33:28.000 --> 00:33:46.000
Yohan the second Moroder son and tall bearded Alvin is the eldest son, and here's the youngest member fast learning the family skill, little 3 year old Patrick. He's Alvin's son.

00:33:46.000 --> 00:33:54.000
Carl's specialty is carving small figures, which are for sale in the Moroder gallery. Located right in their house.

00:33:54.000 --> 00:34:05.000
Yohan does mainly animals. Here he's working on a Chamois and using a soft wood he's able to make 15 to 20 of these a day.

00:34:05.000 --> 00:34:20.000
Alvin is different from the others, including preceding generations as he is a modern sculptor of wood. His Splendor Madonna has the strength and clarity or contemporary designs and our story now centers on Alvin and his father Otto.

00:34:20.000 --> 00:34:34.300
With the larger model on the left Otto's now started to carve his Madonna and right before your eyes within the next few minutes you'll see this solid block of lifeless wood transformed into a flowing, graceful figure that will live for a long time.

00:34:42.000 --> 00:35:04.000
Lisa Chickering : Here on the river that skirts Mayrhofen Alvin searches from unusual drift wood, although taught by his father in the traditional tool of carving, he began to feel that each piece of wood has a special rhythm and tension of its own and rather than put life into the wood as his father does, he searches for the life and expression already within it and brings it out.

00:35:04.000 --> 00:35:20.000
As drift wood has the most various forms, he can envision as you can see with this piece the form about to emerge.

00:35:20.000 --> 00:35:33.000
Asides from drift wood Alvin takes in all wood. Rhythm and grain and natural flow of lines. He begins on a large sculptor by first drawing what the wading wood has brought to mind.

00:35:33.000 --> 00:35:44.000
From this sketch he works with clay. Molding it onto a wire and from the clay model he carves into soft wood, a small figure which serves as the model for his large figure.

00:35:44.000 --> 00:35:50.000
This time of a Madonna. When he first became interested in model work it came as a great shock to his father.

00:35:50.000 --> 00:36:09.000
He said 'well you'll spoil our name. I'll burn our house down before I let you exhibit it!' But after 5 years and much work Alvin finally won and now his father sees the beauty of his sons work as all can in this finished piece.

00:36:09.000 --> 00:36:28.000
Otto's still busy working. His Madonna being in the classical vein and it's readily seen even in the process of being carved, the vast difference from the father and sons style.

00:36:28.000 --> 00:36:38.000
This Tyrolean hand painted chest has been in the Moroder family for 200 years and in it Otto keeps all of the many figures he has done of his family.

00:36:38.000 --> 00:36:45.800
This small box seems to hold many fond memories for Otto, being of his son Alvin long before a whisker bedecked his perky little-

00:36:52.000 --> 00:37:01.000
Lisa Chickering : Another in the chest of memories is of his wife Frau Moroder holding their infant son Yohan.

00:37:01.000 --> 00:37:14.000
She too enjoys reminising and joins in to look at their form of a family photograph album. With the Morodor's one could call it the family wood album.

00:37:14.000 --> 00:37:27.000
This wonderfully expressive face is the carving of Frau Morodor's mother and the family resemblance as you can see is really remarkable.

00:37:27.000 --> 00:37:39.000
As this Paris poster indicates, Alvin has taken many of his works to be exhibited in European capitals. Among them were Mother and Child. Done in two different woods.

00:37:39.000 --> 00:37:45.000
Looking down the Seated Woman was carved out of the trunk of a pine tree.

00:37:45.000 --> 00:37:51.000
Man In Chair was done out of only one piece of wood

00:37:51.000 --> 00:38:02.000
and the severity and simplicity of Alvin's Flute Player contrasts once again with the delicacy and life likeness of his fathers Flute Player.

00:38:02.000 --> 00:38:10.000
And if any of these figures strike the tourists fancy, some are the size that could be easily put in your pocket and taken home.

00:38:10.000 --> 00:38:21.000
Otto's carved picture, Dancing on the Alpine hangs in the leading hotel. While his Nativity can be seen in the town church.

00:38:21.000 --> 00:38:39.000
It came as quite a surprise to find that Alvin aside from wood carving has a rich based voice and for six years has been a member of the most famous Tyrol folk singing group the Zillertaler Yodel Quartet. They appear on radio, make records and tour Europe yodeling their local songs.

00:38:39.000 --> 00:38:55.250
[[Yodeling Music]]

00:38:58.000 --> 00:39:05.000
Lisa Chickering : Alvin doesn't have to be away from his work bench very long to find his little son industriously following in the family footsteps.

00:39:05.000 --> 00:39:12.000
Encouragements always given and Patrick proudly possesses a bandaged finger — the badge of the novice.

00:39:12.000 --> 00:39:21.000
Asked what he's carving, he answers: 'money'. [[LAUGHTER]] Well, that's one way to make money — and a pretty easy one at that!

00:39:21.000 --> 00:39:34.000
Caught in the act, Patrick sheepishly grins hiding behind his mallet, then accepts the explanation that this just isn't done, with a most resigned attitude.

00:39:34.000 --> 00:39:50.000
The final chips of wood are blown from Otto's 'Madonna' and it stands ready now for its flowing robes to take color. With a fine brush and delicately shaded water colors, it nears its completion — but the Moroder's story is far from its final chapter.

00:39:50.000 --> 00:40:06.000
Now whether Patrick will follow in the modern footsteps of his father, or in the classical of his grandfather, will be unknown for some time — but one can be sure that he, too, will train his sons in the Moroder wood carving tradition.

00:40:06.000 --> 00:40:15.000
Otto's finished piece speaks expressively for itself.

00:40:15.000 --> 00:40:36.000
With the display of the family's works, Patrick felt left out without his being shown too — and of course it had to have a title too — it's titled: Patrick's Mint. [[LAUGHTER]]

00:40:36.000 --> 00:40:49.000
With some wonderful wood carvings we left Mayrhofen and went south to the province of Styria and its capital Graz— Graz is the second largest city in Austria with a population near a quarter of a million.

00:40:49.000 --> 00:41:05.000
It's far less visited by tourists than its lovely setting and cultural activities would merit. The old Clock Tower, the emblem of Graz, is high up on the castle hill that overlooks the sprawling city that spreads out impressively to the Styrian countryside.

00:41:05.000 --> 00:41:13.000
Here, we heard of an unusual festival that was taking place in a remote Styrian village called Oberzeiring.

00:41:13.000 --> 00:41:20.000
Parades, floats, and groups of people from all the neighboring villages were coming to the gaily decorated Oberzering to celebrate.

00:41:20.000 --> 00:41:40.760
The festival is held in honor of the miners, who used to go down to the hazardous mines for silver as long as 500 years ago. Well the mines have long since been exhausted and closed but still, every three years the people continue to have their festival which includes activities pertaining to mining and many others pertaining to nothing— but fun!

00:41:47.000 --> 00:41:57.000
Lisa Chickering : These men are parading to the entrance of the old mine to reenact the ceremony of opening it with the keys and going down into it just as they did in the 15th Century.

00:41:57.000 --> 00:42:03.000
The word Gluck over the door means good luck. Which I'm sure they need going down to that old mine.

00:42:03.000 --> 00:42:11.000
They asked us if we'd like to come along too but remembering our mountain climbing episode we said 'Nein' 'Danke Schon'

00:42:11.000 --> 00:42:17.000
Now in the traditional miners costumes, these men perform one of the old miners dances.

00:42:17.000 --> 00:42:49.000

00:42:49.000 --> 00:43:10.000
Things are going on all over the village. One of their favorite games is this, called [?] or in English just plain finger slapping. I can certainly think of a more enjoyable way to have a good time. [[LAUGHTER/BACKGROUND CHATTER]]

00:43:10.000 --> 00:43:16.000
The sore fingered but happy, winner.

00:43:16.000 --> 00:43:29.000
Meanwhile back on the stage another miners dance is taking place. In ancient times the miners, as an honor were given the right to carry weapons and they celebrated the privilege with this weird sword dance.

00:43:29.000 --> 00:43:54.650

00:43:59.000 --> 00:44:05.000
Now, another game to test the strength and endurance of the strong men of the village.

00:44:05.000 --> 00:44:11.000
Now, they pull on each other's fingers until a mighty champion emerges.

00:44:11.000 --> 00:44:18.000
In Austria, they certainly must have strong, sore fingers.

00:44:18.000 --> 00:44:31.000

00:44:31.000 --> 00:44:38.000
By the end of the festive day, even the balloons have joined in for some dancing,

00:44:38.000 --> 00:44:45.000
and after all the excitement of the festival we found a peaceful, quiet inn in one of the most beautiful settings possible.

00:44:45.000 --> 00:44:51.000
This is just outside the town of Kitzbühel , which you'll see later on in the film.

00:44:51.000 --> 00:44:53.000

00:44:53.000 --> 00:44:57.000
Also on the outskirts is this 400 year old house.

00:44:57.000 --> 00:45:01.000
This is without a doubt, one of the most beautiful of the typical Tyrolean houses.

00:45:01.000 --> 00:45:08.000
And it's here that Joseph Eenfeldt, a well-known wrought-iron artistan lives and works.

00:45:08.000 --> 00:45:10.000

00:45:10.000 --> 00:45:16.000
To the left of his door in wrought-iron is his name and occupation, Joseph Eenfeldt, [[?]].

00:45:16.000 --> 00:45:23.000
Early every morning he goes from one section of his house where he lives with his family, to the other where his workshop is.

00:45:23.000 --> 00:45:28.000
And here, the steady sound of his hammer can be heard all day long, and has been for some time.

00:45:28.000 --> 00:45:34.000
As he's proud to say how he's been doing this work for over 65 years.

00:45:34.000 --> 00:45:37.000

00:45:37.000 --> 00:45:40.000
He explains some of the steps in making his pieces.

00:45:40.000 --> 00:45:44.000
First, the fire where he softens the iron.

00:45:44.000 --> 00:45:51.000
Don't you wonder how he manages to keep that long beard working so close to the fire?

00:45:51.000 --> 00:45:53.000

00:45:53.000 --> 00:45:59.000
Then the shaping, with the hammer, later by machine. It's power really smoothing it out.

00:45:59.000 --> 00:46:01.000

00:46:01.000 --> 00:46:05.300
The blow torch is applied to make the paint adhere permanently, and it also makes it stainless.

00:46:09.000 --> 00:46:12.000
{Unknown speaker}

00:46:12.000 --> 00:46:22.000
Later on, he brings out the completed pieces which are now for sale. They range from crosses for the church, stovefronts, electric light fixtures, lanterns, and numerous small articles, too.

00:46:22.000 --> 00:46:32.000
He is also commissioned by some of the leading churches to make wrought iron gates and doors for them. In fact, one of his doors is in the Saint [[Flosses?]] Church in Salzburg.

00:46:32.000 --> 00:46:38.000
Aside from doing fine work, Herr [[Einsfeld]], who is 75 years old, is one of the kindest, most wonderful people.

00:46:38.000 --> 00:46:52.000
He loves his church, his family, and his big black dog, who is always by his side, and who he calls Whitey. [[crowd laughter]]

00:46:52.000 --> 00:47:03.000
His wife is also an artisan, and her name in wrought iron is to the right side of the door - Anna [[Bourvo]], her maiden name, [[Puschmacherin]].

00:47:03.000 --> 00:47:09.000
She's one of the few people left who still make these traditional costume hats worn by the country people.

00:47:09.000 --> 00:47:22.000
This is an art all its own, which unfortunately is fast fading out. The exquisite embroidery work on the brim, made with real gold thread, takes two weeks to do, and the hats cost about 40 dollars.

00:47:22.000 --> 00:47:29.000
And inside of each, is her name, Anna [[Einsfeld]], and where she's from, Kitzbühel.

00:47:29.000 --> 00:47:38.000
And now you're going to see them being worn in one of the traditional towns. You know how we women are always being teased by the men, over our hats?

00:47:38.000 --> 00:47:56.000
I'd just wonder what they'd say if we wore some of these. [[Pause, light laughter]]

00:47:56.000 --> 00:48:15.000
Now, just in case the men are beginning to feel a little too smug, let's take a look at their hats. In Austria, it's the men who are bedecked with flowers; fresh cut flowers.

00:48:15.000 --> 00:48:24.860
How would you like to have this in front of you at the theater? Or this? And I'd doubt if we'd ever see a gas attendant over here with this on his head.

00:48:26.000 --> 00:48:49.000
Lisa Chickering : Well, with all these people putting on the dog— [[LAUGHTER]] —in Austria, you're libel to find anything. [[AUDIENCE CLAPPING]]

00:48:49.000 --> 00:49:02.000
Thank you very much. And now after the intermission, Jeanne Porterfield will be back to take you on the second half of the trip. And this is where it gets very cold and snowy, so this is the time to bundle up.

00:49:02.000 --> 00:49:21.000

00:49:21.000 --> 00:49:43.000
UNKNOWN SPEAKER - UNRELATED TOPIC: They are the only examples of egg-laying mammals to be found in the entire world. And the duck-bill [[duck-billed]] platypus is the missing link. He is the missing link between cold-blooded reptiles and warm-blooded mammals, discovered for the first time in a backwater of the Hawkesbury River at the end of the 18th century.

00:49:43.000 --> 00:50:12.000
This one is about 20 inches in length. About a third to a quarter of that length is made up of the tail. Very soft, wonderful fur on the body and coarse bristles on the tail. And ladies and gentlemen, notice the spurs that he has on his back legs— they are connected by ducts to poison glands. The only example of venom in the entire mammal order. And during the breeding season, they'll, the [[mutters]] poison is very virulent.

00:50:12.000 --> 00:50:30.190
Well, he's a ridiculous looking creature. He eats half of his own weight daily in earthworms and he also enjoys crayfish. When they sent a couple of them to the Bronx Zoo 18 months ago, it was a tremendous problem to have enough earthworms to keep- [[cut off]]

00:50:32.000 --> 00:50:39.000
UNKNOWN SPEAKER 1: —during the journey. Now he has a heavy, reptile-like body, but he moves through the water with the greatest of ease.

00:50:39.000 --> 00:50:46.000
And let's watch him now as he swims about in his tank— the very rare, duck-bill [[duck-billed]] platypus.

00:50:46.000 --> 00:51:00.000
He's got frog-man appendages there on the front; those great bulbous eyes; his meal, uh, crayfish meal, is gonna be dropped in, in a moment.

00:51:00.000 --> 00:51:05.000
UNKNOWN SPEAKER 2: There you go, sir.

00:51:05.000 --> 00:51:08.000

00:51:08.000 --> 00:51:15.000
UNKNOWN SPEAKER 1: —crayfish, he's got him. And I hate to say it, but his table manners are terrible.

00:51:15.000 --> 00:51:19.000
Look at the frog-man [[BACKGROUND VOICE]] appendages, that he's got.

00:51:19.000 --> 00:51:24.000

00:51:24.000 --> 00:51:27.000
The duck-bill [[duck-billed]] platypus.

00:51:27.000 --> 00:51:35.000
[[NOISE]] And now, ladies and gentleman, the creatures that made the crossword puzzle [[INAUDIBLE]]: the emu—

00:51:35.000 --> 00:51:47.000
e-m-u. And those of you who've wrestled with that word over the years I'm sure will be glad to see at last just what it represents. Well, they're fairly similar to ostriches.

00:51:47.000 --> 00:51:57.000
They're found only in Australia. They move with the greatest of ease and speed across the country and they have the most voracious appetite. And they're the most curious birds that you could imagine.

00:51:57.000 --> 00:52:10.000
I was minding my own business and was reading, "What Bird is That?", when one of them looked over my shoulder and I heard him say: that's for the birds. I felt almost as if I had stepped out of the pages of 'Alice in Wonderland'.

00:52:10.000 --> 00:52:19.000
And if you think it's very pleasant to be minding your own business and to be reading about Australia when you have something like that looming in on you, you have another thought coming.

00:52:19.000 --> 00:52:37.680
But this is a land of remarkable fauna and certainly among the most curious of them all are the emus. I had a loaf of bread that was hidden there that was an answer to it and you really couldn't blame them since they're always hungry. And with that thought in mind, let us now have a—

00:52:40.000 --> 00:52:52.000
{Unknown Speaker 1} --before we continue on to the second half. Thank you very much. [[audience clapping]]

00:52:52.000 --> 00:53:24.000

00:53:24.000 --> 00:53:31.000
{Unknown Speaker 2} The weather conditions and soil conditions change the characteristic of the oils.

00:53:31.000 --> 00:53:37.000
{Unknown Speaker 2} And then they must be carefully checked in the laboratory before they are sent to be made into perfume.

00:53:37.000 --> 00:53:52.000
{Unknown Speaker 2} The final person who does make the test is a man who is called the Great Nose and he is the most highly paid person in the perfume industry and it is behind his locked doors that the famous perfumes of France are created.

00:53:52.000 --> 00:54:01.000
{Unknown Speaker 2} He is also the one who decides whether the basic oil is satisfactory enough to be used in the making of the perfumes.

00:54:01.000 --> 00:54:11.000
{Unknown Speaker 2} And he will sit here for sometimes several weeks smelling strips of test paper before he decides to add another ingredient.

00:54:11.000 --> 00:54:21.000
{Unknown Speaker 2} And sometimes it will take a Great Nose 10 years of such experimenting before he comes up with a new perfume.

00:54:21.000 --> 00:54:32.000
{Unknown Speaker 2} And a good french perfume is a combination of 70 to 80 synthetic and natural ingredients. So, ladies, please cherish your french perfume.

00:54:32.000 --> 00:54:43.430
{Unknown Speaker 2} But flowers aren't used for making just perfumes. And before we leave this area of France we are going to visit the largest rose research company in the world, owned by the Meilland family.

00:54:45.000 --> 00:54:55.000
{Unknown speaker} They grow about 100 000 rose bushes a year. Most of them are dug up and thrown away and only a few rose bushes are kept to further their research.

00:54:55.000 --> 00:55:04.000
{Unknown speaker} Two members of the Meilland family are inspecting a new rose which they have just created which is called Suspense.

00:55:04.000 --> 00:55:15.000
{Unknown speaker} The way they make their money at Meilland is from the flower wholesalers that pay for their patented rose shoots.

00:55:15.000 --> 00:55:26.000
{Unknown speaker} And they are working on a very interesting product right at the present. They are trying to develop the blue rose. They have not succeeded yet but they say it is only a matter of time.

00:55:26.000 --> 00:55:46.000
{Unknown speaker} And as you see, the rose does have a purplish or lavender colour and they intend to pollinate this rose with other roses. And with each succeeding generation the rose will become a deeper blue.

00:55:46.000 --> 00:55:54.000
{Unknown speaker} And they say it is only a matter of time before we will eventually develop the blue rose.

00:55:54.000 --> 00:56:05.000
{Unknown speaker} And at that time, they will then cross it with roses of other colours and then you will be able to buy at your florist, roses of every colour in the rainbow.

00:56:05.000 --> 00:56:16.000
{Unknown speaker} They are very carefully pollinated and to keep stray pollen from reaching the pestals, they are covered with a waxed paper bag.

00:56:16.000 --> 00:56:35.000
{Unknown speaker} During the succeeding several weeks, the fruit or bulb grows. Inside, these seeds mature, they are then opened and replanted to bring us another generation closer to the blue rose.

00:56:35.000 --> 00:56:45.480
{Unknown speaker} One member of the Meilland family was nice enough to open one of these bulbs prematurely so you could better see what is actually taking place.

00:56:58.000 --> 00:57:13.000
(Unknown Speaker 1) Normally when it is open the seeds are much darker than this, but you can see the various seeds within the bulb. These roses that we see before us now have no names. They are used strictly for research here at Mayon.

00:57:13.000 --> 00:57:16.000

00:57:16.000 --> 00:57:20.000
(Unknown Speaker 1) Two roses on the same stem, both different colors.

00:57:20.000 --> 00:57:53.000

00:57:53.000 --> 00:57:57.000
(Unknown Speaker 1) Now we are going to take a short intermission before we begin the second part of the plan.

00:57:57.000 --> 00:58:07.000

00:58:07.000 --> 00:58:15.000

00:58:15.000 --> 00:58:22.000
(Unknown Speaker 2) There is a tremendous eagerness on the part of those people to learn, they want to know us better. They want to know more about us.

00:58:22.000 --> 00:58:48.000
(Unknown Speaker 2) But if we are consistently going to set between us and those people a barrier of so-called military security, if we're going to panic and get all shook up and say the common people can't meet the common people because the only way you can meet people is at a source point, then all I can say is, we've lost the Cold War already. Those are my impressions. Have you got any questions?

00:58:48.000 --> 00:59:00.000

00:59:00.000 --> 00:59:00.120
(Unknown Speaker 2) Yeah.

00:59:10.000 --> 00:59:29.000
(Unknown Speaker) The question is, "what was the real reason why they did not want our president to visit Japan?" I would say first and foremost the majority of the people of Japan were perfectly willing to have the president come. The Socialist Party is the party that is the leading opposition against Prime Minister Kishi.

00:59:29.000 --> 00:59:52.000
(Unknown Speaker) And the socialists did not want him to come because they felt that his coming to celebrate the anniversary of this hundred years of favorable friendship between the United States and Japan was to underscore the Japan/US security treaty and in a sense to add strength and prestige to the Kishi regime which was advocating it.

00:59:52.000 --> 01:00:01.000
(Unknown Speaker) And so strictly for political reasons, internal political reasons, they didn't want Eisenhower there patting their opponent on the back, you see what I mean?

01:00:01.000 --> 01:00:19.000
(Unknown Speaker) From their point of view - with which we as Americans may disagree - from their point of view the timing of the President's visit was unfortunate. Many of them were saying that if he had come at some other time they would have welcomed him too. They have nothing against Mr. Eisenhower, nothing against the United States.

01:00:19.000 --> 01:00:28.000
(Unknown Speaker) But they have much against Mr. Kishi and they didn't want anything to happen that would give any political fodder and support to Mr. Kishi.

01:00:28.000 --> 01:00:45.000
(Unknown Speaker) That was the reason why and when it linked the demonstrations became so large and so obviously communist financed, Mr. Kishi himself felt that perhaps an unfortunate incident might occur and if it had between the United States and Japan which Kishi, who is a good friend of ours, did not want to happen.

01:00:45.000 --> 01:00:53.000
(Unknown Speaker) And I really believe now, this - this is risky for me to prophesize about politics in another country that I don't know very much about -

01:00:53.000 --> 01:01:09.000
(Unknown Speaker) but on the basis of what many people told me, the Japanese people as a whole, the Japanese nation is so embarrassed by the fact that the leader of a great nation could not come to Japan and be guaranteed safety, that they feel they've have lost face terribly throughout the orient.

01:01:09.000 --> 01:01:18.450
(Unknown Speaker) They're embarrassed by it and it may cost the Socialist Party more votes in the long run then they would have lost if Mr. Eisenhower would have come.

01:01:31.000 --> 01:01:39.000
Frank Butterworth : Well I really don't think that they were as strong, but I think that Kishi had gotten to the place where he was a prisoner within his own house.

01:01:39.000 --> 01:01:44.000
Frank Butterworth : The demonstrators were going around and around the outside of his house. They were blockading the entrance to the Diet building.

01:01:44.000 --> 01:01:47.000
Frank Butterworth : Parliamentary government was virtually at a standstill.

01:01:47.000 --> 01:01:58.000
Frank Butterworth : And when it was impossible for him to make the normal programme of the government operating, he felt, well, maybe the safest thing is for us reluctantly to ask the President not to come at this time.

01:01:58.000 --> 01:02:08.000
Frank Butterworth : It's very difficult for us to understand when we don't live under that kind of a new formed democracy but it seemed perfectly reasonable to the Japanese.

01:02:08.000 --> 01:02:12.000
{Unknown Speaker 1} When did you say this group was first organized?

01:02:12.000 --> 01:02:15.000
Frank Butterworth : The question is, when was the group first organized?

01:02:15.000 --> 01:02:20.000
Frank Butterworth : Do you refer to the Zengakuren, the student demonstrator group?

01:02:20.000 --> 01:02:31.000
Frank Butterworth : I could not tell you the exact date at which it was first organized but the opposition began to be felt immediately after May 20th which was the date when Mr. Kishi summoned the majority party.

01:02:31.000 --> 01:02:34.000
Frank Butterworth : Prior to that time, you see, what had happened was this:

01:02:34.000 --> 01:02:44.000
Frank Butterworth : The Socialist Party tried to blockade the Diet building so that the prime minister himself and the members of the majority party couldn't get into their seats in the Diet.

01:02:44.000 --> 01:02:47.000
Frank Butterworth : Mr. Kishi said this was paralyzing parliamentary government.

01:02:47.000 --> 01:02:54.000
Frank Butterworth : That the only thing that he could do to establish law and order was to call in the police. He called in the police to empty the hall.

01:02:54.000 --> 01:03:00.000
Frank Butterworth : Immediately the socialists said this is the police state. This is fascism. This is undemocratic.

01:03:00.000 --> 01:03:04.000
Frank Butterworth : And then they began the series of demonstrations.

01:03:04.000 --> 01:03:06.000
{Unknown Speaker 2} We're running out of tape.

01:03:06.000 --> 01:03:12.000
Frank Butterworth : We're running out of tape, so I gotta sign off. Aloha boys in Buffalo.

01:03:12.000 --> 01:03:15.000
{Unknown speaker 3} This is not a question, well I don't know- [??]

01:03:15.000 --> 01:03:31.000
{Unknown Speaker 4} To a program chairman. I think to end it now, I think it must be very reassuring to know that we have in our club men like Frank Butterworth.

01:03:31.000 --> 01:03:36.000
{Unknown Speaker 4} I know that everybody listened with rapt attention to what you said, Frank.

01:03:36.000 --> 01:03:46.000
{Unknown Speaker 4} We thank you for bringing us these vivid pictures, word pictures of what you saw on your recent trip to Orient.

01:03:46.000 --> 01:03:52.580
{Unknown Speaker 4} I think you've given us all much to think about. Your suggestions for what we can do about it by making--