For many of us, gulls bring to mind an ever-present flock of birds on summer beaches. Of course, there’s much more to them than that. In 1955 and 1956, Martin Moynihan of the Smithsonian’s Tropical Research Institute, traveled along the western edge of South America to observe gulls from Peru south to Punta Arenas, Chile – just over 8 miles from Antarctica. His field notes reflect his attention to detail including time of day, changes of appearance, notations of the birds’ songs , sketches and other annotations. Please join us in transcribing his firsthand observations and discover some of the similarities and differences through the eyes of this important tropical naturalist.