Journal, Northwest Boundary Survey, 1857-1862

About the Project

Would you jump at the chance to work as an interpreter-geologist-naturalist on a team that was mapping out a territorial boundary between two major nations? In 1844, the United Kingdom and the United States did not agree where the northwest boundary between Canada and the US lay. Americans took the boundary to be parallel to Alaska's southernmost border working east to the Rocky Mountains while the UK thought it was the Columbia River much further to the south. In the Oregon Treaty of 1846, they agreed to set the border at the 49th parallel and the Northwest Boundary Survey was undertaken to map out that boundary. George Gibbs recorded these field notes of his naturalist work as part of the Survey between 1857 and 1862.

Team up with other volunteers and learn more about the country through which the Northwest Boundary Survey team worked to map out the border between these two nations.

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