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woman at wages which his union had fought long and hard to improve. The war boom had ended, work was scarce and he was out of a job unless he would accept this same low wage. In many cases when he did accept work at such a wage, it was necessary for his wife to go right on working as only thus could they hope to bring in enough money to live on.

Women, many of whom had considered their jobs as temporary, found that they would have to go on working in order that their children would have enough clothes to wear and food to eat.

One Breadwinner Not Enough

These women, who before the war had supposedly worked for "pin money," were now working from nothing more than necessity. And after the war, even more women began to enter industry.

From 1920-1930, instead of number of women workers decreasing as had been expected, the number increased by two and one half millions. These women were not working for extra money or because they had nothing else to do, but because they had to if their families were to survive.

The job of organizing this permanent body of women workers and winning for them wages which the men had won for the same sort of work was a job for the trade unions. Yet the majority of trade union strength was in industries which still employ few women--the building trades, the printing trades, and other highly skilled fields.

It was not until 1936 that union organization began to reach the new fields where women were employed--rubber, automobile, electrical supplies, agriculture, offices, teaching and many mass production industries.

Today there are many thousands of women in trade unions, working with men to win better wages, hours, and working conditions, as well as demanding increased legislative

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protection for their sex in the form of special protection for the women workers and prohibition of child labor.

As the Women's Bureau of U.S. Dept. of Labor put it: "Women workers have a double battle today. They must strive to maintain and advance the position of their own sex to an equality with the best that men have attained and they must at the same time advance the interests of all workers. In doing both these things they will help to solve the problems that face the American people and make this country a better place in which to live and work."

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Transcription Notes:
The word legislative is hyphenated(it goes across two pages). Included it in the first page.

Please note that the language and terminology used in this collection reflects the context and culture of the time of its creation, and may include culturally sensitive information. As an historical document, its contents may be at odds with contemporary views and terminology. The information within this collection does not reflect the views of the Smithsonian Institution, but is available in its original form to facilitate research. For questions or comments regarding sensitive content, access, and use related to this collection, please contact transcribe@si.edu.