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The National Air and Space Museum has two major facilities: the Museum on the Mall which opened in 1976, where many of the principal artifacts of the collection are exhibited, and the Paul E. Garber Facility in Suitland, Maryland, where about 90% of the collection is stored and where restoration of artifacts is conducted. A few aircraft are also stored at Davis-Monthan AFB in Arizona. Several others, as well as the Space Shuttle Enterprise, are kept at Dulles International Airport.

A breakdown by functional areas for the Museum on the Mall and the Garber Facility is shown in the diagrams following this section.

3.1 The Museum on the Mall

The Museum on the Mall attracts nearly ten million visitors per year to 23 exhibit areas which house a collection that includes the original 1903 Wright Flyer, Lindbergh's Spirit of St. Louis, the Apollo 11 command module which carried men to the Moon, and the identical twin to the Viking spacecraft which landed on Mars. The facility is able to exhibit less than 10% of the national collection and, because of size limitations, only 65 aircraft out of a collection of 330 can be shown.

Office space in the building is also limited. The Air and Space Magazine staff is being displaced to commercial offices, and more space is required before additional research fellows and sorely-needed volunteer staff, many of them highly trained former aerospace professionals, can be accepted.

3.2 The Paul E. Garber Facility

The Garber Facility is housed in a number of prefabricated metal buildings and is open to the public on a limited basis for scheduled tours. Separate buildings contain the restoration and exhibit production shops, archives, artifact exhibits, and dense storage. The buildings are generally in deteriorated condition and, due to the lack of environmental control systems, provide poor protection for the collection. According to an August 1988 report on the Garber Facility by senior museum consultant David W. Scott, many artifacts are

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