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-54- appropriate, training teaches host country experts the inventory process, the natural history of tropical environments, and protected areas management. This collaboration includes aid in advanced university or institutional training, support for host institution programs through lectures and seminars, and supply of relevant supplies and literature. Another such biological diversity program is [[underline]] planned [[/underline]] within the framework of an "Agreement of Scientific Collaboration" between the Smithsonian's National Museum of Natural History and the University of Guyana. The interest of the Guyanese university presents a rare opportunity for this vital activity. Anticipated results of the collaboration include: 1. Research contributions to the publication, "Flora of the Guianas," including Surinam and French Guiana. This "Flora" has already involved 15 Smithsonian botanists in Guyana over the past five years; 2. The Guyana segment of a proposed Biological Diversity of all the Guianas; 3. Definition by Guyana of the borders of a national park in the Kaitur Falls area and training of the park's management staff; and 4. The construction of a natural history research and training center to bring together plant collections of the University and the Forestry Commission as well as plant and animal specimens collected in the course of the biological diversity program. The Smithsonian/University of Guyana research and training program will cost US$140,000 annually for ten years, including annual local currency costs of US$108,000. Rough cost estimates for construction and equipment of the natural history center by the University are US$200,000 a year for three years, or a toptal of US$600,000, primarily in local currency. [[underline]] Exhibit III [[/underline]] [[underline]] A Philippine Center for Algal Biotechnology [[/underline]] Smithsonian study of natural history began in the nineteenth century as part of the exploration of North America and later expanded into the New World tropics. Since World War II, comparative studies have been undertaken around the world. In the Philippines, for example, collaborative studies in marine biology have been carried on for a decade with Silliman University. Joint collection and study of seaweed has led to a proposal to establish a Philippine Center for Algal Biotechnology as an expansion of Silliman University's Marine Laboratory. The purpose of the Philippine Center for Algal Biotechnology is to assist the Philippines in attaining self-reliance in a number of algae-dependent export industries, namely, 1) the phycocolloid industry serving scientific and medical research, 2) the fish/prawn/salt pond mariculture industry, and 3) the pharmaceutical industry. The mariculture program would expand use of the Philippine Islands' rich coastal and estuarine areas to diversify marketable
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