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[[copy of a full, eight column, newspaper page]] Original scanned September 27, 2002. Reduced print - for full-sized print, see Davis Box 163, Folder 3 Page 2 THE JOURNAL AND GUIDE SATURDAY, JUNE 23, 1945 [[column one]] Georgia (Continued from page 1) Executive Committee were clear violations of the 14th, 13th and 11th amendments to the United States Constitution. ALL REGISTRARS AFFECTED The suit, though specifically naming Jackson, also would enjoin similar action of registrars all over Georgia from violating the rights of all "Negro citizens of the United States and residents and citizens of the state of Georgia similarly situated, who are duly qualified electors under the Constitution and laws of the United States and the state of Georgia." Though directed against Nettles, the action, the petition states, would also serve as a "declaratory judgement for the purpose of determining a question in actual controversy . . . whether the practice of the defendant in enforcing and maintaining the policy, custom and [[?usage]] by which the plaintiff (Jackson) and other Negro citizens similarly situated who are qualified electors are denied the right to cast ballots at the Democratic primary elections in Georgia, solely on account of their race or color, violates the 14th, 15th and 17th amendments of the Constitution of the United States." FOLLOWS PATTERN Following closely the pattern of the suit which resulted in the United States Supreme Court's historic and precedent-breaking decision in the Texas white primary, the Jackson petition contends that [[participation?]] in the Democratic primary in Georgia for the past [[?20]] years has been tantamount to [[?]] and that denial of participation of Negro citizens in the primary is in actuality denial of the right to vote. The same qualifications, the petition points out, are required for a voter to participate in the primary elections as are required in the general election. Negro voters are permitted to vote in Georgia's general elections. Asserting that Plaintiff Jackson and others similarly situated are suffering irreparable injury and are threatened irreparable injury in the future by reason of the acts herein complained of they have no redress other than this petition," the petition asks Judge Underwood to give the case "speedy action" and issue a permanent injunction restraining and enjoining the defendant from making any distinction as to race, creed or color in the sending of precinct lists of voters for use in Fulton county. In addition, Judge Underwood is asked to enter a judgement or decree declaring that the policy, custom or usage of the defendant in denying the plaintiff and other qualified Negro citizens the right to vote in the Democratic primary election of Georgia solely on account of their race is unconstitutional. Besides Walden and Marshall the petition is signed by William H. [[?]] of Washington and Edward [[?H. Dweigy]] of New York City. The Georgia Association of Citizens Democratic Clubs, organized last year in a state meeting in Macon, boasts a combined membership of more than 15,000 Georgians who have pledged themselves as duly qualified Democrats. [[line]] Death Levels (Continued from Page 1) Gentile, Catholic and Protestant, officers and enlisted men, white and black. Surely men who watched the ceremony Tuesday and who have seen death's callous disregard for fame and position, will return to peaceful pursuits, ere long, with a firmer, deeper appreciation of what is needed by Democracy. [[line]] Liberian Post (Continued from Page 1) and is devoting much of his time to the current United Negro College Campaign Fund, of which he is national vice chairman. [[advertisement]] BUY WAR BONDS [[/advertisement]] [[advertisement]] NOW SHE SHOPS "CASH AND CARRY" Without Pains and Backaches Many sufferers relieve nagging backache quickly when they discover that the real cause of their [[trouble?]] might be [[?]] The [[the next 18 lines are illegible]] [[/column one]] [[column two]] [[photo image: man in suit and tie]] [[caption]] NAMED TO BOARD — Dr. Edward R. Archer, prominent Norfolk physician, has been elected to the board of trustees of Lincoln University, Pennsylvania. [[/caption]] [[dotted line]] Dr. Archer Named To Lincoln Board Norfolk — Dr. Edward R. Archer, a native of Norfolk and a well known practicing physician here, has been honored with election to the board of trustees of Lincoln University [Pa.], according to an announcement by Dr. W. L. Wright, president of the institution. The physician, an alumnus of Lincoln, and a 1939 graduate Howard University Medical School, has been practicing in his home city since 1941. A member of the Old Dominion Medical Society and the National Medical Association, he has acquired a large practice and an eminent reputation in his profession. He is on the staff of the Norfolk Community Hospital and a partner of the Omega Psi Phi Fraternity. TAUGHT SCHOOL Following to Dr. Archer's graduation from the Lincoln University with highest honors, in 1925 he became a member of the faculty of the Booker T. Washington High School where he remained for 10 years until 1935 when he began the study of medicine. Dr. Archer was an honor student at Lincoln throughout the four years and at one time was business manager for the Lions football team. While he, himself, never played football, he coached championship teams at the local high school for several years in succession. On his return from the reunion of the Lincoln class of 1923 held June 3-4, Dr. Archer stated that of the 44 members of that class, 33 still live, 23 of whom attended the reunion. The class pledged [[? ? ? ? ? ? ?]] $5,000 and paid [[?]] more than $4,000 of this amount at the university. [[line]] 477th Is Third War Command For Col. Davis Staff Correspondence GOODMAN FIELD, Ky. — The 477th Composite Group is the third command of importance assigned to Colonel Benjamin O. Davis during World War II by the War Department. He has taken one of them into combat and is scheduled to take the third, the 477th, into combat in the late fall, this time in the Pacific. The 39-year-old West Point graduate of 1936 earned his pilot's wings at the Tuskegee Army Airfield, Alabama, in 1942. Placed in command of the 99th Fighter Squadron, he went overseas with it in April, 1943. The colonel, then a lieutenant colonel, served as commanding officer of the 99th in the North African, Sicilian, and Italian Campaigns. SECOND COMMAND On October 5, 1943, Colonel Davis, a native of Washington, D. C., returned to the United States and attained command of the 332nd Fighter Group which was activated October 12, 1942. The group remained under Colonel Davis until January 12, 1944, and then went overseas and into action against the enemy as a part of the 12th Fighter Command of the Mediterranean Allied Air Forces under Lieutenant General Ira C. Eaker. Flying the sturdy P-40 Warhawk and P-47 Thunderbolt with the 12th Fighter Command, the group strafed enemy shipping and did low level ship bombing at Corsica, Anzio, and other points in Italy. They were later assigned to the 20th Air Force, and equipped with P-51s. The Mustang became a favorite with the pilots. COMBAT RECORD On February 23, 1945, Colonel Davis' Group had completed 200 combat missions with the 18th Air Force and had served as [[?]] in heavy bombers without losing a single bomber in enemy fighting. Up to that time, members of the 332nd Fighter Group had been awarded [[??]] Distinguished Flyers Crosses, and had completed [[5,000??]] sorties while destroying more than [[??]] enemy aircraft in aerial and ground clearing assaults. Working in close cooperation with the U. S. Fifth Army and the British Eighth Army, the fighter group performed all types of missions, ranging from escorting heavy bombers over the [[??]] oil fields to low level strafing raids on retreating Germans in northern Italy, Yugoslavia, Austria, and finally over Germany and Berlin itself. HOLDS THREE MEDALS Colonel Davis has been awarded the Legion of Merit, Silver Star, Distinguished Flying Cross, and the Air Medal with Four Oak Leaf Clusters. He returned to the United States early this month to take command of the reconstituted 477th Bombardment Group, which will be known as a composite group. Elements of the 477th will include two bomber squadrons, and one fighter squadron (the 99th) from the 332nd Fighter Group. The remaining elements of the 332nd Fighter Group will be held in strategic reserve. [[column three]] Col. Davis (Continued from Page 1) [[??]] will be used for organizing the outfit for combat. The organization plan is said to call for the formation of one fighter squadron and two medium bomber squadrons in a combination fighter bomber group - which will be something new in Air Forces organization, although composite fighter-bomber wings have been used before in the Pacific. TO PACIFIC (7) (4) The fighter-bomber group will be committed to action in the Pacific theatre sometime this fall. (5) Major Bill Campbell, of Tuskegee, commanding officer of the 99th Fighter Squadron of the 432nd Fighter Group, was returned to the States to organize a new 99th Fighter Squadron which will fly P-51 fighter planes with the new composite group. (6) Major Elmer Jones of Washington, commanding officer of the 523rd Air Service Group, which supported the 332nd in Italy, was returned to the States with a complement of four key officers and 10 key enlisted men and will form a new air service group under his own command to service the bombardment group. (7) That Major Edward C. Gleed, of Lawrence, Kansas, 332nd operations officer, who also returned, will assume the operations post in the composite group. (Incidentally, Major Gleed is splendidly qualified for this composite job because he was a great P-51 fighter pilot and also has many hours of flying a B-25 medium bomber which he operated as a group courier in Italy. ALL-COLORED (8) The 477th will be an all-colored command when it is finally readied for combat. (9) The remaining personnel of the 332nd, with possibly a few exceptions, will not figure into Col. Davis' new command but will remain in Italy for the time being. What future disposition will be made of the 332nd could not be learned. It is thought by some of those who returned that the 332nd will be brought back to the States this summer, when shipping is available, and will be broken up. ALL VOLUNTEERS (10) All men who came from the 332nd to join the new organization are volunteers. (The enlisted men of the 99th Fighter Squadron, who came back for the new assignment, are members of the original 99th complement and have discharge points ranging from 100 to 140 which is considerably above the basic 85 point discharge total. The decision to bring Col Davis and members of his staff back to the United States for this assignment was a sudden decision. The night before this reporter embarked from Naples on June 4, to return to the States, both Col. Davis and Major Gleed told me they had no idea about what would happen to them or their outfit. A few days later, they got a hurried call from Washington and about forty officers and enlisted men left Italy by plane for this country, arriving a few days before I had completed a 10-day ocean voyage from Naples to Newport News. A glance at the list of men who came back on that shipment reveals the fact that important personnel was chosen which suggests that an important assignment was in the offing. The details of that assignment will be officially revealed at Godman Field, Ky., on Thursday of this week when an announcement of the change of policy will be made by Lt. General Ira C. Eaker, deputy commander of the Army Air Forces and former commander of the Mediterranean Allied Air Force under which Col. Davis' fighter group flew in Italy. HIGH OFFICIALS ON HAND Present on that occasion will be Truman K. Gibson, Jr., civilian aide to the Secretary of War, Brigadier General B. O. Davis Sr., who is the father of Col. Davis and who recently returned from an assignment in Europe; Major Elmer H. Roberts, War Department Public Relations official, and several other high ranking Army and Air Forces officers. The men who returned from the 332nd with Col. Davis are: Major Vance H. Marchbanks, Jr., [[??]] 332nd group flight surgeon, who is expected to become 477th flight surgeon; Major Gleed, [[returned? for?] group operations post. Major Andrew [[Turner?]] of Washington, [former? commander? of the 100th?]] Fighter Squadron of the [[322nd?]]. Major Campbell, commanding officer of the [[?]] Fighter Squadron, Major Thomas [[?]] of Chicago, [[former? 322nd? ?]] Captain [[? Johnson?, former ? squadron? adjutant? Captain? William? Thomposon? former? group? ?]] officer, Captain [[Dudley? ?]] of Washington [[former? ?]] group communications officer?, Captain John? ? Beverly? former ? ? intelligence?]] officer. [[Master? Sergent? Charles? ?]]former chief clerk in the [[? ? ? ? group? and? the? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?]] Ms Sgt Wendell [[? ? ? ? ? ? ?]] [[Ms? Sgt? Alexander? Crawford? 332nd? ? ?]] [[Ms? Sgt? Otis? C? Curtis? ? Sgt? Robert? E? Hunter?]] [[T? Sgt? Dennis? P? Tierney?;? Sgt? Joseph? C? Howard? Jr?, M/ Sgt? Morris? Johnson? ? Sgt? Samuel? ? T? Sgt? ? James?, T? Sgt? Thomas? ? James?, T? Sgt? Thomas? ? ?, ? Sgt? Georger? W? Jackson? and? Sgt? ? ? ?]] SERVICE GROUP [[CADRE?]] Major James? ? ? ? officers? out? of? the? ? Air? Services? Group? to? assist? him?]] in organizing a new service group. [[With? these? officers? ? ? any? enlisted? men? are? to? follow?]] Major [[Jones]], Captain [[Omar? Blair?]] of Los Angeles, former commanding officer of the [[332?]] air material squadron of the 332d group, Captain John [[?]] Williams of Los Angeles [[end column 3]] [[begin next column (4)]] former commander of the [[?]] air engineering squadron of the group. [[1st? Lt? William? D? ? Jr.]] former group adjutant and Captain [[? ? Carter?, former? ? ? squadron?]] officer. [[? Sgt? Lonnie? Br?, ? Sgt? ? ?, ? Sgt? Johnny? C? Whit?, Cpl?Nathaniel? ?, ? Sgt? Harold? ?, T? Sgt? Joseph? Summers? , ? Sgt? ? J? Moore?, T? Sgt? Walter? ? White?, Sgt Clarence? L? ?, and Sgt? Herbert? White?]] These men who have been [[interviewed?]] said they expect to se service in the Pacific theater and that they all volunteered for such service. ROBERTS COMMANDS Although the 332nd is no longer operating in Italy officers had to ? ? ? ? ? ?. Major George [[S? Roberts? of P? W? Va.,]] former [[deputy? commander? of the 332nd? ? ? ?]] when Col. Davis left. He appointed Captain Robert [[Friend? of? Philadelphia?, former assistant? operations? officer? to succeed? ? ?]] as operations officer. Captain Arnold [[Maloney? succeeded? Major? Marchbanks? as? group? flight? surgeon? Captain? ? Brown succeeded? Major? Turner? as? ? commander?, and? Captain Wendell? ? succeeded? Major? Campbell? as ? commander?]] Major [[Charles? McDonald? became? commandefr? of the 332nd? Air? Service? Group?. ON FURLOUGH Most of the returned men are now enjoying furloughs after which they will report to Godman Field to begin [[? ? ? ?]] Col. Davis is expected to [[take? over? following? the? announcement? and? attending? ? on? Thursday? afternoon?]] Because of War Departments restrictions [[some? of? this? information? ? ?]] pending the official announcement Thursday. However dependable [[? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?]] the pattern described here. This is considered by many in the Air Forces [[? ? ? ? ? ? ?]] which developed as a result of the [[? which? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ]] The [[word? some? time? ago? ? ? one? hundred? Negro? officers? of? the? group? ? ? ? officer's? club? which? was? being? maintained?" exclusively? for white? officers? ? ? ? ? ? ?]] in the future Col [[?]] command or Negro troops. It is being [[speculated? around? Washington?? that? Col? Davis? is expected? to? be? promoted? to Brigadier? General? as? a result? of? his? new? assignment?. There? is? no? confirmation? of? this?" report?.]] When asked how he liked his new [[? command?, Col Davis? who? could? not? describe? the nature? the job? simply? said? "It's? better? than? sitting? down? doing? nothing?."]] Mr Truman Gibson added that the new job [[carries? tremendous?]] responsibilities for Col. Davis [[end article, end column 4]] [[begin column 5]] [[two column (5 & 6) headline]] Text of Statement By General Eaker STAFF CORRESPONDENT GODMAN FIELD, Ky. — Following is the text of the statement by Lieutenant General Truman C. Eaker, acting commanding general Army Air Forces, to officers and men of the 477th Bombarment Group here, on Thursday afternoon, June 21. "The farther up one goes into the chain of command, the [[more?]] frequently he has opportunity to visit in the field with [[units?]] and to talk with officers and enlisted men. "The fact that those of us who have been at this flying business for a long time cannot get around as often as we desire is no indication of any lack of interest on our part. We steal as much time away from our [[?]] as we possibly can to get with you, and we at all times follow you with interest. CITES FLIERS' RECORDS "Along with other officers to the Army Air Forces, I have followed closely the record of Negro pilots. As the commanding officer of the Mediterranean Allied Air Forces, I had under my command the [[99th?]] Fighter [[?]] and later 332d Fighter Group. "I watched closely as the pilots proceeded through the [[P-39?, P-40?, P-47, and P-51 aircraft. I likewise watched their [[assignments? develop? from? routine? but necessary? ? ? ?]] to the important heavy? bomber? close? ? missions?. HIGHEST PRAISE "The [[99th?]] Fighter Squadron and the other [[squadrons?]] of the 332d Fighter Group have done well. They have carried out the [[missions?]] assigned to them and they have destroyed many aircraft both in the air and on the ground. [[inset]] "By their efforts and performance they have won a place of the great Air Force [[team?]]. They came on the hard way. [[/inset]] "The fact of [[discouragement? deaths?]] and difficulty didn't stop them any more than did the Jerry aircraft or flak that they encountered. They pressed on in the [[?]] and satisfactory accomplishment of the missions assigned them with a [[?]] singleness of purpose. FLIERS ARE "CHAMPS" "They demonstrated in this the stuff from which champions are made. Anybody can [[coast? along? when? the going? is smooth?. It takes heart and guts to push on when the way ahead is rough and rocky. "After what I have seen of the men who fought in my command [[?]] I would be unpleasantly surprised if [[? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?]] and the Air Forces [[?]] be proud. [[inset]] "There is a tough war going on and you are going to be in it. [[/inset]] GET NEW COMMANDER "Changes have been made in this organization that we in headquarters, Army Air Forces, believe will start you off with [[?]] positive advantage. Your new commander, which I am here today to present to you is known to all of you. "I know his as a fighting leader of his en and a group commander of proven worth and ability. He wears the Silver Star and the Distinguished Flying Cross. FIGHTING LEADER "These decorations are evidence that he has been willing to go and take his part in the fighting. Being able to present Colonel Benjamin O. Davis, Jr., to you gives me a great deal of personal pride. "His father, who is with us today, served with me [[?]] years ago in the Philippines. I knew General Davis then a lieutenant colonel, as a [[good? soldier?]], a widely read gentleman, and a friendly couselor to all of us younger officers. "GOOD SOLDIER" "[[Intellectually?]] I found then that he [[possessed?]] a surprising? knowledge of Napoleon, which I am certain he has [[touched?]] up on during his tour of duty in France. "From my observations of Colonel Davis and my close association with him, I can say that the man is a worthy successor [[line]] [[boxed item]] Aims of Airmen in Seven Points What do the officers and men of the 477th Bombardment Group seek? In a paper they have been summed up in seven points: 1. Freedom to advance in accordance with one's abilities, without restriction due to race. 2. Full citizenship in and out of the Army. 3. Freedom from "paternalism" 4. The extension of the identical amenities extended all other persons. 5. Relief from the onus of being "different" requiring special treatment. 6. All of the rights guaranteed all Americans by the law of the land, as well as by the rules of the armed services. 7. Respect for the "human dignity" of all men everywhere. [[/boxed item]] [[line]] [[advertisement]] HIT THAT RHEUMATIC PAIN RIGHT WHER IT HURTS And look at the Silver Lining in those Clouds of Pain The big idea is that you want to feel better. When pain [[? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?]] something that gets at the pain. [[?]] brings you pain-killing help. Now you will feel as good ad others who [[? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?]] only as directed [[First? bottle? purchase? price? refunded?]] if you are not satisfied. [[? ? ?]] [[/advertisement]] [[/column five]] [[column 6]] [[continuation of Text of Statement by General Eaker from column 5]] [[was?]] in the father. TO SELECT OWN STAFF "Colonel Davis will select his own staff. Therefore, those among you who are ambitious can go as far as their ability and the performance will take you. [[indented]] "this group will be repositioned immediately into a composite fighter, bomber group, consisting initially of to B-26 squadrons, and one P 47 squadron. "these squadrons will be [[/indented]] Expanded as an additional personnel become available. GOING TO PACIFIC "the group will furnish close support for our ground forces in the Pacific. "the fighter squadron see elected initially to carry on this new group to the 99th Fighter Squadron. "this particular opportunity [[gives? this? war?]] The organization of Negro pilots committed against the Nazi, TO SEE [[B-25?]] PLANE "just a word about B-25 airplane. I am aware of the many stories circulated about it's [[?]]. Don't let is this talk [[?]] you. The B-25 is a good airplane. "Gen. George C Kenny and other commanders feel very strongly that there are many places in that war over there for this type of aircraft can be advantageously used. "in both Italy and the Philippines our [[medium?]] bomber groups have [[urged?]] us to let them keep the B-25's as long as they last. They have this airplane — [[? ?] which have use it against the Germans and Japs. GO OVERSEAS THIS FALL "we hope to start you off to the war in the fall. From here on you are on your own. Your success in training and in [[combat?]] means that the forward start give the Negroes in the Air Force by the 332d in the Mediterranean Theatre of operations Will be accelerated. [[indented]] "those of us who have watched Negro flyers have every confidence in you." [[/indented]] [[line]] Eisenhower Praises Valor of Tan Yanks Pays Tribute to 2,600 Who Volunteered for Combat Duty By Randolph [[Dor?]] ANP War Correspondent PARIS, France — General of the Army Dwight D. Eisenhower praised the contribution of Negro soldiers two final victory in Europe during his farewell address to accredited war correspondents. The general explain that he does not differentiate between soldiers as to whether they are allied Negro or Hawaii. "To me a soldier is a soldier. "the Negro soldier in the European Theater of operations have performed equally as well as other soldiers," he explained. "They have done their jobs" He recalled how 2,600 Negro soldiers volunteered for combat duty last November of which he called "the most critical period of the war." "My [[?]] officers have reported to me that their work was excellent," he added.l "fRom all of my commanders, I have received an admirable accounting of the efficiency. Gen. Eisenhower's complete statement was as follows: "to start with I would like to say at first I do not differentiate among soldiers. I do not save white soldiers or Negro soldiers and I do not site American or [[British?]] Soldiers. To my mind I have had a task in this war that makes me look upon soldiers as soldiers. FRONT LINE SERVICE "Now, I have seen Negro soldiers in this war, and I have many reports on their work where they have rendered a very valuable contributions and some of them with the greatest enthusiasm. In late November when we were running short of reinforcements and replacements some 2600 Negro soldiers volunteered for front line service and then did good work. All my commanders reported that these volunteers did excellent work. "but they're major job has been two services or supplies, [[engineer? ?]], quartermastery and ordinance units. There, so far as I know and certainly as far as any official reports show, they have performed equally with [[every?]] Kind of ordinance [[batalloins?]], quartermaster battalions and services battalions. They have done their job and they have done the job given them." [[line]] Young Man Drowns NORFOLK — Joseph Thomas [[Byrd?]], 18, [[900 Montebello? Avenue?]] Was accidentally drowned while swimming off York Street Bridge Saturday. A United States Coast Guard boat dragged for the body without results. It was later recovered by [[C? H? Walker?]] who lives in the [[?]] of [[428?]] York street. Mr. Walker used a pair of oyster tongs to bring the body to the surface. The victim's parents were on on the scene when he was dragged from the water. [[/column 6]] [[column 7]] Bakground of 447th's Long Difficulties Special Correspondent WASHINGTON, D. C. — assumption of command of the 477TH Composite Group buy Col. Benjamin O. Davis Jr. Will rescues this firebomber group from the difficulties which have beset the reconstituted unit since shortly after the bomber group was activated. These difficulties have centered chiefly around the [[guidelines?]] of use of the officers' clubs, although Army regulations provide that no officers' club or mess Will be permitted buy a post commander to occupy any building on a post if any officer on duty at the post is denied the right to full membership. EVASION ATTEMPTED Efforts to evade the regulation through the established ent of separate facilities for white and [[? officers? or? ? instructor?]] Officers and student officers, were [[? ?]] The three fields at which see 477th Bombardment Group has been stationed. By a strange coincidence, the instructor officers have all been white and the student officers colored. SELWAY BLAMED Col. Robert Selway Jr., a native of Wyoming and a graduate of West Point, who has commanded the group since its activation, has been blamed by the student officers for attempting to impose race segregation, first at Godman Field, Ky., then at Selfridge Field, Mich., and at Freeman Field, Ind. Responsible voices however doubt that he would have been so persistent without the backing of Major General Frank O'D. Hunter, commanding general of the First Air Force, in which Godman, Selfridge, and Freeman Fields are situated. CLIMAX REACHED At Freeman Field a climax was reached on April twelfth, when [[101?]] officers were arrested for refusing to sign a statement that they had [[read?] a base order restricting student officers to the use of a separate officers' club. That base regulation, [[?]] by Colonel Selway, covered the assignment of housing, messing, and recreational facilities. ARRESTED TWICE The next day they were flown to Godman Field. Several colored officers had attempted to enter the officers' club on the night of April 5th and 6th. Sixty-one of them were arrested and liberties were restored to all of them except three who were charged with "jostling and officer" in their attempt to enter the club. After the [[men's]] arrest on April [[12?]], the War Department entered into the situation and, as a result, the [[101?]] officers were released and an investigation was undertaken by the War Department. Since then the War Department has refused to comment on the report which has been in its possession for several weeks. [[line]] Ousted Flat Hat Editor Honored By Associated Negro Press NEW YORK--Marilyn Kaemmerle, former editor of William and Mary College's "Flat Hat," who caused a furor of national proportions by advocating in Virginia a more liberal viewpoint towards matters pertaining to racial questions, was in New York this week planning to go into newspaper and publicity work on a full-time basis. Mrs. Kaemmerle, who predicted several months ago that Negro and white Americans would some day mingle together freely, was guest of honor last Friday night when the People's Voice and the Amsterdam News, [[units?]] of the New York Newspaper Guild, entertained in honor of Pittsburgh Courier employee for joining the American Newspaper Guild. "I believed as many do," the Kentucky-born Mrs. Kaemmerle said, "that there was no difference in the races and that discrimination was wrong. Everything I said in that editorial could have been gotten from any one of hundreds of books in our library at the college." [[advertisement]] 400 CHOICE LOTS FOR SALE in the Broad Creek Road Section $175.00 and up Cash or Terms J. V. MOORMAN Real Estate Broker [[?]] St. Dial [[?]] [[/advertisement]] [[/column 7]] [[column 8]] [[image - photo of man in uniform]] [[caption]] LT. [[PERKINS?]] [[/caption]] [[headline]] 3 Tidewater Officers Return From Overseas [[/headline]] NORFOLK -- Three Tidewater servicemen returned from overseas ? last weekend on a troopship from Europe. They were 1st Lt. [[Sanford Perkins?]] of [[?]] West [[Avenue?]], Norfolk; Capt. Roger [[B. Kyles?]], a Norfolk native now living in Washington; and Lt. [[Walter? ?-man]], a [[?]] native now residing in Washington. Lt. [[Perkins?]], now here on [[20?]]-days leave, flew [[64?]] missions with the 332nd Fighter Group from [[?]] [[bases?]] in Italy. He was overseas exactly one year. Capt. [[Kyles?]] is the son of Roger [[Kyles?]] Sr. of Howard University and is the husband of Mrs. [[?]] [[?]] of this city. He was with the [[?]] Infantry and was injured last December [[18?]] in the [[?]] breakthrough in Italy by enemy artillery. He is now on limited duty, assigned to the [[?]] Engineering Battalion (general services as an intelligence officer. Lt. [[Perkins?]] flew [[56?]] missions with the [[?]] Group, but prior to his return to the States had been assigned for two months to duty [[?]]. He went overseas in January, 1944 with the original 332nd. He holds the[[Air?]] Medal. Lt. [[Perkins?]] went over later as a replacement pilot. He holds the Air Medal and two Oak Leaf Clusters to [[?]] of additional [[?]]. When he arrived here he saw his baby, [[Brian Winton Perkins?]], [[?]] months old, for the first time, having been fighting the Nazis when the baby was born. [[headline]] 477th Bomber Group Makes Fine Record [[/headline]] By A Staff Correspondent GODMAN FIELD, Ky. -- The 477th Bombardment Group [[stationed?]] here is composed of members from all of the 48 states of the union. In this way it represents a real cross section of the Negro population of the nation. A good many of the men are college graduates and [[43?]] here had post graduate work. [[?]] of few of the men flew Mustangs in Italy in the thick of the battle for the defeat of the Nazis. Another interesting fact about the group is that all enlisted personnel in the group and, [[85?]] per cent of the pilots, navigators, and bombardiers, or officers, are colored. The outgoing commanding officer, Col. Robert R. Selway Jr., is a [[1924?]] West Point graduate. Col. Benjamin O. Davis Jr., the new commander, is also a West Pointer. FINE RECORD This group has an exceptional safety record. In [[?]] hours of flying, up to last March, they had a total of only four minor incidents, and not a single fatality. And actually they had flown 11,000 hours before their first minor accident. Two weeks ago they had their first fatality. To add to this excellent record, two enlisted men some time ago broke the gunnery record of the gunnery school at Yuma, Ariz. They are S. Sgt. Alfred [[M -?]], Middleton, Ohio, and S. Sgt. William [[Austin?]], of Chicago, Il., who beat the record by [[30?]] per cent. Both men were awarded silver bracelets for their performance. [[advertisement]] John J. Shanahan QUALITY PLUMBING CERTIFIED HEATING [[?]] [[?]] STREET [[/advertisement]] [[advertisement]] Bring Your Dental Problems To Us No Appointment Necessary Standard [[curved text]] UNITED [[/curved text]] Dental Corp. DENTISTS Granby at Main St. [[/advertisement]] [[/column 8]] Davis B006 F007 1 sh2of2
mandc: Parts of this scan are unreadable or nearly so. Lots of guesses as to names and group numbers. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Benjamin_O._Davis_Jr. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mediterranean_Allied_Air_Forces https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Curtiss_P-40_Warhawk https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Republic_P-47_Thunderbolt Kelli R - When I can I have looked up names and other information in order to confirm the spelling and identification. E.g. Marilyn Kaemmerle, former editor of William and Mary College's "Flat Hat,"