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Chicago Defender
World's Greatest Weekly
NATIONAL
Copyright 1955 by the Robert S. Abbott Pub. Co.,3435 Madison Ave, Calumet 3- 3432

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50th YEAR OF PUBLICATION
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15ยข and WORTH IT
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 VOL L - NO. 36
CHICAGO, ILLINOIS - SATURDAY, JANUARY 8, 1955
*** THIS PAPER CONSISTS OF TWO PARTS - PART ONE

Jane Spaulding Gets $42.50 Per Day FOA Job

Ella Sues Pan-Am for $270,000

Chicago Defender 1954 Honor Roll
[[images: photos of 9 noteworthy people, including one of President Eisenhower and one of Gen B.O. Davis, Jr.]] [[captions]] WILLIE MAYS
DR. MARGARET BUTCHER
PRESIDENT EISENHOWER
REP. CHARLES DIGGS
ATTY. CHARLES MAHONEY
CAPT. HARVEY ALSTON
MARJORIE JOYNER
ED SULLIVAN
GEN. B. O. DAVIS, JR. [[/captions]]

11 Individuals, 3 Groups Cited
Eleven individuals, two organizations and the U.S. Supreme Court were cited by the CHICAGO DEFENDER on its annual honor roll this week.

Of the 11 individuals named by Publisher John H. Sengstacke, two are women and four, including President Eisenhower, are white.

A citation by the CHICAGO DEFENDER, which is celebrating its fiftieth anniversary this year, is one of the most highly-prized in the field of race relations awards because of the strategic ability of the paper to appraise the national scene from a Negro viewpoint.

The Honor Roll Follows:
Rep. Charles Diggs of Detroit
For his election as Michigan's first Negro Congressman and making the first time since Reconstruction there has been three Negroes in Congress at the same time.

Atty. Charles Mahoney
For his selection as the first Negro full delegate to the United Nations General Assembly from the United States.

William Bradford Huie
Distinguished author who battled for justice in Florida's Ruby McCollum case and went to jail for contempt of Florida authorities.

Marjorie Stewart Joyner
For her leadership and imagination in arranging for and carrying out plans for the National Beauticians' League to hold its convention in Paris and London; the first such undertaking ever ventured by a Negro organization in the United States.

Harvey J. Alston
Who, by competitive examination, qualified for and has been appointed inspector for the Police force of Columbus, Ohio, the second in command, and the highest civil service position ever obtained by a Negro in a local police force in a major city.

Rev. Henry A. Buchannan
For his courage in urging that the congregations observe the Supreme Court decision of May 12 for which he was ousted from the pastorate of three Georgia churches.

President Eisenhower
For his hospitality to Emperor Haille Selassie and President William V S. Tubman and general recognition of Negro ability in his administration.

Gen. Benjamin O. Davis Jr.
For being elevated to the rank of brig. general, the first Negro to hold this rank in the United States Army Air Force.

Willie Mays
For his outstanding record of performance with the New York Giants Baseball team which resulted in his selection as the Most Valuable Player in the National League and for winning the Athlete of the Year Award.

Dr. Margaret Just Butcher
Professor of English, Howard University - for her [?] fight to end segregation in Washington schools and after the Supreme Court decision of May 12 pressing for speedy and fair integration.

Ed Sullivan
For his forthright statements in behalf of democracy and for his demonstration of democratic beliefs in the programming of his weekly television show.

Regional Council Of Negro Leadership of Mississippi
For rallying the people of Mississippi against the subversive effort to overthrow the United Supreme Court mandate to integrate the public schools of Mississippi and the South.

The U.S. Supreme Court
For its historic decision on May 17 ruling the separate and equal theory unconstitutional.

World Council Of Churches
For its demonstration of democratic principles through the election of Negro clergymen to high executive positions and for its resolutions touching upon racial matters.

Nichols Gives Up Funds For Wilberforce

PHILADELPHIA - (ANP) - Although AME Bishop D. Ward Nichols recently turned over the $3,500 he has been withholding from Wilberforce college in escrow, the controversy over the funds raged on.

The Rev. William P. Stevenson, veteran AME clergyman, in a published letter said the church had "been lenient in not bringing Nichols to trial, because he had held back the money for over six months."

Reverend Stevenson inferred that Bishop Nichols was still withholding some $30,000.

Reverend Stevenson accused Bishop Nichols of withholding the $3,500 for personal reasons rather than dissatisfaction with the college's administration.

In the fall the AME prelate was attacked and publicly denounced by Wilberforce President Charles L. Hill for keeping the funds in escrow. 

Bishop Nichols [[??]] lashed out at Hill calling him "[[??]], uneconomical and unintelligent concerning things financial."

[[image - photo of Johnny Ace]] 
[[caption]] JOHNNY ACE [[/caption]]
Juke Star Johnny Ace Kills Self
HOUSTON, Texas - Sitting on the lap of his pretty girlfriend, singer Johnny Ace shot himself in the head in his dressing room at City Auditorium here Christmas night. He tumbled from his girl's lap, mumbling, "I told you I'd do it," and died.

According to witnesses Ace, one of the country's most popular blues singers, was playing Russian Roulette with a .22 caliber pistol when the tragedy occurred.

One of the witnesses in the shooting was Big Willie Mae Thornton, the songstress, who gained fame singing the hit recording of "Hound Dog." Other witnesses included Joe Hammond, a local ballad singer; Mrs. Mary Carter, and Olivia Gibbs, allegedly Ace's girlfriend.

Police said after finishing his act at the City Auditorium, Ace went to his dressing room. He picked up the gun, police stated, and started pulling the trigger while pointing it at the temple of other artists in his room.

It was while he was sitting on the lap of Miss Gibbs, police said, that he fatally shot himself, then slumped to the floor gasping for breath, mumbling, "I told you I'd do it. You wouldn't believe me." Seconds later he was dead.

Johnny Ace, born in Memphis, skyrocketed to fame in Chicago two years ago on his hit recording of "My Song," which had sold 49,000 advance copies in Chicago before even the first pressing. He had had at least a dozen additional hits and this year was [[??]] along with Joe Turner, as the most "programmed" rhythm and blues vocalist in the country.
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Marian Anderson To Make Opera Debut
NEW YORK - Marian Anderson will make her Metropolitan Opera debut Friday evening, January 7. The diva will enact the role of Ulrica in Verdi's "Un Ballo en Maschera," which is being unshelved after a six-season absence.

[[image - photo of Olga James]]
[[caption]] EACH YEAR some unknown personality soars to unheralded heights in the entertainment world. In the year just past, Olga James (above) captured such fame with her singing role in 20th Century Fox's "Carmen Jones," first big time, Cinemascope, stereophonic, technicolor all-Negro motion picture produced in Hollywood.

African, Asiatic Leaders To Meet
BOGOR, Indonesia - Prime Ministers of five South Asian powers agreed last week to sponsor a world peace conference next April, with 30 African and Asian powers participating. Japan and Red China were included but Nationalist China was omitted.

The conference was arranged during a two-day session here between the Premiers of India, Pakistan, Burma, Ceylon and Indonesia. It is scheduled to take place the last week in April.

No site for the conference has been selected. Observers believe, however, that Banodeng, provincial capital of West Java, will most likely be picked.

Ali Sastroamidjojo, Indonesia's prime minister, said the conference is not aimed against any [[??]] block, but is designed only to aid world peace.

Mohammed Ali, Pakistan, said they hoped to draw up an agenda for a larger convention of African and Asian nations in March and [[??]] the committee to be invited to it.

The five sponsoring powers failed to agree immediately on all subjects discussed. One of the debatable topics turned out to be Red China. Some felt that Red China's presence would cause other nations to decline an invitation.

India was known to favor inviting Red China. Pakistan wen 

see AFRICAN, Page 2
[[underlined]] Organize to fight [[/underlined]]
DIXIE CREDIT FREEZE
NAACP Asks Ike for Conference
By Alex Wilson
(SEE STORIES ON PAGE 3)
MEMPHIS - While the NAACP was calling on President Eisenhower for help in their fight against economic reprisals in Mississippi growing out of the school desegregation order, mid-south leaders last weak mapped plans to counter the "freeze" with a "war chest."

Spearheading the drive to have organizations and individuals throughout America place a million dollars in the TriState Bank of Memphis are the NAACP and the Regional Council of Negro Leadership of Mississippi.

The money will be lent at regular rates of interest to property owners and businessmen who have been denied credit in Mississippi by [[illegible]].

Meanwhile, in a telegram to the White House, Dr. [[Illegible]] chairman of the board of directors of the NAACP asked the President for a conference "to present factual evidence and a full discussion of the new threat to the well-being of the country."

"Negro leadership in Mississippi", the NAACP message

See Freeze, Page 3
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Ella, 3 Aids Sue Pan-American
NEW YORK - Ella Fitzgerald, one of the country's leading female vocalists, and three members of her staff have sued Pan American World Airways, Inc., for $270,000 damages.

The plaintiffs claim that on a flight from San Francisco to Sydney, Australia, they were stranded in Honolulu for three days because of unjust discrimination and "unreasonable" prejudice.

Ella, who had been enroute to Sydney for a series of concerts, was unable to fill several of her engagements because of the delay, the suit charged.

Pan American blamed the incident on a mixup in reservations and denied prejudice was involved.

The suit charged "the refusal was willful and malicious and was motivated by prejudice against the plaintiffs . 
. . because of their race and color."

Miss Fitzgerald and her aides said they were further "humiliated and embarrassed" when not allowed even to reboard the plane to retrieve personal articles."
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$30 Billion Cost of Bias Says Roper
NEW YORK - Discrimination is costing Americans [[illegible]]

This was [[??]] last week by Elmo Roper, public opinion [[illegible]] the National Conference of Christians and Jews.

In addition to losses by industry, Roper wrote, the government loses $3,500,000,000 in taxes it would have collected and also pays for extra services in areas where victims of racial, religious discrimination live.

The same day this statement was issued by the NAACP, Labor Secretary James P. Mitchel said the United States must eliminate job discrimination based on age, handicaps, racial and religious prejudice.

In a speech to the Kappa Alpha Psi fraternity at Howard university, he said: "We cannot afford prejudice."

In the NCCJ pamphlet, Roper further stated: 

"If you take into account the purchasing power which is denied minority groups by low wages; if you add the possible contribution to society by workers of minority groups who could move into high 
See ROPER, Page 2
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Whitfield Wins Sullivan Award
New York - The barrier has been broken.

Mal Whitfield, greatest half miler in the history of track, has been named the winner of the James E. Sullivan Memorial Award as the outstanding amateur in the United States in the year of 1954.

The 30-year-old Whitfield, winner of the 800 meters in the 1948 and 1952 Olympics, was the choice of 352 of the 851 ballots cast in the national wide tribunal of sports authorities in the 25th annual poll.

Jane Spaulding Gets Third Top-Level Job
WASHINGTON - Jane M. Spaulding, the problem child of the Eisenhower administration has been appointed to her third top government post in twenty one months.

A spokesman for Director Harold E. Stassen of the Foreign Operations Administration said Wednesday that the West Virginia Republican leader has been named consultant to F.O.A. at a per diem pay rate of $12.50.

The spokesman added that Mrs. Spaulding has been at her desk with the agency since Monday.

Mrs. Spaulding's new appointment came as she was becoming the storm center of an impending controversy between the Eisenhower administration and the Nation-
[[image - photo of Jane Spaulding]]
[[image - photo of Mrs. Oveta Culp Hobby]] 
See Spaulding, Page 2
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