Viewing page 55 of 222

[[image - black & white photograph of students attending Roy Wilkins birthday celebration]]

largest, most experienced, most successful, most consulted, most feared of all civil rights organizations."

It was Mr. Wilkins who introduced a pension plan for NAACP employees. Previously, there had been no retirement plan. However, the Board of Directors, on occasion, voted an annual stipend to a former employee who had resigned or retired after long years of work for the Association. Also, it was during the Wilkins regime that the NAACP Special Contribution Fund was established. Contributions to this fund are tax-deductible for income-tax purposes whereas membership in and contributions to the Association proper are not deductible because the Association is engaged in afforts to influence legislation and maintains a Washington Bureau for that purpose. Gifts to the Special Contribution fund may not be used for any legislative or political purpose or to maintain the NAACP as an organization.

Other highlights during the 40 years of the Wilkins service to the NAACP, the Negro race and the nation have been important Supreme Court decisions that clearly upheld the black man's right to participate fully in American society and the landmark legislation enacted by the Congress during the Sixties. Included in these are the following:

The Smith v. Allwright decision in which the Supreme Court of the United States ruled that the State of Texas could not bar Negro voters from participation in the Democratic party primary elections, 1944;

The McGhee v. Sipes case in which the Supreme Court ruled that racially restrictive covenants are unenforceable in courts of law, 1948.

The Supreme Court ruling in the Heman Sweatt case opening up state-financed universities to Negro applicants, 1950;

The Brown v. Board of Education, Topeka, Kansas, decision in which the Supreme Court banned segregation in public education, 1954; and

The Civil Rights Act, 1957, 1960 and 1964; the Voting Rights Act, 1965 and its extension, 1970; and the Civil Rights Act, with its Fair Housing provision, 1968.

Transcription Notes:
First word - "oldest" - included in full on previous page (page 55)

Please note that the language and terminology used in this collection reflects the context and culture of the time of its creation, and may include culturally sensitive information. As an historical document, its contents may be at odds with contemporary views and terminology. The information within this collection does not reflect the views of the Smithsonian Institution, but is available in its original form to facilitate research. For questions or comments regarding sensitive content, access, and use related to this collection, please contact