Viewing page 26 of 101

Allies Warned by Truman

He Sees Danger of Middle East Clash
By Robert G. Nixon

Soldier field, Chicago, April 6 (INS). President Truman served notice today that the United Nations will insist on the "sovereignty and integrity" of Iran and all other small states of the Near and Middle East.
He warned both Russia and Britain that these areas form a danger zone where the great powers must conduct themselves in a spirit of peace.
In his Army Day address, the President said that intense rivalry between outside powers in the Middle East "might suddenly erupt into conflict."
But, he declared:
"No country, great or small, has legitimate interests in the Near and Middle East which cannot be reconciled with the interests of other nations through the United Nations."
He asserted the United Nations have a right to insist that the nations of that area "must not be threatened by coercion or penetration."
Truman declared that in the Far East, as well, the U. S. expects the Soviet Union and the British Commonwealth to understand that America's objectives are dedicated to peace. He added:
"And we shall expect them to pursue the same objectives."
The President made his forthright enunciation of U. S. foreign policy before an audience estimated at around 100,000 persons in Soldier Field, where he went after reviewing a parade of U. S. military might on windy Michigan Ave.
He was preceded on the speakers' stand by Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower, the Chief of Staff, and Secretary of War Patterson. Eisenhower said the allied goal was renunciation of war and Patterson warned that peace must be enforced because "there are millions who hate us for our victory."
Truman chose Army Day - the 29th anniversary of America's entry into the World War I - as the occasion for his most vigorous and challenging statement of the nation's place in world affairs since he became President just six days short of a year ago.
Strong as Any Nation
He said the U.S. is today as strong militarily as any other nation in the world and that it must remain as strong in order to assure continued peace in the world.  He said the U.S. would be the first target of new aggressors and demanded unification of all armed forces, extension of the Selective Service Act and universal training.
  He said:
   "We have won the war; we must now make the victory secure. The process is long and exacting.  It requires an army of many men. And that army of many men can be continuously and adequately supplied for another year only by the Selective Service Act."
The President announced the 
  Continued on Page 26.

17 Police Lieutenants Put Back Into Uniform
  By Erwin Savelson
  Police Commissioner Wallander resumed his reshuffling of confidential agents and headquarters men yesterday as the drive on gambling overlords continued in full force - with plainclothesmen and detectives ranging all over town, from the Jamaica racetrack to the corner store.
   Seventeen lieutenants were taken from desk jobs and sent back to uniform duty in transfers ordered by the commissioner.
   This shift was not linked with Mayor O'Dwyer's gambling drive. Police made it clear that the lieutenants and others were moved to new assignments as a result of Wallander's determination to elevate younger men.
   Affects 5 Divisions
  Wallander's latest move affected men in five divisions - the 1st, 4th, 11th, 15th, and 19th.
  Thirteen of the lieutenants were transferred from one command to another; three were changed in Wallander's own office; three others in the famed 4th Division - the Confidential Squad now headed by Acting Deputy Chief Inspector Frank Fristensky, Jr. Another acting lieutenant also was included in the move.
  In addition, nine plainclothesmen on the Confidential Squad were sent back to pounding the pavement in uniform. Three of the nine lost the $240 extra pay for serving on the squad.  Fristensky brought in nine men from his old command.
  Five plainclothesmen in Wallander's office were shifted back into uniform. Two lost extra pay of $240 annually.
  In addition, the orders transferred many other policemen in the precincts and brought "younger blood" into those districts.
  The assignments, directed by Chief Inspector Martin Brown, came as he received continuous reports of the week-end campaign to clean up pinball machines and other gambling devices.
  Guard Warehouse
Fristensky's Confidential Squad is specifically trained to combat gamblers and racketeers, and many of its members were at the opening of the Jamaica racetrack yesterday keeping a sharp lookout for pickpockets, bookmakers and police personnel.
  Four of the squad were inside the tract ready to report any policeman who violated Wallander's order not to go there unless on official duty. Seventy
 Continued on Page 26.


 [There is a picture here of President Truman and Mayor Kelly]
Caption - Waving his hat to the huge crowd which welcomed him, President Truman prepares to leave Chicago's Union Station with Mayor Kelly.
                      (International SOUNDphoto)
Truman Favors Vote Age of 18
       by JACK VINCENT

CHICAGO, April 6 (INS). - President Truman said today he favors the vote for 18-year-olds. He took his stand at a lively news conference where teen-age reporters from Chicago's school papers threw many weighty "curve ball" questions at him.
  Probably the first news conference of its kind ever held by a President of the United States, it was a feature of Truman's Army Day visit here.
  When a school reporter asked whether he favored a vote for 18-year-olds, the President answered yes. HE then pointed out that 18-year-olds had been old enough to fight in World War II.
  Between 100 and 150 school reporters, about evenly divided between boys and girls, attended the news conference. Answering a question from a boy in an ROTC uniform, the President said he favors universal military training.
  "It will do you good," he added.
  The conference produced many laughs, but the youthful interrogators asked many ponderous questions. One wanted to know how boys and girls of America could help starving populations abroad. Truman replied:
  "Don't eat so much."
Growing more serious, he said

  Continued on Page 26.

[there is a picture here]
 [under the picture it says]
Blanche Stuart Scott, who flew with Glen Curtiss way back in 1910, marvels at the complex instruments on the Constellation Clipper, with Capt. William Winston explaining their use. Miss Scott, a member of the Early Birds, pioneer pilots' organization, arrived here yesterday t visit the National Aviation Show.                             
(Mirror Photo)
Arrest Critic Waiting Train of President
CHICAGO, April 6 (UP)-
Police and secret service agents dug into the crowd awaiting President Truman at Union Station today and arrested a native of Germany who, they charged, had been writing "bothering" letters to the President.
  Deputy Police Chief Crane identified the man as Curt H. Apel 53. Apel was carrying a brown package, which contained only a soiled shirt.
  Secret Service agents, carrying photographs of the man, accompanied Chicago police in a search of the crowd of 2,000.
  Harry Anheier, Secret Service chief, said they had information that Apel had been writing letters to the President "bothering and threatening" him.
  Apel, police said, refused to make a statement.  He was taken to headquarters for questioning.

Please note that the language and terminology used in this collection reflects the context and culture of the time of its creation, and may include culturally sensitive information. As an historical document, its contents may be at odds with contemporary views and terminology. The information within this collection does not reflect the views of the Smithsonian Institution, but is available in its original form to facilitate research. For questions or comments regarding sensitive content, access, and use related to this collection, please contact