Viewing page 50 of 82

B. Fight for strong military aviation by Brig. Gen. William E. Mitchell and his court-martial.

C. Flights to North Pole: Admiral Richard Byrd flies in a Fokker tri-motor; Roald Amundsen flies in a dirigible.

D. Harry Frank Guggenheim and others support and advance aeronautical science.

E. Charles Augustus Lindbergh makes New York to Paris flight alone in "Spirit of St. Louis". Clarence Duncan Chamberlin flies from New York to Germany. Other flights to Hawaii, Buenos Aires, Tokyo, etc. Flights to Europe over the Arctic. First U.S. to Australia flight via Pacific Ocean.

F. Women in the air: Viola Gentry gains women's solo endurance record flight (1927). Amelia Earhart (1928) flies the Atlantic. Louise McPhetridge Thaden and other women aviatrixes.

G. Round-the-world fliers John Henry Mears and Captain Charles Collyer. Endurance flights of Ira Eaker and Carl Spaatz. Roscoe Turner's transcontinental speed record (1929). Zeppelin round-the-world flight.

H. Pulitzer trophy- effect on aviation advancement.

I. Development of aircraft manufacturing companies.
1. First all-metal airplanes, etc.

J. First airlines come into being.

V. AGE OF COMMERCIAL AVIATION

Full page picture facing editorial text (including statement by key person representative of era) on increase in passenger travel as airlines and aircraft manufacturers expand into an important industry. Airlines begin to blanket the world; aviation becomes big business; competition starts between foreign and domestic airlines; bigger planes are built; fuel becomes critical issue; aircraft part manufacturers and suppliers augment growing aircraft industry; multiplying of airports encourages private aviation; construction of airplane carriers brings Navy more actively into aviation; airmail on national and world-wide basis of accommodates hundreds of millions.

A. Coming of age of airlines (detailed, by companies) and development of transcontinental airplanes.

B. Technological advancements in U.S. and foreign countries (England, France, Germany, Italy, Russia, Japan, etc.)
1. Fritz von Opel builds and flies first jet-propelled rocket airplane (Germany 1929).
2. Invention and great importance of constant speed propeller.
3. Progress in airplane communication systems.
4. Building of better engines as more powerful fuel is developed; coming of superchargers.
5. Improvement of and enlarging airports.

C. Military aviation- before World War II
1. Big advances in war planes- all types.
2. Japan uses war planes in Manchuria and China.
3. Spain and Ethiopia become experimental battlefields for Axis airplanes.
Please note that the language and terminology used in this collection reflects the context and culture of the time of its creation, and may include culturally sensitive information. As an historical document, its contents may be at odds with contemporary views and terminology. The information within this collection does not reflect the views of the Smithsonian Institution, but is available in its original form to facilitate research. For questions or comments regarding sensitive content, access, and use related to this collection, please contact transcribe@si.edu.