Viewing page 115 of 313

President Stratton's Report
In his report to the Corporation this fall, President Julius A. Stratton, '23, described how trends of the day, including increased expenditures for research, are being turned to the advantage of education at M.I.T. The report(copies of which will be sent to many Alumni) dealt also with the state of the social sciences at the Institute, recalled the "magnificent success" of the Centennial celebration, and praised the hard and effective work that Alumni are doing for the Second Century Fund.
The Institute, Dr.Stratton pointed out, has two categories of research programs: Those completely interwoven with its education objective, and some undertaken primarily to fulfill its obligations to the nation, The latter as well as the former, however, are contributing to advances in basic science, fundamental engineering, and education; and the relations between socalled "defense" laboratories and M.I.T's academic departments and interdisciplinary centers are both cordial and beneficial. 
Expenditures for departmental and interdepartmental research have risen more than educational expenditures in the last five years, but teachers and students have constituted an increasing percentage of the personnel engaged in such research. Graduate student enrollment has risen, partly on this account, and undergraduates as well as graduates are now using the large computer and other facilities of M.I.T. research laboratories.
In addition to the Institute's unremitting effort to increase participation of students in significant research programs, it is now engaged in a major program to stimulate improvements in undergraduate teaching. Some departments are experimenting with a tutorial approach this year, and numerous new aids, including take-home laboratory kits for electrical engineering students, are being introduced. some such innovations have been described in previous issues of The Review, and more will be covered in future issues.
In many quarters, Dr. Stratton noted in his report, concern has been expressed lest the current support of science result in starvation of the arts and humanities. But it is questionable, he observed, whether "the cause of the arts would be advanced by imposing limits on the progress of science," or to argue "that money now expended for physics, biology and mathematics would otherwise fall like manna upon college departments of history, philosophy and literature." Instead, he continued, "the example of the sciences ought to set new measures and standards of public and private support in every field of learning."


Technology Square Progresses
GROUND was broken this fall for the first building in the Cambridge area that is being developed as Technology Square by M.I.T. and the Cabot, Cabot & Forbes Company. Two floors of this building will be occupied by an industrial and electronic data-processing firm called C-E-I-R, Inc., which has its headquarters in Washington. It expects to install equipment worth $15.7 million dollars, including a STRETCH computer, and operate the world's largest and most powerful commercial electronic computing center for both industrial and academic users. 

20

Arthur and Ruth Sloan's Gift
A NEW PROFESSORSHIP in political science, with emphasis on African studies, has been endowed by a gift of $500,000 from Dr. and Mrs. Arthur W. Sloan of Washington, D.C. It is the first fully endowed professorship in the MI.I.T. School of Humanities and Social Science, and its holder will work closely with the Center for International Studies. 

Mrs. Sloan, who has a doctorate in history from Western Reserve University, is president and director of Ruth Sloan Associates, a foundation specializing in African affairs. She has served for several years as a member of the Department of State and as director of the African program of the United States Information Agency. 

Dr. A. W. Sloan, a chemist educated at the University of Illinois and Harvard, is chairman of the Board and executive vice-president of the Atlantic Research Corporation, of Alexandria, Va. During World War II he served as requirements officer for the Foreign Economic Administration in Egypt and later was science adviser to the Joint Chiefs of Staff of the Department of Defense. 

The Arthur and Ruth Sloan Professorship is one of eight sought under the Second Century Fund.

The Electric Train's New Rival 
THIS CHRISTMAS you can assure yourself some fun by getting an electronic digital computer for your son. The Minivac 601 being marketed by a group of M.I.T. Alumni costs less than $100, and you will really razzle-dazzle the neighbors. 

With it and a little patience, you can do the same things that are done with big computers - and in the same way. It may take you an hour to wire the machine to add six and seven, but seeing a binary 13 flash at you in red lights is no small thrill. 

The Minivac is a two-foot long box containing a transformer (to reduce 110 volts to 12) and an electric motor (to turn a dial in some experiments). On its surface it has an array of lights, relays, slide switches, push buttons, and 376 holes into which you plug colored wires. Booklets that come with the machine tell you how to hook up flip-flops, convert decimal to binary numbers, use Boolean algebra, play the match game with the machine and so on and on. 

Based on a suggestion of Claude E. Shannon, '40, Donner Professor of Science at M.I.T., it is being marketed by the Scientific Development Corporation in Watertown, Mass. Arnold E. Amstutz, '58, heads the company and his associates include Willard W. Dickerson, Jr., '58, and Raymond E. Jackson, '58. They hope to go on, now that Minivac has been launched, and produce other educational aids. 

Professor Phillips Is 80.
FORMER colleagues and students of Professor Henry Bayard Phillips, a member of the M.I.T. Department of Mathematics for 40 years, met on September 27 at the American Academy of Arts and Science to honor him on his 80th birthday. Professor W.T. Martin was the toastmaster and the speakers included President Julius A. Stratton, '23. Professor Phillips responded with a succinct summary of his career at the Institute and a statement of his philosophy of life, which ended with an optimistic prediction of progress in the future. 

THE TECHNOLOGY REVIEW
Please note that the language and terminology used in this collection reflects the context and culture of the time of its creation, and may include culturally sensitive information. As an historical document, its contents may be at odds with contemporary views and terminology. The information within this collection does not reflect the views of the Smithsonian Institution, but is available in its original form to facilitate research. For questions or comments regarding sensitive content, access, and use related to this collection, please contact transcribe@si.edu.