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[[header]] August, 1931 U. S. AIR SERVICES 19 [[/header]]

endurance, to their ability to stand the strain of nine days of punishment. Post and Gatty have "guts."
The fast time made by these brave flyers was due to several causes. They had a fast airplane, weather conditions did not delay them, and the route they selected was shorter 
than that previously taken by planes.
Not being on diplomatic relations with the Soviet Union, the United States Government in sending its Army planes around the world in 1924 could not route them over Soviet territory. Instead, the flyers, after leaving Alaska, went down through Japan, along the China coast to India, far south of the course taken by Post and Gatty. Due to their zig-zag course the Army flyers traveled 29,000 miles on their World Cruise.
The same usages of international law that acted as a barrier to military airplanes do not restrict non-governmental planes. In 1928 John Mears obtained permission from the Soviet Government to fly across their territory. With Captain Collyer piloting a Fairchild airplane, he traveled from Berlin to Moscow to Kazan to Kurgan to Novo Sibersk to Krasnoyarsk to Chita to Mukden, Manchuria. The Fairchild plane was therefore the first American airplane and Collyer and Mears were the first Americans to cross Russia by air.
With the example of Mears and Collyer as a precedent, Post and Gatty had little difficulty in obtaining similar permission to fly over Soviet territory. They followed substantially the same path, though with different landing places, as did the earlier flyers. By thus keeping to the north on a path which was roughly along the fiftieth parallel all the way from Harbor Grace to Edmonton, the route of Post and Gatty was only 15,280 miles in length.
No exact figures have ever been promulgated by the officers of the [[italic]] Graf Zeppelin [[/italic]] as to the length of her cruise but it may be safely assumed that her mileage was not greatly in excess of that of Post and Gatty.
The performance of the [[italic]] Lockheed Vega [[/italic]] is too well known to need comment. The average speed of the Lockheed was 145 miles an hour.
The fact that weather played so little importance in the Post and Gatty trip is in itself an exceptional tribute to the airplane and the flyers. The weather was not good. At times the storms and clouds were so bad that other flyers would have been forced down. Undaunted, however, Post kept onward towards his goal.
It is interesting to speculate what influence this trip will have on the rulemakers. Right at the start of airplane racing and the establishing of records it was realized that a tail wind would be a help in making speed, while a head wind would be a hinderance. To circumvent and neutralize the effect of wind, the rule makers decided that all speed records should be made over a closed course, the idea being that if a wind was a help on one leg it would  be a hindrance on the other legs of the closed course. Post and Gatty have just completed one lap around the biggest race-course in the world. They returned to their starting point so they can not be accused of traveling on a straight-away course. They have traveled around a "closed" course, more miles in the fewest number of hours than has ever been accomplished before.

Tenth Annual Convention of the N. A. A.

The tenth annual convention of the National Aeronautic Association was held in Washington, D. C., on July 23 and 24. The delegates were received by President Hoover in the White House grounds, and he also wrote a letter to the president of the association, Senator Hiram Bingham, congratulating the organization on its work in promoting interest in aeronautics throughout the United States. There was a dinner in the Hotel Mayflower at which Frank Hawks was to be the principal speaker, but he was in the midst of completing his record round-trip flights from New York to Cuba when the perfectos were lighted. It was a good excuse, but there was no refund to the $5 diners, no flight checks were distributed among them. It is doubtful, however, if any present would have accepted money. All felt that for Hawks to be making three new records while they absorbed breast of chicken to inspiring music, was the next best thing to having him make a speech. Also, there was plenty of talent on hand, and the guests were entertained until midnight. Introduced by the president, the speakers included Porter Adams, Grover Loening, Sumner Foster, president of the Harvard Flying Club, Godfrey L. Cabot, Charles L. Lawrance, General Foulois, James G. Ray, Amelia Earhart, and the Air Attache of the British Embassy, whose name in full appears on the editorial page this month and is not repeated here for lack of space. All Englishmen make good speeches.
Those delegates who could do so made reservations for a trip by steamer to Langley Field. There were other trips to the Washington Airport and Bolling Field, and flights over Washington for those who were sufficiently airminded.
Senator Bingham was reelected to serve his third term as president. the other officers were re-elected as follows: Amelia Earhart, vice-president, Ralph Badger, secretary, and John F. Victory, treasurer. C. F. Lienesch of California was elected to the important post of Governor-at-large, succeeding Col. Benjamin F. Castle, and was also re-elected vice-president of the 9th District. Emory Bronte of San Francisco was named to succeed Mr. Lienesch as governor of California. Included among state governors re-elected were: L. S. Horner, Connecticut; Henry B. duPont, Delaware; P. G. Kemp, Illinois; Ray Cooper, Michigan; Dwight Morrow, New Jersey; Charles L. Lawrance, New York; and W. Lawrance Saunders, Pennsylvania. New governors named included A. B. Lambert, Missouri; Winship Nunnally, Georgia; Robert Kloeppel, Florida; William C. Young, Ohio, and Earl Ewing, Colorado.
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