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COLLEGE GRIT
October 18, 1933
3

SIGMA DELTA KAPPA
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Alpha Rho chapter held its first regular meeting of the present school year at the home of Brother Nicholas J. Halpine, on the night of September 29. The principal feature of the meeting was the annual election of officers.

In recognition of his services as a pioneer organizer of Alpha Rho chapter at the Washington College of Law. Brother Nicholas J. Halpine was unanimously elected chancellor of Apha Rho following his nomination by Brother Carl S. McCarthy. The other offices of the chapter were filled as follows: Brother George H. Folsom, vice-chancellor; Brother Paul H. Salomon, secretary; Brother Donald G. Welsh, treasurer; and Brother Charles Towle, bailiff. The newly elected officers will be formally inducted at the next regular meeting to be held October 27.

Brothers Bailey and Grove of Mu chapter, National University, were also present at the meeting. They represented an alumni committee of Sigma Delta Kappa fraternity which is planning an inter-chapter dance to be given at the Kennedy-Warren, October 21. Present indications point to a fine attendance and a corking good time.

An informal discussion took place on various phases of the National Convention of all Sigma Delta Kappa chapters to be held in Chicago shortly after Christmas.

Then, after some comment on the courses and professors, and the shortness of the summer vacation just passed, the meeting was adjourned.

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KAPPA BETA PI
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Hearty congratulations to Nell Guinn, Gretta Ruth Palen, and Grace Brown Stiles, who passed the June bar examination.

Vera Leichman has gone to China to spend two years with her husband who is stationed in Tientsin. Vera will be greatly missed by Epsilon.

Mary E. Fowler has recently undergone an operation of appendicitis.

The Kappa Beta Pi scholarship for postgraduate work in the Washington College of Law was awarded to Anna Fratantuono.

Gretta Ruth Palen has returned to Washington from her home in Kansas City to be admitted to the bar.

Hazel Cairns was elected vice-president of the 1934 class at the regular class election.

Anna Mae Smith has been visiting her mother in New York for the past two months but we hope she will return soon.

Elna Anderson enjoyed an extended vacation this summer at her home in Minnesota after visiting the Fair in Chicago.

LAW BOOKS
New and Second Hand

call on
John Byrne & Co.
1324 Eye St. N.W.
Phone National 0114

"Helps for Law Students" -- Free


SIGMA NU PHI
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The smoker held Saturday, October 14, at the fraternity house marked the beginning of a series of enjoyable activities planned by Theta chapter for the first semester of our school year. The smoker was a huge success, being attended by a large number of guests, faculty and alumni members in addition to the regular active members. The turn-out and general atmosphere of the occasion was a real inspiration, and we truly hold that all members, active and alumni, will continue to support our social activities as evidenced by this first event.

A printed outline of dates and functions to be held during the first semester has been issued. Most members have received a copy to be kept as a reminder. Any who have failed to received one will kindly get in touch with the master of rolls who will be glad to issue as many as are desired. It is the wish of the chapter chancellor that all brothers have a copy of the card, which is quite a convenience in keeping the "dates" straight.

The chapter was very sorry to learn of the accident in which Brother Burgh was slightly injured. We wish him a speedy and complete recovery.

The Dance

Every active member and alumnus is invited to the dance to be given by the chapter in the College halls Saturday evening, October 28. It was a closed affair, and we hope to have a large number present.

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PHI DELTA DELTA
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Beta chapter held the first regular business meeting of the year at the College on Friday, October 6, 1933. Plans for the year were discussed and announcement was made of the Province Convention to be held in Harrisburg, Pa., the week-end of November 11. Miss Catherine Vaux, president, was elected to represent the chapter as delegate to the convention. Miss Mary Gainey and Mrs. Willie Gauss were chosen to serve as alternates. A special meeting was held on Tuesday, October 17, to discuss matters pertaining to the convention and the chapter was pleased to have among those present Miss Grace Carter, class of 1932.

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A Junior Plea
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J ust what law's all about, we're
U tterly at sea! Reading
N otes of 200 pages,-and say, 
I s an affidavit a plea?
O r what is a judicial notice? 'N the
R ights of vendor 'n vendee? Oh, 
S eniors! How'dja do it? Gee!

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The freshmen claim to have the cutest "baby doll" ever owned by a freshman class. Who is he?

F.A. Mechau, Jr.
Watchmaker and Jeweler
Phone Na. 7189   803 G St N.W.
Diamond Rings

The Clifford Brooke 
Academy of Stage Training in the Dramatic Arts
Fall Term Opening October 16th 
Offering for Law Students Public Speaking, Poise, Oral Expression, Voice readings
1000 Connecticut Ave

[[Heading at Start of column 3 & 4]]
The Legal Scrapbook
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NOTE: This column, conducted by Paul H. Salomon of the junior class, will appear each month, giving summaries of recent outstanding and interesting cases. Contributions are invited.

[[Column 3 - article]]
THE LOTUS CASE

The French Republic vs. The Turkish Republic (Permanent Court of International Justice, The Hague, September 7, 1927 - American Maritime Cases, 1928, p.1.)

International Law - Jurisdiction-Crimes

The French S.S. "Lotus" collided on the high seas with the Turkish SS. "Boz-Kourt," which sank with loss of eight Turkish lives. The "Lotus" proceeded to Stamboul with the survivors, including the Turkish master. Both the Turkish and French navigating officers were arrested and tried for negligent manslaughter; they were tried together, both were convicted and sentenced to fine and imprisonment. France claimed that Turkey acted without jurisdiction, and the question was presented to the World Court for International Justice whether Turkey acted in conflict with the principles of international law, and if so, what principles.

Held: Turkey did not act in conflict with any principle of international law.

Where vessels of different flags collide on the high seas with resulting loss of life, and subsequently comes into the jurisdiction of one of the flags, that country has jurisdiction to try the navigator of the vessel of the foreign flag on charges of criminal negligence.

Dissenting opinion by Mr. Moore, American Representative.

THE SCOTTSBORO CASE

One of the most widely discussed cases of the past year was the Scottsboro case. Nine negro boys were charged with having criminally attacked two white girls as a mixed company of whites and blacks were hoboing their way on an Alabama freight train. A speedy trial resulted in death sentences for eight, with a mistrial for the ninth.

We pass over details concerning conditions in the South which made it imperative that serve and summary punishment be meted out in cases of this nature; nor of the part societies an in particular communists and reds played in providing front-page news in this and other counties. It is worth mentioning, however, the fact that the veteran Clarence Darrow and the eminent Arthur Garfield Hays of New York were there long enough for one conference and caught a night train back North, refusing to take part in a case made up of negroes, communists and reds.

When the Alabama Supreme Court denied a new trial, the case went to the Supreme Court of the United States. The appeal contended that the negroes were not given a fair, impartial, and deliberate trial; that they were denied the right of counsel, with the incidents of consultation and opportunity for preparation for trial; and that they were tried before white juries without representation of their own race.

The Supreme Court ruled only on the second of these contentions. It found that the trial court had assigned the entire local bar to defend them, thereby observing the letter of the law. But it developed that the local bar consisted of only four members, three of whom were unavailable. The other held no conference with the defendants, and the extent of his services was to plead not guilty at arraignment. The jury was composed of white members ony.

That is the record as it came up.

"And in this casual fashion the matter of counsel in a capital case was disposed of," Justice Sutherland said, reviewing the record of the trial.

On this record it was apparent to a majority of the court that "the proceedings from beginning to end took place in an atmosphere of tense, hostile and excited public sentiment." Moreover, that "The failure of the trial court to give them reasonable time and opportunity to secure counsel was a clear denial of due process... We are of opinion that... the necessity of counsel was so vital and imperative that the failure of the trial court to make an effective appointment of counsel was likewise a denial of due process within the meaning of the Fourteenth Amendment."

A new trial was granted on the record. Seven justices concurred. Justice Butler and Justice McReynolds dissenting.

[[image double line]]

THE RIGHT DOPE

Junkman: "Any rags, papers, old iron?"
Householder (angrily): "No, my wife's away."
Junkman: "Any bottles?" - Doherty News

[image single line]

"Do you ever invest money in Wall Street?"
"No," answered Senator Sorghum, "If the market went wrong, I'd lose my savings, and if it went right I'd lose my reputation.

CAVEAT EMPTOR
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(From Evidence exam last summer)

"In a will contest case in the District of Columbia, the burden of proof in regard to the mental capacity of the testator rests upon the caveat emptor."

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