Viewing page 6 of 12

Dark Pen to left of photo: 
Ref: Library of Congress 1979
N. A. S. M. Feb. 1982
"WACO" Human Innecturent [[?]]
Y. Founders 4 WACO

[[picture]]
Charlie Meyers has been a designer, RFC flight instructor, barnstormer, air racer, test pilot, and airline captain. After 55 years in the air he's still flying. Some swinger.

THE LEGENDARY METERS continued
nation already at war and training pilots for the Royal Flying Corps. After 105 more minutes aloft with a Canadian, Charlie was commissioned in the RFC and made an instructor.
"I stayed in Toronto for about a year and then was sent to England.[[sent to England circled and LIE written in the left margin]] Over there I trained a lot of U.S. cadets. By that time, America was in the war and I was stuck as an instructor. I flew Avros and Sopwith Camels. They were powered by rotary engines of various kinds. I liked the 130-hp Clerget version of the Camel best. Some combat Camels were fitted with 200-hp Bentley's; they could turn and bite their own tails. Trouble with the rotaries there was no throttle; you had to kill the ignition in order to slow down because the engine wouldn't idle much below 900 or 950-rpm. Maximum revs averaged between 1100 and 1200. A button on the control stick shorted-out the ignition. You stopped the spark with the button down;let it up and it would roar. So, off-on, baroom! baroom! In the 200-hp Camel the torque tended to roll it seriously. You had to be ready for it all the time. On takeoff, she sure wanted to head for the barn-rudder and fin were too small. Some of the later fighters with rotary engines, like the Sopwith Snipe, did have bigger fins and rudders to help overcome this. 
"I came home and was demobilized in April 1919. Joined up with George "Buck" Weaver( he'd worked pre-WW-1-exhibition flights with Matty Laird and had instructed at Rich Field, Waco, Texas)we went to Canada and bought a pair of surplus Canucks(Canadian Jennies), and headed down through Ohio on a barnstorming tour. There was quite a bit of money to be made barnstorming then. At the start we got $20 for a 3-minute ride, $25 for a stunt ride, and the people lined up to go! Mark Campbell, who later designed the Golden Eagle monoplane(1928- 1929), was our wing-walker and parachute jumper. Business was so good we bought a third Canuck. E. P. Lott, an old friend from the Aeromarine days was hired to fly it."
  In mid-summer, this trio was joined by Elwood " Sam" Junkin and Clayton Bruckner[[c crossed out]], both has been in aviation since 1914. This group stopped off in Lorain, Ohio, for the winter. But Lott and Campbell moved on(Lott later flew for United for many years).Charlie began an aerial newspaper route, flying metropolitan dailies to rural communities, and he was sworn-in as a flying State Policeman- probably the first in the nation. Buck Weaver, Sam Junkin and Clayt Bruckner ("c" crossed out in ink) decided to start an airplane factory.
The Weaver Aircraft Company marked the birth of WACO. the name Waco, from "Weaver Aircraft Company" (The "W","A" and "C" are underlined in ink) also connoted Weaver's wartime service. Though the city is pronounced "Way-ko" in Texas, it was always "Wah-ko" to Rich Field grads, most of whom were not Texans. (Handwritten:" From Indian name H-U-A-CO)
    The first Waco, a slab-sided, (Circled with line leading to Right margin "3 ply Mahonamy-new + light weight) single-place parasol monoplane, powered with a 2-cylinder Lawrance engine, crashed soon after completion, "Damn near killing Buck," to quote Charlie. Waco's #2 and #3, tiny single place biplanes ("tiny single place biplanes", is circled and crossed out in pen ink. Pen ink line made to right margin where added notes ") were not successful, either. Designer Sam Junkin switched to a larger, more conventional "Jenny replacement" configuration. 
Early in 1920, Meyers left his friends to barnstorm in the south. Weaver returned to Chicago his original

[[picture]] Great Lakes Aircraft Corp began business in 1929 taking over a Martin Contract Of Navy torpedo planes. Great Lakes purchased the Martin plant in Cleveland when Martin moved to Baltimore.

Transcription Notes:
some hand written notes missing

Please note that the language and terminology used in this collection reflects the context and culture of the time of its creation, and may include culturally sensitive information. As an historical document, its contents may be at odds with contemporary views and terminology. The information within this collection does not reflect the views of the Smithsonian Institution, but is available in its original form to facilitate research. For questions or comments regarding sensitive content, access, and use related to this collection, please contact transcribe@si.edu.