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NEW NEGRO OPINION NEW NEGRO OPINION OFFICIAL ORGAN OF NEW NEGRO ALLIANCE 1232 You St., N.W. Decatur 2371 EDITORIAL STAFF FRANKLIN THORNE - Editor WILLIAM H. HASTIE - Associate Editor ISADORE WILLIAM - Associate Editor DUTTON FERGUSON - Associate Editor BERTHA McNEIL - Associate Editor HOWARD FITZHUGH - Business Manager RUDOLPH RENFROW - Advertising Manager MELVIN BARKER - Circulation Manager NEGRO HISTORY WEEK This Negro History Week. Throughout the nation of achievements the Negro in all places and times, but particularly of the American Negro since the Civil War, are being reviewed,. From many a platform there will be heard extravagant praise, statements that never in the history of the world has a people come so far in such a short time, the puffing of achievements so that they seem much more important, perhaps, than they really are. At the other extreme, but not on public platforms, will be heard the people who express themselves as being tired of hearing the same old thing about the same people very year, who scoff at the past of the Negro and suggest that he had better be thinking about tomorrow than thinking about yesterday. These critics, however have missed the whole point of Negro History Week. The Negro must be educated out of his sense of shame and inferiority of race. Only planned propaganda over a long period of years can bring this result. It is necessary to repeat again and again names and records of Negroes who have made notable contributions to American life. One telling will not convince a person whose entire life is lived under circumstances which make him think that white is better than black. Then there are millions of Negroes still who have not heard even for the first time anything good about the pasts of the Negro. Finally, there are the millions of whites who are more ignorant even than Negroes of what history shows the Negro can do if given half a chance. So Negro History Week has a place and an important place in the scheme of improvement for this minority group. All credit and power to those who conceived the idea and have struggled to change that idea into something concrete that grows from year to year. If any of them see a little fanatical, if they seem to overstate the case at times, let us remember what they are up against and what they are trying to accomplish. The job is one of salesmanship, and nothing is less effective than lukewarm sales talk. FORGETTING 12,000,000 It is not surprising that NRA has not solved the complicated economic and social problems that revolve about the Negro in America. The problem are as old as the nation and go to the roots of our thought and life. Yet conditions today seem to demand that NRA face the Negro problem more frankly than it has so far and give further consideration to the claims of those representing Negro workers. NRA is committed to the principle of reviving business by increasing the purchasing power of those who buy the products of business. there seems no good reason why it should ignore 12,000,000 Negro citizens as potential purchasers and consumers. Yet where Negroes are included at all in NRA codes the wages specified for them are uniformly below those specified for white workers and they are uniformly too low to act as a possible stimulus to business. Many a business might flourish on the trade of these millions of customers if it were given a chance to do so. If NRA does not feel able at this time to decide that Negro workers should be put on an economic basis with white workers it still could and should see to it that Negro workers receive higher wages than at present under the Blue Eagle. When code revisions occur next month, definite steps should be taken to build up Negro purchasing power. If the nation ever has courage enough to make it possible for Negroes to live on anything approaching standards of decency it may find many of its serious social problems disappearing. Washington Daily News, Feb. 7, 1934. Persons and Affairs... By William H. Hastie "Can it be that the taboo against stories, plays and movies which deal with love across the color line is about to be removed?" In a recent number of Esquire, the editors of the magazine inquired of the American public whether American readers were ready for a love story about a colored girl who spurned a wealthy white admirer and chose instead a brown skinned bellboy, with the result that the wealthy white man proceeded to throw himself away grieving for the brown girl who jilted him. The story is by Langston Hughes. Can it be that the taboo against stories, plays, and movies which deal with love across the color line is going to be removed? It is hard to think of any aspect of American life which presents more dramatic value, or more unexploited material for any number of novels. Problems, complexities, and situations abound. Indeed, I rather suspect that in the minds of most white men the "race problem" means the problem of "intermingling." Why not let the dramatists and the novelists have a fling at it. They might relieve the white man of some of his painful self-consciousness upon the subject. A friend of mine who in his day was much in demand as a speaker at "interracial" gatherings used to say that he could always be sure that his opinion upon intermarriage would be solicited at some time during the evening. Indeed, he called it the "phyorrea" question, because four out of every five asked it. I know another gentleman who was interrogated upon the same subject by a group of whites assembled to consider the race problem, and who startled his hearers no end by suggesting that the richness of a clear brown complexion was the ultimate in feminine charm. Some of the other ideas which the Negro entertains upon this subject would further tend to allay some of the alarm which the subject excites, though they would not be altogether flattering to "Nordic" vanity. By all means let the literary gentry experiment with the eternal triangle by putting a little color on one or two of its sides. Think of the possibilities: white man, colored woman, colored man; white man colored woman, white man; white man, white woman, colored man; white woman, colored man, colored woman; white woman, colored man, white woman - Some of these are rather strong medicine, but I think the patient can stand them. Anyhow, all that is suggested by Esquire is that the public accept some interesting fiction. Scott's Speech Lauds Rosenwald The following are extracts from the address delivered by Dr. Emmett J. Scott, secretary of Howard University, in celebration of Rosenwald Day, under the auspices of the Druid Hill Branch, Y.M.C.A., at Bethel A.M.E. Church, Baltimore, Md., Sunday February 11, 1934: "Just a bit more than two years ago, a rare soul passed to its deserved reward. We have gathered here today to pay tribute to his memory. It is to be feared, however, that we are likely, in our love and veneration, to create in our minds a legendary figure, possessed of all the virtues of a super-philanthropist, a super-god of the machine of Big Business, thinking in terms always of bigness, of thousands, of millions - a creature of tremendous driving force without the divine attributes of warm hearted impulses, anl deep human sympathies. Such a picture would not adequately represent Julius Rosenwald. "True it is that he was one of the world's richest men; true is is that he was one of America's most distinguished and one of its most successful businessmen; true it is that he was a great benefactor, a munificent giver to causes which intrigued his heart interest; true it is that he was a great humanitarian, a thinker and a guide to many in the world of social activity and service, - but greater than all these he was the man - Rosenwald. HELPED MAN LOWEST DOWN "He loved his fellow man with a sympathy which knew no bounds. Especially did his great heart lead him to espouse the cause of disadvantaged and under privileged groups everywhere. When he passed away the world laid beside his bier the heaped-up treasure of its respect, its love, its affection, its veneration of his almost divinely appointed life of rare vision, service and generosity. "The gamut of his benefactions is to be noted in the $35,000,000 fund which administered and still administers the projects which were so close to his heart; the $5,000,000 Rosenwald Industrial Museum located at Chicago; the $6,000,000 given by him for Jewish colonization work in Russia; the $3,000,000 he gave to the University of Chicago, of which he was a trustee; the $2,500,000 model apartments for colored families in Chicago similar to the Dunbar Apartments established in New York by John D. Rockefeller, Jr., and last, and not least, his wonderful gifts making possible more than 5,000 rural schools for colored children in nearly 1,000 counties of practically all the Southern states, at a cost, including his contributions, those from colored people and from public school funds, of nearly $30,000,000, thereby providing for the education of nearly three quarters of a million children and giving employment to about 15,000 teachers; also his gifts for sixteen Y.M.C.A. buildings for colored youth and men, and two Y.W.C.A. buildings for colored girls and women. Also, he provided liberally for fellowships for Negro scientists, artists, writers, and in the interest of social sciences and public health. "And yet, after all of this recital, it still remains to be chronicled that behind it all was the man - the Man Rosenwald. SOUGHT FEDERAL RIGHTS "I must not fail to speak of his interest in the political rights of the Negro; of his feelings that no part of us can be wholly free unless all of us are untrammeled in all of the rights and privileges guaranteed to us by the Federal Constitution. "This nobleman not only gave money to causes, but he gave himself as well. He used the power of wealth that came to him with continual thought that he was only a trustee for the advancement of humanity. CONCLUDED DR. SCOTT "Imperfect and inadequate as this sketch of the man is, I hope it has in some measure portrayed to you a modest, unassuming gentleman, a warm-hearted, devoted American, who possessing an eager sense of justice rose to great heights, but who never lost his simplicity, or his human, common touch, and who gave his time, his great ability and his collosal fortune for the betterment of mankind - all mankind. Like Abou Ben Adhem, he 'loved his fellow-men.'" CAROLINA MAGAZINE HONORS SPAULDING Continued from page 1 read: "Some time ago The State began writing up interesting people in all parts of North Carolina. On several occasions the suggestion was made, 'Why don't you write up C.C. Spaulding, of Durham?' So a representative of this paper went over to Durham, spent an hour or so with Spaulding, and the courteous and affable members of his staff and learned something of the work which this Negro has done. Incidentally you'll find new organizations in North Carolina that have a more efficient personnel than this particular bank and insurance company. Most of them are college graduates, and they're all very enthusiastic about their jobs. "Taking everything into consideration, there are few men in North Carolina - whether they be white or colored - who have overcome any greater obstacles and handicaps or made a greater proportionate success than has C.C. Spaulding. This publication is glad that it can join in giving him some measure of the credit that is due him." THE PROGRAM OF THE NEW NEGRO ALLIANCE To improve the economic and civic status of the Negro though: 1. The securing of positions which will increase the earning capacity of our group. 2. The securing of opportunities for advancement and promotions in positions secured. 3. The uniting of the purchasing power of the Colored people to be used as a level in securing economic advantages. 4. The creation of bigger and better Negro business through increased earning power of Negroes, through a better business outlook resulting from contact and experience with successful businesses of the other group, and through the stimulation of businesses now run by Negroes to a higher level of efficiency and service. 5. The concentrated support of all businesses which employ Negroes or in which Negro capital is invested. 6. Research and investigation which will discover and thoroughly analyze the possibilities for Negro Business and Negro labor in new fields.
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