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CONTENTS Page I. NEGRO REFORMISM--AGENT OF U.S. IMPERIALISM ... 3 The Object of Negro Reformism ... 5 An Aid to the Roosevelt New Deal ... 7 The Costigan-Wagner "Anti-Lynching" Bill--Weapon of the Lynchers ... 9 The Bill of Civil Rights for the Negro People ... 13 The Program for a Jim-Crow Federation of Labor ... 15 Sharper Struggle for Everyday Demand ... 18 II. THE GROWTH OF PETTY-BOURGEOIS NATIONALISM ... 20 The Crisis in the N.A.A.C.P. Leadership ... 23 The Role of the DuBois Opposition ... 25 The "Jobs for Negroes" Movement ... 27 Neo-Garveyism--New "Back to Africa" Movements ... 28 The Liberian Plan and U.S. Imperialism ... 29 Padmore--Theoretician of Neo-Garveyism ... 38 The Relation of Neo-Garveyism to Fascism ... 43 Only the Communists Really Fight for Negro Freedom ... 44 Japanese Imperialism as Champion of the Darker Races ... 46 III. THE STRUGGLE FOR PROLETARIAN LEADERSHIP OF THE NEGRO LIBERATION MOVEMENT ... 50 The Fight on Two Front ... 51 The Question of the Main Danger ... 54 Concealed Petty-Bourgeois Nationalism ... 57 Next Steps in Our Work Among the Negroes ... 59 [[image]] 209 I. NEGRO REFORMISM--AGENT OF U. S. IMPERIALISM COMRADE BROWDER in his excellent report outlined in the clearest fashion the position of the Party on the Negro question, and laid the basis for a correct approach to our task in the work among Negroes in the present period. Comrade Browder stressed the importance of the fight on two fronts against white chauvinism as the main danger and against petty bourgeois nationalism, which he correctly called the "reverse side of white chauvinism." In my report I wish to elaborate on this question of the fight on two fronts, particularly in relation to the fight against the Negro reformist danger, which, in the present period, has become acute and menacing. An outstanding characteristic of the present moment is the sharp increase in the activities of the Negro bourgeois reformists and petty bourgeois nationalist leaders among the Negro masses. We find that these activities have not only been intensified, but are assuming more varied and subtle forms. In addition to the official bourgeois reformist organizations and their activities, there has appeared upon the scene in the recent period numerous petty bourgeois nationalist movements. We also witness definite attempts to crystallize "Left" reformist Negro movements. This phenomenon is directly connected with the sharpening class struggle and growing radicalization of the Negro toilers. Only on this basis can it be explained. We might say that the increased activities of the Negro reformists, their attempts to strengthen nationalism among the masses, take place in direct proportion to the increase of our revolutionary 3
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