Viewing page 7 of 19

This Negro working class mother, (a woman, bent by a life of hard toil, exhausted from the day-in-day-out campain for her boys, and yet inspired by an unshakably strong confidence in the strength and might of international working class solidarity) has received a tremendous ovation from the workers and revolutionary intellectuals wherever she appeared.

In Hamburg her presence in the mass meetings, convened by the Red Aid aroused the strongest sympathy, and the fact that she was forbidden by the "socialist" controlled police authorities to speak only served to increase the indignation of the workers against capitalist terror. They realized how the American and German imperialists were working together against the interests of the working class, — white as well as black.

Mrs. Wright was also enthusiastically received, along with J. Louis Engdahl, the Secretary of the American section of the International Labour Defense, in many other German cities: How popular this campaign is among the German working class can best be seen from the fact that all meetings were attended by many working class children, who, on their own initiative, had decided to join in the defense for their young black class brothers. Many of them wrote letters to President Hoover. One of these letters, read at a meeting is as follows:

"Dear President Hoover: — In America, everything is said to be so beautiful, as my uncle has very often told me, and as we have been taught in the schools, that there is much more freedom in your country than there is here in Germany.

Dear President, my father has read to me from the newspapers, that you are going to permit the Negro children to be put to death. That would not be good from you. What have these children done? The police here in Germany is very severe with us. But they do not put children to death. Let the poor Negro children live, because their fathers and mothers will shed many tears for them. We here in Germany would be glad to hear that you are for justice. If I should happen to come to America, then I shall visit you. Please write me if you have received my letter."

[Photo: Man speaking at a long table, both white and black men seated beside him on both sides. A banner over the table with German writing.]
[Caption: Scottsboro protest meeting of German and African workers in Berlin. ✕ Comrade J. Bile, revolutionary leader of the Cameroon workers, West Africa. /caption]

In Berlin tens of thousands of workers turned out to express their sympathy with Mrs. Wright and to pledge their support to carry on the campaign until the boys are free. Among the speakers was comrade J. Bile, the Secretary of the League for the Defense of the African Race from Cameroon, West Africa.

From Berlin Mrs. Wright proceeded to Vienna, where she was received with equal enthusiasm by the Austrian workers, who were so indignant over the outrage that they stoned a motor car of Merritt Swift, First Secretary of the American Legation in this city, when he visited a ceremony arranged on behalf of George Washington, — the slave owner and "father" of the American bourgeoisie. The workers shouted slogans denouncing the American lynch courts and demanding the immediate release of the innocent working class lads.

Eight young workers, made up to represent the boys who were sentenced to death at the mock trial at Scottsboro, Ala., shouted in chorus: "Free the young Negroes!" "Down with Class Justice!" "Down with the Scottsboro lynchers!" and "The Socialists of Vienna are supporting the murderous United States government!"

Leaflets were distributed urging the workers to drive our the diplomatic representatives of the murderous United States lynch government.

Municipal guards attacked the demonstration and arrested 15 young workers. The workers militantly fought back.

In Budapest, Hungary, the campaign has likewise received new inspiration through the tour of Mrs. Wright.

Hungarian workers demonstrated before the United States Legation in Budapest. The police, acting under the orders of American imperialism, attacked the demonstration and arrested ten young workers.

The Scottsboro Campaign in Switzerland is more than a year old. It started almost immediately with the beginning of the struggle in the United States. Repeated waves of protest, as the date of execution has been postponed from July 10th, last year, to April 6th, to May 13th, and now to June 24th have mounted higher and higher, but it received new impetus from the tour of the Scottsboro Mother. Scottsboro became to Switzerland a living reality.

Mrs. Wright is now going to tour England. The workers of this country, white and coloured, who have already been aroused to strongest protest against the Alabama lynchers by the campaign jointly conducted under the auspices of the English Section of the International Labour Defense and the Negro Welfare Association of London, will no doubt give her the warmest and most sympathetic, reception. The British working class knows through first hand knowledge of what outrages against oppressed, exploited races a de-humanised imperialist ruling class is capable of. They need not to go as far as U.S.A. to learn all about it. They only need to think of the life of misery, humiliation, and oppression which the colonial toilers are leading right in the glorious British Empire. Therefore, Mrs. Wright can be sure of the strongest active support of her case on the part of the British working class. During these months of unrelentless, combined struggle of the international proletariat the Scottsboro case has truly become the symbol of the bloody regime of terror and oppression conducted on a world wide scale, where ever capitalism rules. The Scottsboro case has also become the test-stone of the strength of international working class solidarity

Therefore, while registering the latest decision of the U.S.A. Supreme Court as a special victory, the working class must not be deceived into relaxing our vigilance. We must constantly keep in mind the case of Sacco and Vanzetti.

The mass fight must be strengthened one-hundred fold. Form this partial victory, we must go forward: to complete victory, for the unconditional release of all nine of the Scottsboro boys, for the smashing of the lynch practics of the bosses' court and the frightful national oppression of the Negro masses, and all colonial peoples.

[Image: small straight line in middle of page, below all text]

Please note that the language and terminology used in this collection reflects the context and culture of the time of its creation, and may include culturally sensitive information. As an historical document, its contents may be at odds with contemporary views and terminology. The information within this collection does not reflect the views of the Smithsonian Institution, but is available in its original form to facilitate research. For questions or comments regarding sensitive content, access, and use related to this collection, please contact