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and unemployed." (Page 34. Originally appeared in "Fortune," later published in book form by Random House, in 1936, under the title "Jews in America.") In 1929, in a survey of fifty unions which had a total membership of 392,000, the Jewish membership was 134,000, or approximately one-third, which corresponds to the percentage of Jews living in New York City. The editor of "Fortune," in a survey, demonstrated that: "First of all, and very definitely, they (the Jews) do not run banking. They play little or no part in the great commercial houses." (Page 39, idem citato. Our emphasis--J. W. F.) "If these houses are ranked upon the amount of foreign loans outstanding on March 7th, 1935, J. P. Morgan with 19.87%, National City Company with 11.71%, Dillon, Reade with 11.44%, Chase, Harris, Forbes with 8.45%, Guarantee Company with 6.68%, Banca-America Blain with 6.18%, and Lee Higginston with 4.23%, all rank above the highest Jewish house, which is Kuhn Loeb with 2.88%." (Page 40, idem citato, our emphasis, J. W. F.) "If the Jews have a subordinate place in finance, which they are often said to control, they have an even more inconspicuous place in heavy industry." (Page 42, idem citato. Our emphasis-- J. W. F. And Kuhn Loeb is not completely Jewish controlled; neither is V. W. Seligman and Company. It is the Morgan, DuPonts, Mellons, Fords and Rockefellers who own and control the wealth of the United States. THE UNITY OF THE JEWISH PEOPLE Against whom then is this lying propaganda, these brazen falsifications directed? Against the American people, in a crucial struggle for social and national security, whose cherished democratic rights achieved in decades of struggle are jeopardized by fascist brigands who are thundering at the gates of America, 10 from without; by their cronies, the Wall Street magnates, and their spokesmen, the Hoovers, the Vandenbergs, and the Bilbos, who in the face of the rising wrath of the masses are ready to hand over the nation to fascism. The struggle against anti-Semitism is an integral part of our fight for a progressive America. It is the task not only of the Jews but of all progressives, of everyone interested in the defeat of fascism, first and foremost of the working class, which must achieve unity in the struggle to carry out its historical task in the present moment to save the nation from fascist slavery. It is the task of the Negro, menaced by the Hitlerization of the United States. The defeat of anti-Semitism requires the unification of all the progressive forces among the Jewish people, and their alliance with all the forces within the camp of progress, particularly the Negro people. The formation of the General Council of Jewish Rights, in 1938, to coordinate the activity of the Big Four Jewish organizations, the American Jewish Committee, the American Jewish Congress, Bnai Brith, and the Jewish Labor Committee, was an important step forward in the direction of unity. The interest of the Jewish people, the interest of America as a whole, demands inclusion of the Jewish People's Committee for united action against fascism and anti-Semitism organized in 1936 by a group of progressive and left-wing organizations. Since its organization, the Jewish People's Committee has drawn around itself numerous landsmanschaften, synagogues, left-wing social and cultural organizations, etc. It organized a powerful protest meeting at Madison Square Garden during November, 1938. The struggle for the unity of the forces of American Jewry, necessitates an irrevocable struggle against the defeatists, the capitulators, and all the advocates of "hush, hush" tactics of "retreat before the enemies," and of any "back to the ghetto" advocates, who try to curry 11
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