Viewing page 15 of 20



Early Aviation Pioneer - Pilot - Manufacturing Executive


Greely S. Curtis was born January 19, 1871, at Boston, Mass. He graduated from Harvard in 1892 and became interested in aviation at an early date. He then pursued aeronautics at Cornell and [[strikethrough]]for[[/strikethrough]] as a thesis for his M.E. degree in 1896 he reviewed the [[strikethrough]]work instigated[[/strikethrough]] aerodynamic research by Dr. Langley at the Smithsonian Institution.

On leave from Cornell at intervals, Curtis first went abroad in 1894 and again in 1895 when he visited Maxim in England, and later, while studying in Zurich, Switzerland, became interested in Lilienthal's early gliding experiments. For a time in September and October that year Curtis assisted Lilienthal [[strikethrough]] and [[/strikethrough]] gain[[strikethrough]] ed [[/strikethrough]]ing some first-hand experience in gliding, and suggesting multiple surfaces which were adopted  by Lilienthal later. Curtis' actual gliding flights at that time antedated the Wrights' experiments and were among the earliest in history.

When Curtis returned to the United States he reluctantly entered other engineering work for several years due to serious parental objections to his continued interest in aviation. He spent five years as a hydraulic engineer for the Boston Fire Department and became Fire Department expert for the National Board of Fire Underwriters. Following this he engaged in private practice for several large cities. In the course of this work he developed and produced the Curtis F[[strikethrough]]IRE[[/strikethrough]]ire S[[strikethrough]] TREAM [[/strikethrough]]tream G[[strikethrough]]AUGE[[/strikethrough]]auge which became accepted and used throughout the world. He continued to market this device his entire lifetime. 

When the Wright Brothers started making their renowned demonstration flights before the Army officers at Fort M[[strikethrough]] e [[/strikethrough]]yer, Virginia, in 1908-1909, Curtis again resumed active interest in aviation. At that same time W.S. Burgess, the famed Boston yacht builder, also became keenly
Please note that the language and terminology used in this collection reflects the context and culture of the time of its creation, and may include culturally sensitive information. As an historical document, its contents may be at odds with contemporary views and terminology. The information within this collection does not reflect the views of the Smithsonian Institution, but is available in its original form to facilitate research. For questions or comments regarding sensitive content, access, and use related to this collection, please contact