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HARRY HOLMES Pioneer West Coast Aviator Harry Holmes was born in Kalmar, Sweden, August 16, 1885. Information is lacking concerning his early life, education and when he came to the United States. Entering aviation he learned to fly at Dominguez Flying Field, Los Angeles, California, in the fall of 1911. There both he and Lester Holt were learning at the same time, using a Curtiss-type pusher biplane formerly owner by Charles Walsh, powered by a 4-cylinder[,] 40 h.p. Hall-Scott engine. During the summer of 1912, Holmes and hot were flying exhibitions inthe mid-west, with their headquarters at Cicero Field, Chicago. In late November they returned to Los Angeles for the winter. On January 5, 1913, Holmes flew his tests for pilot license at dominguez Field and obtained F.A.I. Certificate No. 204, dated January 29th. At that time he was flying a Day tractor biplane. For the blance of 1913 and part of 1914 Holmes worked for Glenn Martin, both as a mechanic and pilot. During that time he learned to fly hydros and filled some exhibition dates for Matin, using both land and water planes. In late summer of 1914 he became associated with Tom Hill, who had a Bleriot monoplane at Venice, California. Holmes went on the road, with Hill as his mechanic, on the exhibition tour of the Northwest and remianed with him until Hill was killed in a crash at Venice on December 3rd. In 1915 Holmes and Beryl Williams went to Japan where they started an aviation venture at Osaka. They estiablished a small facotr and flying school, with Japanese mechanics and propective students helping to build planes in payment for their flying instruction. Williams was also a former Martin employee, a skilled mechanic and licensed aviator. There that summer Holmes flew a Gyro-powered Curtiss-type pusher biplane and trained young military officers.
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