Viewing page 44 of 59

Martin Company was also building Model TT training planes with 4-cylinder Hall-Scott engines on government orders. In early summer the Martin Model R tractor was announced. It embodied many new improvements, had a 46-foot span and used a 6-cylinder Hall-Scott engine. 

During this period Martin's success attracted financially-minded business leaders in the Eastern United States. This group had already purchased the Wright brothers' patents and assets of the original Wright Company in Dayton, Ohio, as well as the Simplex Automobile Company of Brunswick, New Jersey, the Wright Flying School at Hempstead, Long Island, and the General Aeronautic Company of New York which handled foreign sales. With Caleb Bragg as a member, the Wright-Martin Aircraft Corporation was formed in August, 1916, taking over the Martin organization and the operation of the facilities in California. At this time Donald Douglas left Martin and went with the Army as an aviation consultant. 

In this merger Martin was made vice president in charge of aircraft development, with an office in New York, but this move was not satisfactory to him. He soon became frustrated as he had little authority in the affairs of the large corporation. The financiers knew little about aviation, and practically no progress was being made. (Later the Wright Aeronautical Corporation was formed form these mergers.) As a result, Martin resigned on August 17, 1917, and returned to California. The following month a group of Cleveland, Ohio, business financed Martin to form a new Glenn L. Martin Company at Cleveland, and a new factory and flying field were made ready for World War I aircraft production. At this time Martin was requested to give up flying and apparently never flew again as a pilot.

Martin persuaded Douglas to return as Chief Engineer and work was started on a twin Liberty-engined bomber. Although too late for wartime production it was first flown in September, 1918, and proved to be a very advanced machine. Several notable records were made with these famous planes after the

Please note that the language and terminology used in this collection reflects the context and culture of the time of its creation, and may include culturally sensitive information. As an historical document, its contents may be at odds with contemporary views and terminology. The information within this collection does not reflect the views of the Smithsonian Institution, but is available in its original form to facilitate research. For questions or comments regarding sensitive content, access, and use related to this collection, please contact