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After Brodie was killed at Clearing, Illinois, on April 19, 1913, Schroeder served as mechanic for James Ward for about one year, then with Mickey McGuire until 1916 when he was mechanic for Katherine Stinson at San Antonio, Texas.
In October, 1916, Schroeder enlisted in the Aviation Section, Signal Corps, United States Army at Chicago and joined the 4th Aviation School Squadron at Asburn in November. There he started military flight training on Curtiss Jennies from instructors J.D. Hill, Victor Vernon and Fred Hoover. 
The military school moved to Memphis, Tenesse, in January, 1917, for the winter months and Schroeder went with the group. There they had sixteen Curtiss Jennies, a large class of students, and several civilian instructors. By early April Schroeder was soloing on Jennies and continued flying practice until the school returned to Chicago later that spring. In June he was commissioned as Lieutenant Reserve Military Aviator and assigned as Chief Flying Instructor at Chanuate Field, Rantoul, Illinois. That summer he was in charge of a Midwest Liberty Loan Flight, then in December he was commissioned Captain and transferred to Ellington Field, Houston, Texas, where he established and was in charge of the Army's first school of night flying. He graduated a number of students who had qualified by flying with no landing lights, brakes or ground floor lighting. 
In 1918 Schroeder was transferred to Wibur Wright Field, Dayton, Ohio in charge of test flying. During late August he flew his tests for pilot license and obtained F.A.I. Certificate No. 2265 on September 18th. There, on his third attempt, he established a new world altitude record of 28,900 feet on September 18, 1918, flying a Bristol military biplane powered by a 300 h.p. Hispano engine. He used oxygen through a rubber hose and kept flying untilhe had used all the fuel. On these flights he suffered from frozen lips and fingers.
Through 1919-1920 Schroederwas Chief of the Flight Test Branch of McCook Field, Dayton, Ohio, where he was prompted to Major. From November, 1918, through January, 1919, he tested the new Loening M-8 monoplane with 300 h.p. Hispano engine and did some outstanding flying with this plane. In altitude speed tests

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