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place, 36 ft. span biplane, using a Curtiss OXX-6, 100 H.P. engine. Following this he brought out the Mercury "Gosling," a special high-wing race monoplane for the 1921 Speedway Air Races. It was a 21 foot, 9 inch span machine, using a 90 H.P. Curtiss OX engine. This plane won second place in the event at 135 M.P.H. After World War I the Government began selling large surpluses of planes, engines and aircraft equipment at giveaway prices and this eventually forced Waterman out of business. From mid-1921 and into 1922 Waterman developed a frost dispelling rig for fruit growers, using surplus aircraft engines and propellers. In 1922 he bought a surplus Jennie and started a flying service, doing charter work and carrying passengers, with his base of operations at Ontario, California. There he organized a Flying Club and instructed members. Some of these wanted to own a plane so he founded the Ontario Aircraft Corporation, bought six surplus Boeing Sea-planes and converted them to land planes, which he sold to his interested club members. He then started an air line to the Big Bear Lake area, flying Los Angeles sportsmen to the mountain resort. During this activity he became dissatisfied with Renault motors used in the Big Bear airline planes, and in 1924 installed French-built Government surplus Salmson water-cooled radial engines, some of which he was successfully converting to air-cooling. After losing a bid for a possible air mail contract between Los Angeles and Salt Lake City Waterman moved his operations to Santa Monica in 1927. Soon thereafter he became Chief Pilot and Engineer for the Bach Aircraft Company, Van Nuys, California, to build a light tri-motored transport plane, which he successfully tested that fall. In 1928 he was asked to design and develop an airport, known as "Los Angeles Metropolitan" and he started buying land for this. While still flying for Bach Aircraft he established and managed this new airport until mid-1930. On July 26, 1929 Waterman set a new payload altitude record, flying a Bach machine to 20,800 feet with a 2,200 pound load, then won the Air Transport Race at the 1929 Cleve- 5
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