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62 - THE WASHINGTON DAILY NEWS, FRIDAY, DECEMBER 17, 1948

45 Years After First Plane Flight, Kitty Hawk Becomes U.S. Property

Time went back 45 years today. Back to Dec. 17, 1903. To Kitty Hawk, N.C., where Wilbur and Orville Wright made their first successful attempt to fly.

The occasion was the presentation of the Wright brothers' Kitty Hawk, the first airplane ever flown by man, to the National Air Museum of the Smithsonian Institution.

The Kitty Hawk was recently returned here from England, where it has been since 1928.

High brass from the armed services, Cabinet members, chief justices, airline presidents and noted aviators showed up in force.

The ceremonies were scheduled to take place at 11 a.m. Barring a last minute hitch, this is what happened:

NEPHEW PRESENTS IT

Milton Wright of Dayton, O., nephew of the Wright brothers presented their famed "Kitty Hawk" to the Smithsonian, on the behalf of the Orville Wright estate.

The presentation took place in the North Hall of the National Museum's Arts and Industries Building.

Among the invited guests was Johnny Moore of Nags Head, N.C., only man now living who was present at Kill Devil Hill, N.C., 45 years ago today when Orville Wright won his place in history with the flip of a coin, leaving Brother Wilbur on the ground.

VINSON ACCEPTS

Chief Justice Fred M. Vinson, as chancellor of Smithsonian accepted the frail, 21-foot craft, and Vice President-Elect Alben W. Barkley, an Institution regent, gave the acceptance address. Dr. Alexander Wetmore, Smithsonian Secretary, opened ceremonies.

Also on the program were Col. Robert B. Laundry, Air Force aide to President Truman, reading Mr. Truman's message in his absence, and Sir Oliver Franks, British Ambassador, speaking on "Britain and the Wright brothers."

Co-incidentally the Air Force showed off some its more up-to-date planes, including a B-36 and 24 jet fighters.

EARLY BIRDS HERE

"Early Birds," a group of men and women among the earliest to fly, are specially invited guests (see picture story on Page 25).

The Kitty Hawk - now hanging higher than the 10-foot altitude to which it first flew - is suspended from the ceiling of the Arts and Industries Building. Eventually it is to have the place of honor in a new National Air Museum Building.

In 1916 the Kitty Hawk, smashed in an accident, was restored. Twelve years later it was sent to the Science Museum in London, where it remained until last month. Papers found among Orville's personal files after his death early this year indicated he wanted the plane returned to the United States. The Kitty Hawk arrived in Washington Nov. 22.


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The first woman to own a Wright Brothers airplane - the third woman in the United States to win a flying license - was in Washington today for the Kitty Hawk ceremonies with a confession that she came from the West Coast by train. Miss Ruth Law, now 61, first came to Washington in 1917 during a Liberty Load drive, and flew a plane low over Pennsylvania-av. She said Orville Wright once refused to teach her how to fly. He didn't think women could, she said.


USIS Parley Opens

ROME, Dec. 17 - George V. Allen, assistant U.S. Secretary of State for Public Affairs, will preside today at the opening of the meeting of U.S. Information Service directors from eight European countries. They will discuss mutual problems for three days.


Twain Meet

NEW DEHLI, Dec. 17 - Sen. George Malone (R., Nev.) and Mrs. Malone met Gov. Gen. C. Rajagopalacharia [[Rajagopalachari]] at Government House yesterday.

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Doctors Probe Death of Japanese Injured In Hiroshima Blast

TOKIO, Dec. 17 - Doctors investigating the effects of the atomic bomb waited today for the results of an autopsy to determine if the slow death of 28-year-old Shiro Nakayama was caused by the Hiroshima blast three years ago.

Physicians said that if it can be definitely proved Nakayama's death was caused by the atomic bomb, medical science will have made a "tremendous advance."

Nakayama died Wednesday in the Tokio University Hospital after X-ray and other treatments failed to check swellings on the skin, groin, armpits and internal organs. Doctors believe the condition may have been induced by a delaying effect of the atomic bomb.


GI Is Executed for Slaying Japanese

YOKOHAMA, Dec. 17 - Pvt. Stratman Armistead, 32, of Thomasville, Ala., was hanged yesterday in the first execution of a member of the occupation forces, the U.S. Army announced today.

He died on the gallows in the Eighth Army stockade for the hammer-murder of four Japanese in October, 1947.


Stricken Queuille Rests Comfortably

[[image]]
M. Queuille

By United Press

PARIS, Dec. 17 - Premier Henri Queuille, 64, was reported "resting comfortably and in no danger" today following a sick spell last night in the French Senate.

The premier was stricken on the "Stair Case of Honor" of The Council of the Republic and taken to his official residence at the Hotel Matinon shortly after 10 p.m.

The Exchange Telegraph News Agency reported M. Queuille had suffered from a heart ailment for some time and that his condition had worsened because of the strain of office.


Fred Ottoman's column is wise and witty - every day in The News.


Trumans Ready Independence Home for the Holidays

By United Press

INDEPENDENCE, Mo., Dec. 17 - President Truman's wife, daughter and mother-in-law were home at the summer White House today to prepare for the family's Christmas.

Mrs. Bess Truman, Margaret and Mrs. D.W. Wallace arrived by train last night. They were met by Mrs. Frank Wallace, and Mrs. Truman's sister-in-law, and George Wallace, her brother.

The President will spend four or five days at home with his family, but the date of his departure from Washington has not been set.


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Please note that the language and terminology used in this collection reflects the context and culture of the time of its creation, and may include culturally sensitive information. As an historical document, its contents may be at odds with contemporary views and terminology. The information within this collection does not reflect the views of the Smithsonian Institution, but is available in its original form to facilitate research. For questions or comments regarding sensitive content, access, and use related to this collection, please contact transcribe@si.edu.