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Chicago Daily Tribune




Cox Dies; Ran for President

But House O.K. Is Expected
[Chicago Tribune Press Service]
[[Image of Smith]]
Washington, July 15--A new 3.2 billion dollar foreign aid program reached the house floor today and immediately ran into sharp attack. 
Opponents assailed the military and economic assistance program, one of the principal planks in the Eisenhower administration's platform, as the "great annual give-away," while administration supporters stoutly defended it. 
Debate and voting on the authorization bill will consume most of this week.

[[bold]]Senate Total Larger[[/bold]]
The bill is expected to clear the house without much difficulty and be sent to conference with the senate, which approved a version totaling 3.6 billion dollars, compared with President Eisenhower's revised request of 3.9 billions.
The authorization measure sets a ceiling on new foreign aid funds for the current fiscal year which began July 1. It will be followed by a separate appropriation bill actually voting the new funds. Further attempts at slashing the aid program are expected then. 
The authorization bill cleared its first hurdle today when the house approved, by voice vote, a rule permitting seven hours of general debate and amendments from the floor.

[[bold]]Called Inflationary[[/bold]]
Rep. Smith [Wis.], a high ranking Republican on the foreign affairs committee, led the attack on the bill. He said it represents "a good slug of inflation" and "an almost complete abdication of congressional control over the program."  
Smith said Congress has already authorized and appropriated so much foreign aid money that the administrators already have available 8.2 billion dollars in unspent funds, and if 3.2 billions more are authorized they will have 11.4 billions. 
He said that actually the current bill totals 4.2 billions because it authorizes 1 billion dollars in loans in the the 1959 and 1960 fiscal years, in addition to 500 millions for this year.

[[bold]]New Loan Retinue[[/bold]]
Rep. Gross [R., Ia.], attacked foreign aid as "the great annual give-away show," to which has been added this year "a striptease act" in the form of the loan proposition for the next three years. He said the loan program would require a $19,000 a year manager with a retinue of helpers to get rid of the 1 1/2 billion dollars. 
Chairman Gordon [D., Ill.] of the foreign affairs committee defended the bill as "essential to the national interest and security of the United States."

Harding Foe Is Victim of Stroke at 87

Dayton, July 15 (AP)--James M. Cox, 87, unsuccessful Democratic Presidential candidate
[[Image of Cox]]
in 1920 and publisher of a group of newspapers, died at his home here tonight.
Cox, first man to ever be elected governor of Ohio for three terms, was defeated in the 1920 Presidential race by another Ohio publisher, Warren G. Harding. Cox's running mate was Franklin D. Roosevelt.
Cox has been in failing health for the last several years. He suffered a stroke Friday and never regained consciousness.

[[bold]]Active Till 2 Weeks Ago[[/bold]]
Until two weeks ago, however, he was active in publishing his newspapers in Dayton and Springfield, O., and Miami and Atlanta, and in the operation of several radio and TV stations.
Cox was born March 31, 1870m on a farm near Jacksonburg in the southwestern corner of Ohio.
Cox marries Mayne L. Harding of Cincinnati in 1893. They were divorced in 1910 and in 1917 he married Margaretta Blair of Chicago. Two sons, James Jr. and John, and a daughter, Helen, now deceased, were born to the first marriage. Two daughters, Anne and Barbara, were born to the second. Five grandchildren also survive.
Altho he quit school after his second year in high school, he passed an examination at the age of 16 for a teacher's position. He taught for a few terms and then joined a brother-in-law who was editor of a newspaper at Middletown. He served as printer's devil, part time reporter and general handyman.

[[bold]]Wreck Gives Him Chance[[/bold]]
A train wreck gave him his first chance. He reported the accident so competently that the Cincinnati Engineer employed him. Within a few years we was a political writer for the Enquirer. Cox entered the publishing
[[bold]]Continued on page 2, col. 2[[/bold]]

[[bold]]Charlie gets himself into hot water[[/bold]]
What happened when Charles MacArthur, destined for fame as co-author of the celebrated newspaper drama, "The Front Page," made fun of his army colonel? Find out in today's rollicking episode of "Charlie," new book by Ben Hecht. If you are not reading it, you are missing one of the most hilarious books ever published about Chicago and Chicagoans. See today's instalment in the Women's pages.

Won't Send Boys to Foreign Trial
Olney, Ill., July 15 [Special]-Samuel E. Barnes, 40, chairman of the Richland county draft board and a veteran of the Pacific theater in World War II, today resigned from the board in protest against the government's surrender of William S. Girard for trial by Japan.
Barnes' action was one of two draft board resignations for the same reason reported today.  In Tuskegee, Ala., Mayor Phil Lightfoot resigned from the Macon county draft board in a similar protest. 
Girard, 21, an army specialist, pf Ottawa, Ill., is accused nu Japan of its equivalent of manslaughter for the death of a Japanese woman killed by Girard while on guard duty.
[[ bold ]] Considered Action Long [[/ bold ]]
Barnes resigned in a letter to Col. Paul Armstrong, state selective service director.
" I thought about this action a long time," Barnes said in a n interview. " I have been interested in the Girard case since it began and read all I could about it. I didn't think our government would do what it did, or that the courts would let it happen. Now that it has happened I felt I better get out."
Barnes said in his letter that he does not uphold Girard in the killing but feels we have competent courts that should try him.
[[ bold ]] Recalls Bataan march [[ / bold ]]
" I cannot conscientiously serve," he wrote, " knowing that possibly some American boy that I might be responsible for sending would be serving a foreign country and if he should make a mistake- as most of us have - he would be turned over to a foreign country for trial.
" Are these the same Japanese people whom many of our friends met on the famous Battan death march, or that many more of us met at later dates in Luzon or other parts of the Pacific?" he demanded. " If it is the same Japanese people I am surprised at their sympathetic feeling toward humanity, for at that time they were sadly lacking in that feeling.
" They are much more disturbed about one Japanese death now [ which we all regret] than they were about a great many Americans then."
[[ bold ]] On Board Since 1940 [[ / bold ]]
The Tuskegee mayor, a member of the draft board there since selective service was organized in 1940, wrote to James W. Jones, state selective service director for Alabama, that he is resigning because of the United States Supreme Court ruling turning Girard over to Japanese courts.
" I cannot... share the responsibility of sending young men into hostile areas without the protection of their government in the performance of their duties," Light foot said.

[[ bold ]] Doctors Urge Breathing Into Mouth [[ / bold ]]
Buffalo, N. Y., July 15 (AP)- Three physicians said tn=onight that breathing directly into the mouth of a drowning or shock victim is the best method of artificial respiration in an emergency.
They said more than 150 experiments here and in Baltimore City hospital proved the mouth to mouth method " infinitely superior" to the standard method of pressing the victim's back.
In the experiments 10 physicians volunteered to have their lung muscles paralyzed and their breathing stopped for up to a minute and a half. Various methods of artificial respiration were tried.
[[ bold ]] Tongue Blocks Air [[ / bold ]]
Dr. James O. Elam of Buffalo said the back-pressure method failed to move any air into the lungs of half the subjects. These subjects, he said, were all heavy-set and because of their build the tongue lodged against the back fo the throat, blocking the air passage.
Using the mouth to mouth method, he said the rescuer has his hands free to clear any obstructions in the air passage. 
Even when the back pressure, arm lift method was successful, he said, it forced less than one quarter of the air into the lungs than the mouth to mouth method.
Dr. Elam said Dr. Peter Safar of Baltimore City hospital has designed a breathing tube that may be included in first aid kits.
[[ bold ]] Positions of Experts [[ / bold ]]
Dr. Safar is chief of anesthesiology at Baltimore City hospital. Dr. Elam is director of the department of anesthesiology at Roswell Park Memorial institute, Buffalo. The third physician is Dr. David G. Greene, a professor at the University of Buffalo.
Dr. Elam said 150 laymen, including Boy Scouts, served as " rescuers " in experiments concluded Saturday in Baltimore.

[[headline]] Wife of Bomb Victim Accused of His Killing [[/headline]]
Jonesboro, Tenn., July 15 [Special]–The wife of a man killed last April 30 by a dynamite bomb in what then was thought to have been a labor bombing was arrested in her home near here yesterday as her husband's slayer.
The arrest was based on information gathered by special investigators hired by Washington county and followed the arrest May 25 of a neighbor described as a good friend of the wife.
The wife is Mrs. Everett Jenkins, 32, mother of a daughter, Toni, 3. The nieghbor is J. Lloyd Jones, 43, a divorced man who runs a small contracting business and lives with a brother a few doors from the Jenkins home in the Sulphur Springs community.
[[bold]] Bomb Wired to Ignition [[/bold]]
Jenkins was killed when he turned the ignition key in his car in front of his home preparatory to driving to work in the plant of the Blue Ridge Glass corporation in Kingsport, Tenn. Investigation showed that dynamite had been placed under the driver's seat and touched off by a detonator wired to the car's ignition system.
Labor strife was originally suspected as motivation for the slaying because Jenkins had obtained his job at the glass company after the start of a violence ridden strike against the company by a local of the United Glass and Ceramic Workers union. Seventeen previous dynamite bombings had been linked to goon violence arising from the strike.
[[bold]] Arrested in Home [[/bold]]
Investigators hired by the county to inquire into the Jenkins slaying are D. C. Peterson, a detecive for the Clinchfield railroad, and G. C. Shoun, a former police detective of nearby Johnson City.
Peterson and Shoun went to the Jenkins home shortly after midnight yesterday and arrested Mrs. Jenkins on a murder warrant. She was taken to a jail in an adjoining county and questioned for several hours. Reportedly she insisted she is innocent and

Mrs. Jenkins and daughter, Toni.

pointed to a lie detector test she took – and passed – several weeks ago.
The investigators said they have evidence that Mrs. Jenkins appeared shortly before the slaying at a Kingsport hardware story and exchanged fuses and dynamite caps for an electric detonator.
[[bold]] $25,000 Bail Set [[/bold]]
Mrs. Jenkins was released yesterday afternoon on $25,000 bail for a preliminary hearing on July 26. Her father, Raleigh Martin, and a neighbor, Daniel Ferguson, signed her bond.
Jones, who has waived preliminary hearing, is also at linerty on $25,000 bail.

Chicago's Railway Express Agency drivers, members of Teamsters local 720, last night voted unanimously to accept the company's latest contract offer which grants them 29 cent an hour pay increases. The drivers have been on strike since April 23.
James E. O'Hara, local secretary-treasurer, said 15 cents of the raise will be retroactive to Jan. 16, 1956, when the old contract expired. The retroactive pay had been the big stumbling block in negotiations. The drivers will receive another 7 cents Nov. 1, and 7 cents more on Nov. 1, 1958. The new contract would expire Nov. 1, 1959.
About 1,000 of the drivers are employed in Chicago and another 3,000 in six other cities. If locals accept the new proposal, a meeting is to be held in New York City later this week to make the agreement final.

[[headline]] Dutch Liner Sinks Near New Guinea [[/headline]]
THE HAGUE, Netherlands, July 16 [Tuesday]–(AP)–A Dutch [KLM] air liner with 68 persons aboard crashed in
flames into the sea off New Guinea today, KLM headquarters said.
The line said there was no information on casualities.
The plane crashed five miles from the air field of Biak, New Guinea, where it had taken off with 59 passengers and a crew of nine for a flight to Manila.
The KLM [Royal Dutch Airlines] said the known survivors were 11 passengers and a stewardess.
Nothing was known of the fate of the 56 other persons.
KLM said the plane, a Lockheed Constellation, crashed at 3:40 a. m., Biak time.
[[bold]] 3 Passengers Britons [[/bold]]
It was on a regular flight and most of the passengers were civil servants and navy men with their families.
Three of the passengers were British and the others Dutch.
Two of the Britons were headed for Manila and one for Amsterdam. The crew was Dutch.
The name of the plane was The Neutron.
[[bold]] Once a U.S. Base [[/bold]]
Biak, also called Wiak, is the largest of the Schouten islands, off northwestern New Guinea. It is at the entrance of Geelvink bay and is 50 miles long and 25 wide.
The Japanese used it as a base in World War II but United States forces took it and used it as a base for bombers and fighters operating against the Japanese at sea and in the Philippines.
KLM operates a twice weekly Amsterdam-Biak service.
[[bold]] Social Security OK'd for Police and Firemen [[/bold]]
Washington, July 15 (R)–The house ways and means committee today approved a bill to allow police and firemen, who are already covered by retirement systems, to elect to come under federal social security.


[[headline]] HIKE SCHOOL CTA FARE, CUT SHUTTLE COST [[/headline]]
[[bold]] Token Rate 11 1/4c for Pupils [[/bold]]
The Chicago transit authority board yesterday voted a cash fare increase from 10 to 13 cents with a token rate of 11 3/4 cents for children under 12 and school pupils, and grave shuttle break by cutting this fare 1 1/4 cents.
The new fares, however, will not become effective immediately because of the necessity of ordering new tokens and readjusting fare boxes.
[[bold]] Affect Other Runs [[/bold]]
Still another change will be the application of the new 11 1/4 cent token in the fares for elevated trips between Chicago and Evanston, Willmetter, and Westchester, and the combination "L"-motor bus runs between Chicago and Skokie.
With the new 11 1/4 cent token, the new over-all otken rate for these "inter-city" or suburban trips will be 33 3/4 cents, representing a reduction of 1 1/4 cent from the present token rate of 35 cents.
Use of the new token rate for shuttle buses and the Evanston and other "intercity" service also will be delayed until a new supply of tokens is obtained and the fare boxes adjusted.
[[bold]] May Take Six Weeks [[/bold]]
"We will not be able to put the new 11 1/4 cent token in effect in less than six week," Walter J. McCarter, CTA general manager, said. Other officials indicated it would take somewhat longer.
It was estimated that children and school pupils account for 60 million rides a year, or 9.7 per cent of the CTA's total of 620 million rides. Shuttle bus rides total 5,300,000 a year, or 0.85 per cent of the grand total, and Evanston and other "intercity" riders amount to 4 1/4 million a year, or 0.7 per cent.
In the meantime, the new 12 1/2 cent token rate will continue to apply to the shuttle buses, and the present token rate of 35 cents for Evanston and other suburbs also will prevail. There was no change made in the 38 cent cash fare for the Evanston and the other "intercity" runs, or the 14 cent cash fare for shuttle buses.
[[bold]] Represents Compromise [[/bold]]
Yesterday's decision on the 11 1/4 cent token for children and school pupils represented a compromise among the six members of the board. On July 2, a token of 12 1/4 cents and 13 cent cash fare were proposed for pupils, but some board members objected.
It was at the July 2 meeting that the board voted the new basic fares of 25 cents cash and 22 1/2 cents with tokens.
The ordinance adopted yesterday stated that the new 11 1/4 cent token would be sold in lots of 4 for 45 cents. It was estimated the adjustment of more than 3,000 fare boxes to handle this new token, the present basic 22 1/2 cent token, and the new 25 cent cash fare would cost the CTA approximately $250,000.
In another action the board, by a split vote of 4 to 2, refused to eliminate the present premium suburban fare of 38 cents cash and 35 cents for tokens for Chicago riders using the Howard st., Morse av., and Loyola av. stations of the Evanston express.
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