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consensus concerning the likely availability of such aircraft in the near future.  The reaction is becoming clear.  It is doubtful that any economically feasible commercial design capable of providing competitive transportation service in our urban centers will be produced in the next decade.

6. [[italics]]Resurgence of STOL.[[italics]]  In recent years, renewed interest has been manifested by the aircraft industry in the production of STOL aircraft.  Several aircraft types have recently been offered and several others are under development.  There appears to be a growing realization that this phase of the industry has been much  neglected and that a considerable market lies waiting to be tapped.

For these reasons the time is ripe to consider the exploitation of STOL aircraft in the New York area.  If this is to be done, it should take place at waterfront locations, in a manner made clear as this article progresses.  That is, since expansion of helicopter service is not likely and since other forms of VTOL design are premature by at least a decade, New York must consider developing on its waterfront specially designed strips long enough to accommodate STOL aircraft now available.

To substantiate the feasibility of such operations as soon as practicable, interim operations should be inaugurated on a day-night VFR (Visual Flight Rules) basis.  The initiation of full IFR (Instrument Flight Rules) operation should await the availability of multi-engine aircraft designed specifically for all-weather operations in this market.  The system requirements for all-weather operations, including navigation aids, communications, low-visibility lighting and air-traffic control, will be the subject of an article in a coming issue of A/A.

[[italics]]Toward a Balanced Metropolitan Transportation System.[[italics]] One of the most serious difficulties in the existing transportation complex of New York id its lack of balance - an insufficient spread of alternatives of speed, comfort, and con-


The City Center needs transportation avenues, close in and flexible.  STOL aircraft, available now, present the means to provide the needed service.  This article takes, as an example of possible STOL application, Manhattan Island and its decaying waterfront.  The New York waterfront contains several sites ideally suited for use as Stolports.  Two-runway Stolports can be constructed within the exiting Manhattan pierhead capable of accommodating 80-100 aircraft per hour; the total cost of such a Stolport would be approximately $3 million.  Present capacity of 1000 passenger per hour for such a Stolport should double within the next three years as improved aircraft become available.  The Hudson River and the Lower Bay offer excellent STOL approach routes to and from New York's central business district.


Typical Plan

Prepared: FAA Eastern Region

February 1966
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