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was commenced over this route  On July 1, 1953, the airline started carrying passengers between these airports becoming what is believed to be the world's first scheduled passenger helicopter service. In December, 1952, NYA started its first air mail operations over the north route which reaches out to Bridgeport, Connecticut via intermediate points from LaGuardia Airport. In June, 1953, similar opera-tion was begun over the south route between Newark Airport and Trenton, New Jersey via intermediate points. Each suburban route is connected to all three airports.

Within its two-year history, NYA has physically made great strides and is now aggressively seeking solutions to the longer range problems of:

1) Obtaining suitable multi-engine equipment
2) Obtaining suitable navigational aids to permit uninterrupted passenger service
3) Obtaining suitable heliports in the metropolitan Manhattan area to permit full development of traffic potential.

With these longer range problems solved, the management is confident that a further rapid expansion of the company will follow and that operations can be placed on a competitive and profitable basis.

ROUTES The Certificate of Convenience and Necessity awarded NYA to carry mail, property, and passengers by helicopter within New York City metropolitan area is subject to renewal on March 31, 1957. This includes an area within about a 65-mile radius of Manhattan with perimeter points of Trenton, New Jersey; Dover, New Jersey; Peekskill, New York; Bridgeport, Connecticut; Freeport, Long Island; and Asbury Park, New Jersey. Amendment has also established Farmingdale, Long Island (Republic and Grumman plants) as a perimeter point. Routes of Nya are designated as A.M. 111 with terminals at LaGuardia Air-port, Idlewild Airport, and Newark Airport. Routes so far have developed on the following circuits:

The Inter-Airport Shuttle Route: The confusing airport facilities surrounding metropolitan New York provides a natural potential for helicopter service. Idlewild Airport is designated as the international airport of entry and also handles several domestic flights especially those using larger aircraft such as Transcontinental and Miami DC-7 flights, LaGuardia and Newark Airports which are sepa-rated by Manhattan Island also continue to be active domestic air terminals. Connecting passengers, mail, and cargo between flights arriving and departing the different airports currently require considerable bus and truck transportation and consume a great deal of time. The potentials of this airport transfer traffic have been estimated by various airline services, but none of the estimates appear adaptable to indicate an accurate potential for the helicopter service. These services do show, however, that the largest potential for regular helicopter service exists between the hours of 5 p.m. and mid-night. Under current operation conditions, which are restricted to daylight operations for passengers, the major part of this potential will be missed until this problem is circumvented.

From July 1, 1953, when passenger operations between these airports started to November 30, 1953, 1,062 passengers were carried a total of 21,548 passenger miles.

Besides the passenger potential, there is a basic demand for transfer of air mail between airports. Over these routes in 1953 to November 30, mail carried amounted to 3,171,022 pounds. Airport cargo transfer offers a growing potential but as yet is limited to smaller express type shipments. Larger equipment will be required to tap this potential in volume. In 1953, to November 30, cargo carried over this route amounted to 111,286 pounds.

The North Route: This route was started as an air mail service and air parcel post route in December, 1952, and also carries general cargo, but no passengers. Current schedules operated four times daily connect LaGuardia Airport with Bridgeport on two flights with at least one stop at Norwalk and Stamford. The other two flights connect LaGuardia with Nyack with at least one stop at Yonkers, Pleasantville, White Plains, New Rochelle. These flights do not operate on Sundays and holidays and one flight on either route does not operate on Saturdays.

The South Route: Started as an air mail and air parcel post route in May, 1953, and currently operates without cargo and passengers twice daily between Newark Airport and Trenton with stops at Peth Amboy, Red Bank, Long Branch, Asbury Park, Heightstown, New Brunswick, Sommerville, Bound Brook, and South Plainfield.

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