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not pay taxes on their land, they do not stop to consider that the Indian tribes in days gone by gave up large areas of land in order to have a specific smaller tract reserved for their use, and that part of the agreement was that the land which they kept was to be theirs forever and was to be exempt from taxation. For this reason and others Indians are not charity patients of the Nation. Indians long ago bestowed great favors on the people of this Nation and are still doing their share on the battlefields and whatever they get in return is not to be considered as charity. All these things need to be said over and over, and they need to be said by the Indian people speaking though their organization and their spokesmen. I hope it is possible to have a discussion of the subject at any meetings including tribal council meetings before November 15, or, if there is no formally organized council on your reservation, that interested individuals can meet to discuss the matter. We had been planning to raise money so that we could pay the transportation and the expenses of the delegates who went to this convention. We decided, however, that if we waited until we could fine the money for this purpose our convention would have to be postponed, perhaps for a long time. It seemed more important to hold the convention at an earlier date even if it meant that many people who should be there would not be able to afford the cost. From talks which many of us have had with Indians in different parts of the country, we are convinced that many Indians will attend and others will want to attend this convention even though there is no way of paying for them. We want to urge your tribe or group to send at least one delegate to this convention. As already stated, this will be our first convention and therefore it will be actually an organizing convention where a firm foundation can be built and the basic policy of national Indian organization worked out. Up to now a greater number of those who have taken part in our meetings have been employees of the Indian Service. We do not want this to continue any longer than necessary as we realize that the organization will not be a real Indian organization so long as this continues. Unless the Indians on the reservations take over leadership and responsibility, Indians will not have the right kind of organization needed. I sincerely hope that your tribe or group will do its part by sending representatives who will be prepared to work for a real union of Indians. As soon as you have reached a decision as to whether you plan to send a delegate to Denver, notify one of the area leaders listed at the bottom of this letter, whichever is located in your area. This is important, since he will certify your official delegate so that he can be fully recognized as a delegate at the Denver convention. If your tribe is interested in sending a delegate but has no way of financing his trip, notify your area leader immediately so that he can advise you if he has information. Everyone is invited to attend this convention. It may turn out that your tribe cannot afford to send a delegate. In this case if there is a member of your tribe who can afford to pay his own expenses the council or group might consider endorsing him to act as a delegate and his name can be submitted to the area leader for certification. It should be clear that no decisions at the national convention made at the first session can be binding on any of the tribes.
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