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184         THE CRISIS 
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|   | Number. | Per cent. of total. | Increase, 1910-1900. |

| Division and State. | 1910. | 1900. | 1910. | 1900. | Number. | Per cent. |
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| United States—Total... | 9,828,294 | 8,833,994 | 10.7 | 11.6 | 995,300 | 11.3 |

Geographic Divisions:
| New England... | 66,294 | 59,099 | 1.0 | 1.1 | 7,195 | 12.2 |
| Middle Atlantic... | 417,849 | 325,921 | 2.2 | 2.1 | 91,928 | 28.2 |
| East North Central. | 300,779 | 257,842 | 1.6 | 1.6 | 42,937 | 16.7 |
| West North Central. | 243,241 | 237,909 | 2.1 | 2.3 | 5,332 | 2.2 |
| South Atlantic... | 4,112,487 | 3,729,017 | 33.7 | 35.7 | 383,470 | 10.3 |
| East South Central. | 2,652,506{ 2,499,886 | 31.5 | 33.1 | 152,620 | 6.1 |
| West South Central. | 1,984,397 | 
1,694,066 | 22.6 | 25.9 | 290,331 | 17.1 |
| Mountain... | 21,519 | 15,590 | 0.8 | 0.9 | 5,929 | 38.0 |
| Pacific... | 29,222 | 14,664 | 0.7 | 0.6 | 14,558 | 99.3 |

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¶ The colored people of Vancouver, B.C., have organized the Negro Christian Alliance for the purpose of championing the rights of colored people and raising their general status. Mr. Milton P. Fuller is president. They have bought a lot and will erect a hall for meetings. The organization is incorporated under the Benevolent Societies Act of British Columbia. 

¶ Wood's directory, 1912, of New Orleans shows the remarkable organization of the colored population of that city. They have six asylums and homes, thirty-nine churches, six clubs, three hospitals, sixteen schools and one theatre. There are 230 benevolent organizations and twenty-two trades unions. There are listed in the trade directory six bands, thirty-five contractors and builders, six dentists, nineteen physicians, seven druggists, three hotels, two industrial insurance companies, five lawyers, thirty-nine midwives and trained nurses, twenty-four music teachers, twenty-one painters and paperhangers, three photographers, eleven printers and blinders, eight tailors and eight undertakers.

¶ In Greenville, Miss., there are five colored physicians, an insurance society with assets of over $70,000; a grocery store, a bank, a pharmacy, three lawyers, a dozen churches, and four public schools. Most of the mechanics are employees in the oil mills are colored and the leading contractor, Mr. George Braddock, is colored. 

¶ A theatre designed exclusively for Negroes, at which only Negro talent will be employed, has just been opened in Chattanooga and is the only one of its kind in the state. The new theatre has a seating capacity of about 700, with six boxes on each side. The stage is equipped with every feature to be found in a first-class vaudeville house and good performances are promised.

¶ The "Flying Squadron," which is the name of the young women's auxiliary to the N.A.A.C.P., is holding a series of private entertainments preparatory to a larger affair in the spring. The first was held at the home of Miss Dora

[[image: THE CAPTAIN OF THE DRILL]]

Cole. The Utopia Neighborhood Club of New York, which is a similar organization for aiding and establishing a delinquent home for colored girls, has given a carnival, in which Miss M. G. Allison was captain of the drill. 

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    ALONG THE COLOR LINE  185 

¶ Francis L Holmes, the colored jumper of Chicago, competed at the athletic meet held in New York February 22. He may be chosen to make the trip to Stockholm in June. 

¶ The Fourth annual convention of the Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity was held at Ann  Arbor, Mich. This is a colored Greek-letter fraternity, which has twelve active chapters in the best universities of the country. Charles H. Garvin of Howard was elected president.
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          POLITICAL.

  Great activity has become manifest in Washington to secure the Negro vote. The colored officeholders are engaged in minimizing Mr. Tafts's wholesale dismissal of colored officers from the United States service.
  Two long conferences with these officeholders have been held at the White House when the proposed Hook appointment and the President's policy in the South were discussed. 

¶ The Negroes of Boley, Okla., have formed and Independent Voters' League, and declared they will vote in future regardless of political parties.

¶ A curious story comes from Washington with many earmarks of credibility: The recorder of deeds, H. L. Johnson, was appointed through the influence of Secretary Hitchcock. Secretary Hitchcock is now leaning toward the Roosevelt faction and has broken with Johnson. Johnson hastened to the White House and was received into the Taft camp, and is now promoting the election of Taft delegates in Georgia. 

¶ At the Republican dollar dinner held at Wheeling, W. Va., a colored man, Mr. E. J. Graham, Jr., was present and spoke. 

¶ Mr. A. P. Prioleau of South Carolina is again contesting the seat of G.S. Legare in the House of Representatives at Washington. 

¶ The Democrats of Delaware are vigorously denying that they have been promoting a Negro Democratic Club.
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       THE GHETTO.

  A bill has been presented to the legislature of Virginia to empower and authorize every country and city council in the State to prescribe the bounds for residential purposes of blacks and whites. There are penalties for violation of the law. 

¶ The mayor of Cincinnati has closed one of the prosperous colored theatres for reasons not clear to the colored people. 

¶ Dr. E. P. Roberts has been made physical examiner in the New York public schools. A few patrons of the school have made a faint protest, which has been ignored. 

¶ Ben Salter, a colored man of Pensacola, Fla., has entered suits for $70,000 damages in the Federal Court at Montgomery against seven prominent white farmers of Crenshaw county, Alabama, alleging that they were members of a mob which, in December, 1910, drove him and his family from their farm in Crenshaw county, burned Salter's dwelling house, destroyed and carried off property to the value of $2,500 and forced Salter to eave the State.
  Salter alleges that he was beaten by the mob and taken into custody b the sheriff of the county to save his life, and that after liberation he moved from Alabama to protect his life. 

¶ Mrs. Lily Hill, of Washington county, Tenn., has been pardoned b Governor Hooper. She was convicted last October and sentenced to eleven years and twenty-nine days in jail. The pardon record says: "It appears from the statement of the attorney-general that this colored woman is a respectable and well-behaved married woman and had been previously molested by the prosecuting witness in the case, and that she was assaulted by said prosecutor in a public street because she resented his attentions a second time, and, when she was pressed by him, drew a pistol from a handbag and shot him in the arm."

¶ The Baltimore & Ohio Railroad tried to establish a Jim Crow waiting room in Baltimore. The colored people compelled it to give up the project. 

¶ A colored attorney of Detroit has presented a protest to Governor Osborn of Michigan against the refusal of the State School at Coldwater to admit colored children. The governor promises to investigate.
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         EDUCATION.

  The Western University for Negroes at Quindaro, Kan., has erected a monument to John Brown at a cost of $2,000. The money was subscribed by colored people throughout the United States in small amounts. 

¶ Miss Urnestine Bell, a graduate of the normal department of Atlanta University in the class of 1910, received the highest grade of any teacher, white or colored, in Atlanta, in the examination for teacher's certificate.


 






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