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270                      THE CRISIS

Another colored Greek-letter school fraternity, known as the Kappa Alpha Nu, has been organized at the Universities of Indiana and Illinois.

The Florida Agricultural and Mechanical College, at Tallahassee, has opened a new hospital and nurses' training school.

Robert Biggs, an uninfluential school commissioner in Baltimore, has made an abortive attempt to reduce the curriculum of the colored high school. Another demagogue is proposing "Jim Crow" street cars.

THE new Andrew Memorial Hospital has been dedicated at Tuskegee Institute. The hospital cost $50,000 and on the occasion of its dedication visitors from the North and East were present. From Chicago Julius Rosenwald took a number of distinguished persons. Ella Flagg Young, superintendent of the Chicago public schools, said while in Tuskegee that she was interested in men and not in separate races.

Dr. Aaron Aaronson, director of the Jewish Agricultural Experiment Station in Palestine, said:

"What is the use of the intensification of race difference and race qualities? I do not believe there are superior or inferior races, but different races. There are superior or inferior individuals, but the claim of inherent race superiority is a conceit. I feel sure that the world is the richer and the man is the better when we try to bring out in every race and every individual the qualities and the energies they are best fitted to develop."

A State commission is investigating the affairs of the Negro Exposition Company in Philadelphia. It is said that the New Jersey people have decided to hold their celebration within the State.

A mass meeting of 2,000 persons in the Metropolitan Church, Washington, D. C., passed resolutions opposing "Jim Crow" legislation. They pointed to the fact that they paid taxes on $40,000,000 of rea estate and that the proposed legislation was designed to degrade, in the eyes of the civilized world, one-fourth of the inhabitants of the national capital. They said, among other things:

"Whereas, We colored people of the District of Columbia in mass meeting assembled, believe that after two and a half centuries of slavery and a half century of mob violence and insult that we have suffered enough.

"1. Resolved, That we protest most emphatically against the attempt to promote the growth of a local sentiment for the segregation of the races in the street cars of the national capital. 'Jim Crow' cars are a cheat. They do not afford equal accommodation. In all cases wherever local circumstances force a readjustment of the space prescribed for the races the colored people suffer. 'Jim Crow' cars are plainly in violation of the fundamental principles of the law of the common carrier, a principle which even the Supreme Court cannot square with the lading cases of the common law of England and of this country.

"We further protest against the enactment of a 'Jim Crow' car law because only a reactionary group seeks to introduce here customs of commonwealths in which the Fourteenth and Fifteenth Amendments are a dead letter, and where the spirit of liberty is suppressed.

"2. Resolved, That we protest against the railroading through the House of Representatives of a miscegenation law as an evasion of the most sacred of individual rights. Besides drawing a color line based on racial prejudice, it is clearly unconstitutional in that it prohibits people of sound mind, proper age and good moral character from exercising their common-law rights to enter into the marriage status.

"While the avowed purpose of the bill is to preserve the purity of the white race, it ignores indiscriminate sexual relations between the races, leaves woman unprotected against the brutal advances of vicious men and promotes domestic tragedies that are a blight upon our so-called Christian civilization.

"3. Resolved, That we beg leave to call the attention of those who are advocating this proposed discriminatory legislation to the fact that the colored people were induced in large measure to drop party lines in the recent presidential canvass and give their support to the first candidate since the Civil War from the South, whose triumph seemed a concrete illusion of the fact that sectional lines were obliterated; a candidate who himself expressed surprise that there could be the slightest distrust on the part of any citizen as to his security in the exercise

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of political rights so far as he himself was concerned. His incoming ought not to be embarrassed by reactionary measures and their advocates, especially at the seat of the national government."

Farmers' conferences of colored people have been held at Lane College, Jackson, Tenn., and at Demopolis, Ala.

At the National Federation of Religious Liberals recently held at Rochester, N. Y., the case of the Negro was discussed by the Hon. John E. Milholland and Mrs. A. W. Hunton.

THE centenary of the birth of David Livingstone was celebrated by Lincoln University on March 7. The address for the occasion was delivered by Mrs. Paul Laurence Dunbar.

Grace Morris Hutton, of Omaha, Neb., has completed the three-year advanced teachers' course in Bellevue College in one year and a half, and has received a State life certificate. She is the only colored woman who ever attended this college.

Mrs. Mary Church Terrell, of Washington, D. C., has delivered a second course of lectures on the Negro race in the United States at the Brooklyn Institute.

A memorial trophy committee, of which Dr. Louis E. Baxter is secretary, is collecting money for a trophy in honor of the late John B. Taylor, Jr. The prize will be competed for each year until won three times by one club or college.

Dr. J. W. Hawkins, a colored physician of Dawson, Ga., was the first to report meningitis in that city. The white city physician and a colleague declared that the cases were not meningitis and finally sent to Atlanta for experts who confirmed Dr. Hawkins' diagnosis. Dr. Hawkins owns a drug store, an automobile and considerable real estate.

David J. Gilmere, a colored captain in the Spanish-American War, returned to his home in Greensboro, N. C., and went into business. First he started a grocery store, then a drug store, barber shop and a restaurant. He also owns a 100-acre farm.

Fred R. Moore, publisher of the New York Age, has been confirmed by the United States Senate as minister to Liberia. He was nominated by ex-President Taft and will hold office until his successor is appointed by President Wilson. Moore was formerly messenger for a downtown bank.

James Hammond, an Oyster Bay (N. Y.) Negro, has died leaving an estate worth $30,000. He was 70 years old and could not read or write.

Dr. S. S. H. Washington, a practising physician of Montgomery, Ala., well known throughout the state, died recently.

Dr. C. H. Turner, the colored biologist of the Sumner High School of St. Louis, Mo., recently delivered three lectures before the Academy of Science in that city on bees, ants and wasps.

The Right Reverend Henry M. Turner, senior bishop of the African Methodist Church, has retired from active church work at the age of 80.

A modern Catholic church and school for colored people has been erected at Atlanta, Ga.; it is a three-story building of brick and stone, valued at $16,000.

In Richmond, Va., a Catholic college for the higher education of Negroes has been established. It has industrial departments.

The new Bethel Methodist Episcopal Church in West 132d Street, New York City, has been begun. It will cost $75,000.

THE sum of $2,250 is needed by July 1 to keep the residence of the late Samuel Coleridge-Taylor from being sold. It is proposed that the colored American admirers of Mr. Taylor and his work should raise this money. THE CRISIS would be very glad to give further details to persons interested in this project.

Mrs. Maud Cuney Hare and Mr. William H. Richardson, of Boston, Mass., are giving concerts in Texas.

The choral society of the Washington Conservatory of Music (Harry A. Williams, director) gave a choral concert, assisted by Felix Weir, violinist, o February 2, at the Howard Theatre, Washington, D. C. The soloists were Misses Jeanne Kelly, Alta B. Scott and A. Lillian Evans, soprani; Miss Enola McDaniels, alto; Mr. Adolph Hodge, bass.

In keeping with the Sunday concerts of serious purpose inaugurated this winter in New York and Boston, the Washington Con-
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