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Transcription: {SPEAKER name="Brooks B. Robinson"}

Now, some people, and you expressed the, the, um the importance of the thirties, forties, and fifties
as, uh, key decades for African American poets.

Some people consider that as a kind of calm before the storm, meaning the sixties.

{SPEAKER name="Eugene B. Redmond"}


You had a, you had a interesting kind of gestation period in the, in the fifties, where you had people like Lance Jeffers,
uh, Percy Johnston, uh, Jay Wright, Henry Dumas, uh, and many many others.
Uh, Leroy Jonas and Clarence Major. Ted Joans, J-O-A-N-S.

Uh, you had, uh, Bob Kaufman, the brilliant poet who helped make "the Beat" era.
He, uh, he wrote from San Francisco primarily, posing, citing a book called "Solitudes Crowded with Loneliness."
You had Russell Atkins.

These were the germinating forces. As, as, the decade of the fifties made a turn into the sixties. Right.
And, then, of course you have the early sixties people. Uh, very important writers,
who, formed kind of a gestation base for, the later, writers of the later sixties.

People like Larry Neil and Liberator Magazine, Diana Clark and uh, Freedom Raid Magazine.
Again, Negro Digest before it became Black Royalty, 1970, with Hart Fuller and Hamilton Bems.
Julia Fields was writing. Mario Evans was writing.
So you had this period, um, in the 9th, in the era of the 1960s, uh, where again, the literary expressions reflected the social turbulence of the time.

So, a lot, a lot of the ponds that were what- civil rights, freedom rides, you know, sit-ins, the march on Washington, jobs and freedom. Okay
black and white together we shall overcome.

But then of course, around 1965, with Watts and Newark and Harlem and St. Louis and Dallas.
Detroit, something else occurred.
The writers who had been associated with Snake and Corps, and NAACP Youth Council, and so on,
took to the streets. Literally, to the streets.
They been in the streets but then they started forming their own organi.....

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