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Day, August 22. 1926. 3E

Getting that First Job- Room for Good Dentists Everywhere; Lucrative Practice Not Hard to Get

Only 50,000 Following Profession in the Whole United States


Columbia and Other Colleges Lifting Standards But Course Is Not Difficult

Where can the young man or woman who has just finished school or college turn for a job?
What chance is there for a beginner?
What is the future of the job?
What are the qualifications?
What natural aptitudes must I have?
What training is essential?
How large is the field?
What is the future of the chosen line of work?
How do I get a job?
In this series The World is giving a bird's-eye view of the changes of success in a variety of professions and trades. The opportunities offered are being outlined without false generalizations by practical leaders. 
These articles will be gound each Sunday in this section of The World.

THE old idea of an ailing tooth was, "have it out." As one might speak of a sliver in the finger, the obvious remedy was to remove the thing which offended.

The common conception of the troubling tooth was that it was as extraneous a thing as the intrusive sliver. People had little realization of the intimate connection between the body's health and a healthy mouth. 

Modern dentistry is changing that. So much so that most modern hospitals are taking dentists on their staffs. The Mayo clinics has for a number of years had a separate dental staff to examine all patients and contribute their findings for diagnosis and treatment. And the larger colleges of dentistry are taking their students into hospitals so that they may realize fully that the teeth and mouth contribute a great share to the health or illness of the entire body.

With this growing realization of the importance of dentistry, the standards of the profession are growing higher.

Now that people are aware that men and women often die from abcessed teeth and the septicemia which sets in, that prolonged illnesses may be caused by a diseased condition of the mouth, the old conception of a dentist as a man primarily to pull teeth is passing away. The dentist goes through two years training in fundamental biological studies which are practically identical with the first two years' training of a physician. And the better dental colleges are beginning to require the same preliminary study as that required by Class A medical colleges.

Sympathy, Good Vision 
and Coolness Ne[[word cut off]]

Years of training and sound scientific study must lie behind the skillful fingers of a dentist. And, like the surgeon, the dentist must express his knowledge by means of manual dexterity; unless he has "wise fingers" the wisdom of his brain will count for little. 

In addition to manual dexterity, the would-be dentist must possess an unusually sound constitution, excellent eyesight, calm temperament and a sympathetic personality. Given these attributes, he may consider dentistry as a profession. 

What then will be the course of training he must pursue? How much time and money will he have to spend before he can establish himself? What are his ultimate chances of success and of financial independence? Where is the need for dentists greatest?

In order to clarify these and many other questions arising in the minds of young people who are considering [[end of column]] 



Dr. Leuman Waugh

the study of dentistry Dr. Leuman Waugh, Associate Director of the College of Dental and Oral Surgery, Columbia University, agreed to discuss the requirements and the opportunities of the profession. 

Dr. Waught [[Waugh]] was interviewed in the temporary absence of Dr. Frank T. Van Woert, director of the school. "There are 110,000,000 people in this country and 50,000 dentists," Dr. Waugh said. "That means only one dentist to more than 2,000 persons. Obviously, then, the field for more good dentists is large. In some communities of the South and West there is an urgent need for more dental practitioners.

"Preliminary training required in New York State is the same as that required for Class A medical schools. This means two years training in an academic college after high school, including some compulsory subjects, among them qualitative analysis and organic chemistry.

Columbia Striving
To Raise Standards

"Columbia University has been a leader in the attempt to raise the standards of entrance requirements. The University of the State of New York has been in sympathy with the high standard, and by an act of the Legislature no dental school in the state can admit students on a lower standard of preliminary training than that required by Class A medical schools. 

"Many colleges in other States have not as yet come up to this requirement and therefore their graduates are not eligible to a licensing examination for practice in New York State without taking an additional year in some dental school in the State. 

"The actual course of training requires four years.

"The first two years are devoted to fundamental biological studies and are practically identical with the training of the first two years of medicine. The degree of bachelor of science in dentistry is conferred at Columbia upon the successful completion of these two years. 

"The last two years are devoted intensively to strictly dental subjects, embracing a great deal of technical and clinical training, at the end of which time the students are gradua- [[ end of column]] ated with the degree of doctor of dental surgery and are eligible for the licensing examination."

Dr. Waugh was asked as to the difficulty of these four years' study and whether many who attempted them fell by the wayside. 

Diligent Students
Seldom Fail 

"Granted proper preparation, I should not say that the course was extremely difficult," he replied. 

"Earnest application day by day during the entire course is the most important requisite. The student cannot hope to loaf and catch up. But the students who apply themselves rarely fail to make a good passing grade. 

"Personal qualities? The personal qualities necessary for success, like those of a surgeon, are linked with a good deal of mechanical skill– what I should call digital dexterity. 

"In dentistry mental attributes are naturally of primary importance for success, [[?]] and in any calling. However, this intelligence is expressed in terms of practice by means of adept fingers.

"Unless the surgeon is clever with his scalpel he cannot hope to succeed. The same cleverness is required in dentistry.

"The profession requires physical attributes in excess of almost any other calling. One must have a strong constitution to remain indoors all day in close contact often with germs of disease. A tranquil, sympathetic make-up is required; excellent eyesight is a necessity, and almost limitless patience is called for. A pleasing personality, of course, helps on the road to success.

"Our leading dental schools are endeavoring more and more to predetermine the fitness of prospective students, during the predental years, as to mechanical ability, quality of eyesight and temperamental fitness."  

Education Costs
About $1,000 a Year

The young man, then, who chooses dentistry as a profession must look forward to at least six years of training. The average cost of these years of training is about $1,000 a year; approximately $6,000 will be invested before there can be any hope for financial returns. He will naturally ask what [[end of column]]

Income of Practitioners Exceeds that of Average Doctor


But Those Who Are Fitted for the Calling Are Certain of Permanent Incomes

reward is in store for him, what his chances of usefulness are and what his hopes for financial independence. 

Dr. Waugh answers these questions as follows:

"As I have said, the field is far from crowded. One dent[[i]]st to 2,000 people is far from enough. There are many small communities where the need for dentists is a crying one. 

"The average graduate, however, prefers the city practice. There are a number of reasons for this. one is the professional advantage to be gained from frequent attendance upon professional meetings. Another is the opportunity for altruistic work to be done in the fast increasing number of public dental clinics. 

"Some may be attracted by the hope of a more lucrative practice. But I do not believe that this is general. If a man is looking for an easy life and a god income, his best hope is to settle in a community of moderate size. Life is less strenuous there, and it is far easier for a young man to establish himself. He may not, perhaps, reach the heights of his profession, but he is more assured of a steady, comfortable income. 

Capable Dentists
Needed Everywhere

"There is room for a good dentist everywhere. But in large centres the establishing of a practice is usually slow uphill work. Many recent graduates associate themselves with older men of established reputation before launching out for themselves. 

"The young man who is not impatient, who is willing to go in with an older man of the right type and develop himself, will find the earlier years less lucrative, but in the later years may find himself in a position far above men who start out for themselves. 

"In smaller cities, young men usually open their own offices. Here they are likely to be assured a lucrative practice from the start. 

Earn More Money
Than Average Doctor

"As to the rewards in general, I should say that dentistry pays well as a profession, but that few dentists get rich. The income of the average dentist I believe to be above that of the average physician. But few dentists ever earn so much as the most highly successful physicians. 

"The reason for this is obvious. A surgeon may perform an operation which saves a life. If the patient is wealthy, the fee is likely to be great. Dentistry does not have quite the intimate connection with life and death that medicine and surgery have. SO the dentist is usually satisfied with less spectacular rewards. 

"Of course many people die from abscessed teeth. There is a rapidly growing appreciation of the serious bodily illness which may result from infected teeth and jaws. But the services of a dentist are less likely to be needed in an emergency; his service in saving life is not usually urgent or immediate. Therefore the extremely high fees are not likely to be his. 

"But the necessary share of the dentist in health preservation is becoming more and more recognized. No health union or centre is complete without the services of its dentist. Dentists are being added to hospital staffs.

"Presbyterian hospital, which is part of the new Columbia Medical Centre, has a dental staff composed of members of the faculty of the College of Dentistry. The college has an increasing number of dental internships in leading hospitals. 

The Political Undertow in Washington

By Charles Michelson

WASHINGTON, Aug. 21– In the discussion of whether Mr. Coolidge is going to be a candidate to succeed himself and whether Gov. Smith or somebody else will be nominated for the Presidency by the Democrats, rarely is there a mention of Charles G. Dawes. Yet a Vice President has a future to consider as well as a [[column cuts off]]

the session to be prolonged beyond the statutory hour for adjournment. 

The General, despite the explosion with which he celebrated his first appearance, has not succeeded in dispelling the fog of obscurity that goes with the job. He sits in his elaborate offices, when he is not in the chair, usually in solitary state, for there is nothing for him to be consulted about. Whatever Senator is called upon to 
[[column cuts off]]

the Presidency, but in the reckoning the possibilities of the next Republican National Convention he is usually placed last on the list. His espousal of the Farm Relief Bill that the President would not consider might qualify him for some of the delegates from the Middle West, but Lowden is on his way there, with a much stronger title to the granger votes. 

"Coolidge May S[[u]]pport Hoover
[[column cuts off]]

Coolidge for his running mate again. 

Perhaps Dawes will be drafted regardless of his inclination or the desire of the Senate to tread on him. There is small competition among the important men for the place. Longworth has been mentioned as one that Mr. Coolidge would wish to see on the ticket with him. Perhaps for the same reason that they made Roosevelt run in spite of his pro-
[[column cuts off]]

Transcription Notes:
The article is split into columns like a typical article but I transcribed down an entire column before moving to the next like how it would typically be read

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