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Although some dissenting opinion on this subject has been heard from industry quarters, the pilots feel that this is the right way to go about the problem. Incidentally, at the most recent meeting in August, 1951, the pilots were very pleased with the reception that was accorded their points of view and we would like to take the opportunity to assure the industry that this was not a flash in the pan effort. Sayen(7) has said: "The pilot's welfare is tied to the safety and dependability of the operation of his aircraft. A large part of the activity of ALPA must, therefore, be devoted to doing all possible for an increased standard of air safety. If there is a malfunction of any of the complex component parts which make up the modern aircraft, the airline pilot is the first one who will be cognizant of such defects and who may suffer from their inadequacy or malfunctioning. He must, then, be in a position to make his voice heard on such matters and he must be a powerful and independent spokesman in the field of air safety." CONCLUSION In this paper the author has tried to show the great importance of airline safety to the sound and rapid development of this still growing industry and to point out 27 some areas where improvement can be readily made. Airline safety is influenced by many factors, but is appears that the human limitation factor is the one offerring the best chance for improvement of the presently stabalized record, not by more severe selection or training, but rather by designing operations and equipment to more adequately conform with human ability. By implementing the three suggestions, mandatory reverse pitch, "shoe strings and rubber bands", and a terrain warning device, it appears likely that fatalities could be cut 25%, accidents by 20%, and "pilot error" accidents by 40%. In these cases, human limitations would remain the same, but the tools would be designed to overcome them. The pilot's success in flying the plane is, after all, the ultimate test of all safety efforts. As Sayen has said, the pilot is the first to know when things go wrong and he can often in advance sense the chance of things going wrong. This paper has been an attempt to present a few ideas from the "men up front" as to how to raise the safety level. To quote the Colonial Airlines slogan, "Safety is no accident". It is rather the result of the proper integration of a sound design with good operations. We feel that, in the past, in accomplishing this integration more attention has been given to economic factors than to human limitations. 28
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