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8       CONSTITUTION OF ARKANSAS

process for obtaining witnesses in his favor; and in prosecutions by indictment or presentment, a speedy public trial by an impartial jury of the county or district in which the crime may have been committed; and shall not be compelled to give evidence against himself.
  
Sec. 12. That np person shall for the Sam offense, be twice put in jeopardy of life or limb.
  
Sec. 13. That all penalties shall be reasonable, and proportioned to the nature of the offense.
  
Sec. 14. That no man shall be put to answer any criminal charge, but by presentment, indictment or impeachment, except as hereinafter provided.
  
Sec. 15. That no conviction shall work corruption of blood or forfeiture of estate, under any law of this state.
  
Sec. 16. That all prisoners shall be bailable by sufficient securities, unless in capital offenses, where the proof is evident or the presumption great. And the privilege of the writ of habeas corpus shall not be suspended, unless where in case of rebellion or invasion the sublime safety may require it.
  
Sec. 17. That excessive bail shall in no case be required, nor excessive fines imposed.
  
Sec. 18. That no ex post facto law, or law impairing the obligations of contracts shall ever be made.
  
Sec. 19. That perpetuities and monopolies are contrary to the genius of a republic, and shall not be allowed; nor shall any hereditary emoluments, privileges or honors, ever be granted or conferred in this State.
  
Sec. 20. That the citizens have a right, in a peaceable manner, to assemble together for their common good to instruct their representatives, and to apply to those invested with the power of the government for redress of grievances or other proper purposes, by address of remonstrance. 
  
Sec. 21. That the free white man of this State shall have a right to keep and to bear arms for their common defense.
  
Sec. 22. That no soldier shall, in time of peace, be quartered in any house without the consent of the owner, nor in time of war, but in a manner prescribed by law.
  
Sec. 23. The military shall be kept in strict subordination to the civil power.
  
Sec. 24. This enumeration of rights shall not be construed to deny or disparage others retained by the people, and to guard against any encroachments on the rights herein retained, or any transgression of any of the higher powers herein delegated, we declare that every thing in this article is excepted out of the general powers of the government, and shall forever remain inviolate; and that all laws contrary thereto, or to the other provisions herein contained, shall be void.

CONSTITUTION OF ARKANSAS  9

ARTICLE III.

OF DEPARTMENTS.

Section I. The power of the government of the State of Arkansas shall be divided into three different departments, each of them to be confided to a separate body of magistracy, to-wit; Those which are legislative to one; those which are executive to another; and those which are judicial to another.

Sec. 2. No person or collection of persons being of one of those departments shall exercise any power belonging to either of the others, except in the instances hereinafter expressly directed or permitted.

ARTICLE IV.

LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT.

Section 1. The legislative power of this State shall be invested in a general assembly, which shall consist of a Senate and House of Representatives.

QUALIFICATIONS OF ELECTORS

Sec. 2. Every free white male citizen of the United States who shall have attained the age of twenty-one years, and who shall have been a citizen of the State six months next preceding the election, shall be deemed a qualified elector, and be entitled to vote in the county or district where he actually resides, or in case of volunteer soldiers, within their several military departments or districts, for each and every office made elective under the State or under the United States; Provided, That no soldier, seaman or marine in the regular army or navy of the United States shall be entitled to vote at any election within the State in time of peace; And provided further, That any one entitled to vote in this State in the county where he resides, may vote for the adoption or rejection of this constitution in any county in this State.

TIME OF CHOOSING REPRESENTATIVES.

Sec. 3. The House of Representatives shall consist of members to be chosen every second year by the qualified electors of the several counties.
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