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[[underlined]] Chapter V. [[/underlined]] 88.

[[strikethrough]] XLV [[/strikethrough]] ^[[14),]] marking the spot, we felt sure, where there had been another gate. This, in respect to its position, almost exactly coincided with that of the Fu-ang Mên 覆盎門 (D on the plan) as shown on the old Chinese maps, and there seems no reason to doubt this identification.
Flanking this second gap on either side, on top of the rampart were the badly eroded stumps of two smaller mounds. These, it seemed likely, had once supported twin gate-towers, [[superscript]] (60) [[/superscript]] doubtless of wood; for in the earth
[[superscript]] (60) [[/superscript]] The Chinese gate-tower of later centuries, as is well known, has been a single structure, usually of two or three storeys, placed directly above the opening in the city-wall which it was designed to protect. What appears to have been the older type, with twin towers flanking the gateway, is still however to be seen in a few provincial towns.
about their bases were embedded numbers of large roofing-tiles of the kind already mentioned. Such gate-towers appear sometimes at least to have been connected by a covered gallery of wood extending from side to side of the opening, above the gateway proper (see fig. [[strikethrough]] 14). [[/strikethrough]] ^[[17).]]

[[underlined]] Apparent Remains of a Causeway [[/underlined]]
Opposite the outer end of this second gap in the [[underlined]] agger [[/underlined]] and extending thence directly across the moat to the counterscarp, we found what looked as though it had once been a causeway, now much broken down. This, as far as we could tell, had not been constructed of [[underlined]] terre pisée [[/underlined]] but had been merely a strip of the original soil, left untouched when the moat was dug. Over its remains passed a deeply rutted road, still used by the country carts. We had noticed nothing similar at the first opening in the rampart, that at the southeastern corner of the ancient city---perhaps as additional indication that the gap there had been cut subsequently to the building of the wall. At all events, had there ever been a causeway there, it had completely disappeared; perhaps at that point the moat had been spanned by a wooden bridge, supported on piling.
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