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Derivatives of a lang: (1) morphological processes, (2) parts of speech

[[strikethrough]] [[Items?]] [[/strikethrough]]
I How morphological processes function

[[circled]] 1 [[/circled]] Affixation - How does this affect
(a) stress
(b) juncture

[[circled]] 2 [[/circled]] Internal change
vocalic - feed-food [[insert]] absent in Creole [[strikethrough]] eat [[/strikethrough]] it = food [[/insert]], sing-song, shoot-shot, bite-bit, fill-full, heal-hole. 
Consonantal - calf-calve, sheath-sheathe, advice-advise, rent-rend.
Combined with vocalic change - grass-graze, breath-breathe
Accentual - impòrt (n), impórt (vb), tránsfèr (n), trànsfér (vb)
Combined with vocalic change - cóndùct (n), condúct (vb), fréquent (adj), frequént (vb). 
Note accentual change combined with affixation in history, histórian, prófit-pròfitéer, élement-èleméntary, húman-humánity. 
note also changes [[insert]] involving [[underlined]] th [[/underlined]][[/insert]] in [[underlined]] wide [[/underlined]]-width, long [[insert]] láŋgǎ=long [[/insert]]-length, [[insert]] absent in Creole [[/insert]] steal, stealth.

[[left margin]] laŋga-laŋga=snake used in speaking to children at night about snakes. The usual word is snɛk. [[/left margin]]

[[circled]] 3 [[/circled]] Zero modification: of [[underlined]] my back - a back vowel - back up - go back [[/underlined]] 

II Parts of speech

[[circled]] 1 [[/circled]] Paradigms in which one member is clearly the underlying word: [[strikethrough]] man (n) [[/strikethrough]] king (n) - kingdom; child (n) children; man (n) unman; beauty (n.) beautify; red (adj) redness, long-length; ride (vb) rider, grow-growth; up (adv) uppish, upward. 
[[circled]] 2 [[/circled]] Paradigms in which the underlying word is not morphologically marked. [[underlined]] Iron [[/underlined]] is heavy, [[underlined]] iron [[/underlined]] bar, success-succeed; tiny-teeny; hole-heal, [[underlined]] fast [[/underlined]] (vb), [[underlined]] fast [[/underlined]] (n)
[[circled]] 3 [[/circled]] Paradigms consisting of primary formations (a primary formation is a derivative whose base is a bound morpheme; the prefixes [[underlined]] con-, ex, in, pre- [[/underlined]] in contend, extend, intend, pretend act as primary affixes.): 
perception-conception, nation-native, stupor-stupid, famine-famish, civil-civic, regular-regulate, persuade-dissuade. 
Please note that the language and terminology used in this collection reflects the context and culture of the time of its creation, and may include culturally sensitive information. As an historical document, its contents may be at odds with contemporary views and terminology. The information within this collection does not reflect the views of the Smithsonian Institution, but is available in its original form to facilitate research. For questions or comments regarding sensitive content, access, and use related to this collection, please contact