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Syntactic Form - Classes The centers of our substantive expressions are substantives of various types ([[underlined]] John, horses, she [[/underlined]]); the centers of our finite vb. expressions are finite verbs; from our coordinative expressions we get coordinators ([[underlined]] and, or [[/underlined]]); from exocentric phrases we get prepositions ([[underlined]] for, of, in [[/underlined]]) [[strikethrough]] , & [[/strikethrough]] and subordinating conjunctions ([[underlined]] when, as, if [[/underlined]]). These are called parts of speech. Substantives, which serve as centers in the actor position) can be divided into smaller form-classes (nouns, pronouns). Analysis of a Form-Class Expressions which serve as actors in the actor-action constr - i.e, the nominative substantive expressions. [[circled]] 1 [[/circled]] Congruence ([[underlined]] I am, he [[insert]] John, the house [[/insert]] is, [[strikethrough]] you are [[/strikethrough]] we (you, John & Bill, they, [[/underlined]] etc) [[underlined]] are [[/underlined]]. This classification enables us to distinguish sg. & pl. in nouns whose base is subject only to zero modification: [[underlined]] The sheep is running: The sheep are running. [[/underlined]] [[circled]] 2 [[/circled]] Subclasses Pronouns (never preceded by modifiers Proper nouns take no determiners [[circled]] 3 [[/circled]] Government Nom. for actor-action constr. & acc. for the vb. obj. constr It's I, It's me na₁ mi₂-₁ = it's I. na₁ dem₂-₁ = its they, [[strikethrough]] its [[/strikethrough]] na₁ dem₁ buk₂-₁ = it's their book.
believe it is "sg. & pl." short for singular and plural
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