Viewing page 19 of 20

Syntactic Form - Classes

The centers of our substantive expressions are substantives of various types ([[underlined]] John, horses, she [[/underlined]]); the centers of our finite vb. expressions are finite verbs; from our coordinative expressions we get coordinators ([[underlined]] and, or [[/underlined]]); from exocentric phrases we get prepositions ([[underlined]] for, of, in [[/underlined]]) [[strikethrough]] , & [[/strikethrough]] and subordinating conjunctions ([[underlined]] when, as, if [[/underlined]]). These are called parts of speech. Substantives, which serve as centers in the actor position) can be divided into smaller form-classes (nouns, pronouns). 

Analysis of a Form-Class

Expressions which serve as actors in the actor-action constr - i.e, the nominative substantive expressions. 

[[circled]] 1 [[/circled]] Congruence ([[underlined]] I am, he [[insert]] John, the house [[/insert]] is, [[strikethrough]] you are [[/strikethrough]] we (you, John & Bill, they, [[/underlined]] etc) [[underlined]] are [[/underlined]]. This classification enables us to distinguish sg. & pl. in nouns whose base is subject only to zero modification: [[underlined]] The sheep is running: The sheep are running. [[/underlined]]

[[circled]] 2 [[/circled]] Subclasses
Pronouns (never preceded by modifiers
Proper nouns take no determiners 

[[circled]] 3 [[/circled]] Government
Nom. for actor-action constr. & acc. for the
vb. obj. constr
It's I, It's me

na₁ mi₂-₁ = it's I.
na₁ dem₂-₁ = its they, [[strikethrough]] its [[/strikethrough]]
na₁ dem₁ buk₂-₁ = it's their book.

Transcription Notes:
believe it is "sg. & pl." short for singular and plural

Please note that the language and terminology used in this collection reflects the context and culture of the time of its creation, and may include culturally sensitive information. As an historical document, its contents may be at odds with contemporary views and terminology. The information within this collection does not reflect the views of the Smithsonian Institution, but is available in its original form to facilitate research. For questions or comments regarding sensitive content, access, and use related to this collection, please contact