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STANDARD TIME.

In this Almanac the risings and settings of the Sun and Moon are given in local mean time, as heretofore. The Tides are given in STANDARD TIME.

To change to STANDARD TIME add or subtract the minutes as given below, according as they are marked plus or minus.


Standard Time Divisions as adopted by the Railroads.

EASTERN STANDARD---75th Meridian.  Canada, between Quebec and Detroit,---U.S. east of Buffalo, N.Y.; Pittsburg, Pa.; Wheeling and Huntington, W. Va.; Bristol, Tenn.; Charlotte, N. C., and Augusta, Ga.

CENTRAL STANDARD---90th Meridian.  West from "Eastern" limits, as above, to Broadview, Canada; to the Missouri River in Dakota; North Platte and McCook, Nebraska; Wallace and Dodge City, Kansas; Toyah and Sanderson Texas.

MOUNTAIN STANDARD---105th Meridian.  West from "Central" limits to Heron, Montana; Ogden, Utah; Needles and Yuma, Arizona.

PACIFIC STANDARD---120th Meridian.  West from "Mountain" limits to coast.

--------
Correction for the following Cities.
--------
Eastern Standard.
75° [[degree symbol]] Longitude.
Bangor, Me. ......... - 25 Minutes.
Augusta, Me. ........ - 21
Portland, Me. ....... - 19
Boston, Mass. ....... - 16
Newport, R. I........ - 15
Providence, R. I. ... - 14
Concord, N. H. ...... - 14
New London, Conn. ... - 11
Springfield, Mass. .. - 10
Montpelier, Vt....... - 10
Hartford, Conn. ..... -  9
Montreal, Que. ...... -  6
Albany, N. Y. ....... -  5
New York, N. Y. ..... -  4
Utica, N. Y. ......   +  1
Philadelphia, Pa...   +  1
Syracuse, N. Y. ...   +  5
Baltimore, Md. ....   +  6
Washington, D. C...   +  8
Rochester, N. Y. ..   + 11
Buffalo, N. Y. ....   + 16
Pittsburg, Pa. ....   + 20

Central Standard.
90° [[degree symbol]] Longitude.

Cleveland, Ohio..... - 33 Minutes.
Columbus, Ohio...... - 28
Detroit, Mich....... - 28
Toledo, Ohio........ - 26
Dayton, Ohio........ - 23
Cincinnati, Ohio.... - 22
Louisville, Ky...... - 18
Indianapolis, Ind... - 16
Chicago, Ill........ - 10
Milwaukee, Wis...... -  8
Springfield, Ill.... -  2
Memphis, Tenn.......    0
New Orleans, La.....    0
St. Louis, Mo....... +  1
Rock Island, Ill.... +  3
Dubuque, Iowa....... +  5
Burlington, Iowa.... + 12
St. Paul, Minn. .... + 14
Kansas City, Mo..... + 18
Galveston, Texas.... + 19
Omaha, Neb. ........ + 24

-----

Mountain Standard.
105° [[degree symbol]] Longitude.

Denver, Col. ........    0
Salt Lake City, Utah, + 28


Pacific Standard.
120° [[degree symbol]] Longitude.

Sacramento, Cal. .... +  6
San Francisco, Cal... + 10

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POPULATION OF THE UNITED STATES
CENSUS OF 1880.

Alabama ......  1,262,505
Arkansas......    802,525
California....    864,694
Colorado......    194,327
Connecticut...    622,700
Delaware......    146,608
Florida.......    269,493
Georgia.......  1,542,180
Illinois......  3,077,871
Indiana.......  1,978,301
Iowa..........  1,624,615
Kansas........    996,096
Kentucky......  1,648,690
Louisiana.....    939,946
Maine.........    648,936
Maryland......    934,943
Massachusetts.  1,783,085
Michigan......  1,636,937
Minnesota.....    780,773
Mississippi...  1,131,597
Missouri......  2,168,380
Nebraska......    452,402
Nevada........     62,266
New Hampshire.    346,991
New Jersey....  1,131,116
New York......  5,082,871
North Carolina  1,399,750
Ohio..........  3,198,062
[[second column]]
Oregon........  [[2?]]74,768
Pennsylvania..  4,282,891
Rhode Island..    276,531
South Carolina    995,577
Tennessee.....  1,542,359
Texas.........  1,591,749
Vermont.......    332,286
Virginia......  1,512,565
West Virginia.    618,457
Wisconsin.....  1,315,497
-----------------
Total States.. 49,371,340

THE TERRITORIES.
Alaska................  - -----
Arizona...............    40,440
Dakota................   135,177
District of Columbia..   177,624
Idaho.................    32,610
Montana...............    39,159
New Mexico............   119,565
Utah..................   143,936
Washington............    75,116
Wyoming...............    20,789
------------------

Total Territories.....    784,443
Total U.States........ 50,155,783


POPULATION OF PRINCIPAL CITIES.

Cities having a population of 30,000 and upwards, according to the United States Census of 1880.

Rank.
21      Albany, N.Y............  90,758
23      Allegheny. Pa..........  78,682
49      Atlanta, Ga............  37,409
 7      Baltimore, Md.......... 332,313
 5      Boston, Mass........... 362,839
 3      Brooklyn, N. Y......... 566,663
13      Buffalo, N. Y.......... 155,134
31      Cambridge, Mass........  52,669
44      Camden, N.J............  41,659
36      Charleston, S. C.......  49,984
 4      Chicago, Ill........... 503,185
 8      Cincinnati, Ohio....... 255,139
11      Cleveland, Ohio........ 160,146
33      Columbus, Ohio.........  51,647
47      Dayton, Ohio...........  38,678
50      Denver, Col............  35,629
18      Detroit, Mich.......... 116,340
37      Fall River, Mass.......  48,961
58      Grand Rapids, Mich.....  32,016
60      Harrisburg, Pa.........  30,762
43      Hartford, Conn.........  42,015
59      Hoboken, N.J...........  30,999
24      Indianapolis, Ind......  75,056
17      Jersey City, N.J....... 120,722
30      Kansas City, Mo........  55,785
46      Lawrence, Mass.........  39,151
16      Louisville, Ky......... 123,758
27      Lowell, Mass...........  59,475
48      Lynn, Mass.............  38,274
56      Manchester, N. H.......  32,630
54      Memphis, Tenn..........  33,592
19      Milwaukee, Wis......... 115,587
[[second column]]
Rank.
38      Minneapolis, Minn......   46,887
40      Nashville, Tenn........   43,350
15      Newark, N. J...........  136,508
26      New Haven, Conn........   62,882
10      New Orleans, La........  216,090
 1      New York, N. Y.........1,206,299
51      Oakland, Cal...........   34,555
63      Omaha, Neb.............   30,518
34      Patterson, N. J........   51,031
 2      Philadelphia, Pa.......  847,170
12      Pittsburg, Pa..........  156,389
53      Portland, Me...........   33,810
20      Providence, R. I.......  104,857
41      Reading, Pa............   43,278
25      Richmond, Va...........   63,600
22      Rochester, N. Y........   89,366
 9      San Francisco, Cal.....  233,959
62      Savannah, Ga...........   30,709
39      Scranton, Pa...........   45,850
55      Springfield, Mass......   33,340
57      St. Joseph, Mo.........   32,431
 6      St. Louis, Mo..........  350,518
45      St. Paul, Minn.........   41,473
32      Syracuse, N. Y.........   51,792
35      Toledo, Ohio...........   50,137
64      Trenton, N. J..........   29,910
29      Troy, N. Y.............   56,747
52      Utica, N. Y............   33,914
14      Washington, D. C.......  147,293
61      Wheeling, W. Va........   30,737
42      Wilmington, Del........   42,478
28      Worcester, Mass........   58,291

Transcription Notes:
There have been recent discussions with the Transcription Centre as symbols such as check marks and female and male symbols have not appeared on the pdf versions of fully transcribed projects. As a result TC has asked #volunpeers to, where possible, transcribe both the symbol as well as [[words describing symbol]]. I've done this for the degree symbol here - @siobhanleachman

Please note that the language and terminology used in this collection reflects the context and culture of the time of its creation, and may include culturally sensitive information. As an historical document, its contents may be at odds with contemporary views and terminology. The information within this collection does not reflect the views of the Smithsonian Institution, but is available in its original form to facilitate research. For questions or comments regarding sensitive content, access, and use related to this collection, please contact transcribe@si.edu.