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THE FRANKLIN RELICS.
THESE articles, at present lodged in the United Service Museum be exhibited to the public in a few days. They are being [[arra]]  Lady Franklin expressed a wish that they should remain where [[?]] now are, in preference to having them removed to the Painted [[Ha]] Greenwich Hospital, as was proposed.
  The cases containing the articles specially worthy of notice brought home by Captain M'Clintock are separated from a few articles previously found by a red cord drawn across the table. The cases are numbered. No. 1 contains various article found at Ross Cairn, Point Victory. Of these the most important are a dip circle and box, a six-inch double-frame sextant in an entire state, marked with the name of Frederick Hornby, mate in the expedition, together with a cooking apparatus. No. 2 contains a ship's ensign, which was found wrapped up in a bag. No 3, a number of small articles found in the boat on the west coast of King William's Island, and those found on a skeleton discovered nine miles east of Cape Herschel - the tie of a black silk neckerchief; a piece of cloth forming part of a waistcoat, with four buttons attached; two coat-buttons, silk covered; a piece of coloured cotton skirt- with a cloth-brush and a horn pocket-comb. Case 4 contains watches and silver plate found in the boat, the greater [[por]] which can be readily identified by initial and crest marks
property of various officers who belonged to the expedition.
contains a variety of miscellaneous articles found also in the [[boa]]
as a small pocket compass, bead purse, part of a grass cigar-case,
maker's awl, a sailor's clasp knife, two table-knives, one {[?]}
"W.R." on a white bone handle, with the blade much [[corr]]
brass matchbox,&c. The contents of case No. 6 were found
same place, and are of a similar character, comprising numerous [[fa]]
implements, which were, no doubt, daily required and used [[?]]
members of the ill-fated expedition. No. 7 is also similar,[[conta]]
specimens of shot and cartridge with small shot charges made up [[i]]
glove fingers. No 8 contains the books found in the boat. [[Mos]]
these are of a religious character, comprehending a small Prayer-
a book of "Family Prayers," a small Bible, and a French New [[T]]
ment, together with a copy of the "Vicar of Wakefield," and a [[?]]
poetical gift-book termed "Christian Melodies." The latter [[cont]]
an inscription on one of the flyleaves addressed to "G.G."[[i]]
woman's handwriting, and signed "S.M.P." In case No. 9 are a
number of knives obtained by barter from the Esquimeaux. These [[bea]]
evidence of being manufactured by the natives from the materials of the
wreck. The greater number are composed of blades which appear to have
been broken off in their original handles, and on one or two the Government mark is imprinted. One looks like part of a whaling-lance; it is about six inches in length, with a round-edged point, widening at its [[up]] and broadest extremity to a diameter of about two inches, where
[[?]] narrowed at right angles on both sides, in the manner of a dart, [[te]] nating in what has either been a flat prong or iron handle; the 
[[?]]has been twice perforated, and a slip of iron securely riveted to [[ea]]its sides, which, as a prong, has been thrust into a rude rib-bone
handle. Other parts of blades, one of which is evidently that 
table-knife; another, which looks like that of a doctor's knife,[[an]]
ends of three cutlasses. The next case, No, 10, contains silver
recovered from the Esquimeaux. There was also found a college
medal that had belonged to Assistant-Surgeon MacDonald; it is 
in the possession of his relatives. The contents of case 11,[[fou]]
the northern cairn and at Point Victory, consist of a two-foot rule,
eye-pieces of a sextant, and the record-case. The record itself will
added to the exhibition. The other larger articles, which occupy [[?]]
centre of the table - as the medicine-chest, the bows, the paddle,[[?]]
the rifles found in the boat - are so conspicuous as to require no 
particular notice to direct attention to them.
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The Polar Expedition Mania.
  Enterprises that jeopardize human life, and call for the exercise of extraordinary courage, presence of mind, and powers of endurance, possess a wonderful charm for minds and temperaments of a certain cast, while they are always objects of more or less interest to the community at large. Fillibustering expeditions, atmospheric hornpipes, and balloon yages, have all their special circles of admirers; [[?]] a Walker, a Blondin, and a Lowe can each, for [[?]] time being, excite that appetite for the adven- rous and the marvelous which seems to be inher- [[?]] in human nature. There is, however, a class of [[?]] zardous enterprises originating in the highest otives, and in which good and brave men unhesi- tingly imperil their lives, that commands the respect and sympathy of the whole civilized world, without creating any of that furore so often enkindled by the desperate rashness of ambitious fools. To this class belong the expedition of Dr. Kane in search of Sir John Franklin and his companions, and the later and more successful explorations of Captain McClintock.
  The results of Captain McClintock's voyage ought, we think, to have convinced the public mind of England, that all the members of the Franklin expedition perished years ago. There is no rational ground for surmising that a single individual of the forlorn hope of 105 men, which left the ice-locked "Erebus" and "Terror" in latitude 69 37, on the 26th of April, 1848, for Buck and Fish Rivers, now survives. It seems, however, as if nothing short of the discovery and identification of the 105 bodies would satisfy and incredulity of certain monomaniacs on the other side of the Atlantic. During the last ten years, no less than twenty expeditions have been dispatched to t he realm of eternal ice in quest of the lost explorers; and from the unanimous testimony of all the parties that succeeded in finding a trace of the missing men, the conclusion is irresistible, that the last remnant of them had ceased to exist in 1848, or at the latest, 1849. Nevertheless, it is proposed to send one more ship into the Arctic circle, on the ground that perhaps some of the miserable men who accompanied Captain Crozier on his hopeless tramp from the ice-bound vessels, eleven years ago, may now be in bondage among the Esquimaux. The readiness with which these kindly savages gave up the relics in their possession, the consistency of the stories they told to the searchers, and the indications of the total annihilation of Captain Crozier's party, which Mr. Rae, Captain McClintock, and Lieut. Hobson found on its line of march, and at Montreal Island, are conclusive against this wild hypothesis;and we trust that no more valuable lives will be risked on such visionary grounds. Too many loyal and noble-hearted men have been summarily sacrificed for a chimera. Too many have returned from the paralyzing North with the very sap of life frozen out of the, to die a lingering death at home. Let us have no more "Artic Explorations." The fate of all engaged in the Franklin expedition is settled. It could scarcely be more self evident if a Coroner's inquest had been held on very individual of the unfortunate band, and we had the judiciary proofs of their demise before us. 
  No knowledge commensurate with the cost,in labor, money and men, has so far resulted from Polar voyages. Forty years have been consumed, millions of dollars have been expended, scores of lives have been lost, in the endeavor to discover a northwest passage through the Polar Sea, and the problem is yet unsolved. Even if the passage were found, there is no reason to believe that the navigation would be sufficiently safe to be profitable at any season. The "open sea" supposed to exist near the Pole is now almost universally considered a myth. A Mr. Morton who accompanied Dr.Kane, and subsequently figured in this city in connection with a trumpery panorama of the Arctic regions, claims, indeed, to have had a glimpse of this Polar basin; but like the glimpse of a similar phenomenon alleged to have been obtained by Captains Penney and Ingleby, in localities which were afterward found to be occupied by "thick-ribbed ice."Mr. Morton's "open water" is generally set down as an "optical illusion." It may be classed in geography with that unsubstantial landmark known as Cape Flyaway, and that curious channel, entitled the Straits of Baffleman, where "they can't square the yards for monkeys."

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THE NEWYORK MERCURY
New York: Saturday, Dec 10. 1859

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  Some years ago, when Lieutenant Wilkes was about to leave with his squadron, on the famous "United States Exploring Expedition," the late J. N. Reynolds expressed in print his opinion that the expedition ought to find the South Pole, plant the American flag there, and have the glorious satisfaction of seeing the stars and stripes "revolve on the worlds axis once in the twenty-four hours!" In reply to this "startler," a friend of the then Secretary of the Navy, Mahlon Dickerson (who, by the way, was the bitter enemy of all Arctic and Antarctic enterprises), inquired, thrugh the press, if the gentleman supposed the South Pole to be a gigantic flag-staff or liberty-pole! Really, it seems to us that the ideas of parties  here and in Europe, who are recommending new expeditions to the region of everlasting winter that belts the Pole, are not a whit more practical or less vague in their notions and purposes than were the late Mr. Reynolds and his friend Captain Symmes, of "Symmes's Hole" celebrity.
 
 THE MORAL BOWSPRIT.-We have heard of persons that followed their nose, but never of those who followed their eyes. There are such people,no doubt; but we are inclined to place the two under different classifications of intent: those who pass in a negative direction-the noes; those who seek the affirmative-the ayes.

  Dr. J.H. Robinson's new tale "ZULEIME; OR THE PEARL OF THE DESERT-A TALE OF ARABIA'" will be found on our fifth page.



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