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-mand of Captain Austin, with Directions to examine carefully the north shores of Lancaster Sound and Wellington Channel. In crossing Melville Bay the expedition fell in with Sir John Ross, who, in the Felix, a vessel fitted out by private subscription and the liberality of the Hudson's Bay Company, was making the best of his way to lancaster Sound. It was through communications held with the Esquimaux through the interpreter of the Felix that the story reached ENgland that in the winter of 1864 the natives had seen two ships crushed in the ice in the direction of Cape Dudley Diggs. The eloquent and touching appeals of Lady Franklin to the American nation led to the fitting up and despatch of the Grinnell expedition in search of her husband. It was composed of two brigantines-the Advance, of 144 tons, and the Rescue, of 91 tons-both of which were provided and fitted out at the expense of Mr. Henry Grinnell, our government also contributing its aid. The expedition was placed under the command of Lieutenant E. S. De Haven, and sailed from New York in May, 1850, for Melville Island. It was exposed to the greatest sufferings and perils during one of the most tremendous ice drifts on record, and to their honor it is to be recorded, that when at the close of the season it became apparent that no further progress could be made, the American vessels, without the aid of steam, were at the farthest point that was made by any of the three English vessels then engaged in the search, all of which had been assisted by steam on their outward voyage when in and crossing Baffin's Bay. The expedition of Lieutenant Sherard Osborn, sent out by the English Admiralty in the same month (May,1850), although valuable for the ethnological facts which it established in connection with the Esquimeaux [[?]], [[?]] regards its chief object, as unsuccessful as its predecessors. We have said nothing as yet of the voyage made by Captain Forsyth, in the Prince Albert. This vessel was fitted out in great part from the resources of Lady Franklin herself, who from the beginning had evinced the most anxious zeal and the most disinterested devotion in the researches instituted for the discovery of her husband. The Prince Albert sailed from England in June, 1850, and was instructed to winter, if possible, in Brentford Bay, Regent's Inlet, and thence send parties to explore the opposite side of the isthmus and the various shores and bays of the inlet. Commander Forsyth had the good fortune to fall in, at Cape Riley, with unmistakable relics of the missing expedition. In 1851, Sir John Richardson undertook, by directions of the British Admiralty, a boat voyage along the North American coast, between the Mackenzie and Coppermine rivers, following up the objects of the expedition in the following spring by an exploration of the passages between Wollaston banks and Victoria Land, crossing the routes of Sir J.C. Ross's detached parties, and returning thence to Great Bear Lake. Sir John was accompanied by his chief associate, Mr. Rae, whose name was associated with the purchases made, in 1854, from the [[/newspaper clipping]] [[newspaper clipping]] DAILY COMMERCIAL. --------------------------------------- PRINTED AND PUBLISHED BY N.D. POTTER & CO., ---------- COMMERCIAL BUILDING, N.R. Corner of Third and Sycamore sts. ---------------------------------------- WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 12, 1859. ---------------------------------------- The Arctic Explorers Found. The most interesting portion of the recent foreign news is that which relates to the discovery of the journal and other relics of Sir JOHN FRANKLIN'S expedition. We lay before our readers to day the material portions of the narrative. The wonderful thing in the whole matter seems to be the that the lost navigators should have perished, after all, so far south, for King William's Island is one of the extreme southern islands of the Arctic Ocean. It is three hundred miles farther south than the Danish settlements in Greenland, where men subsist without difficulty at all seasons, and it is twelve degrees to the south of the spot where Dr. KANE wintered safely. Consequently, no attention has heretofore been directed toward King William's Island by any of the twenty three expeditions which have made search for the missing adventurers, but all their efforts have been directed to the icy regions farther north. The fruitless and protracted search seemed about to be abandoned as hopeless, and it was generally believed that the icebergs of the Frozen Ocean had engulphed all that was mortal of the hapless crews, when at length their remains are found in a well-known and frequently visited island, by no means so remote nor so rigorous in its climate as to warrant the expectation of the fatal result occurring there. It is now more than fourteen years since Sir JOHN FRANKLIN sailed from England in search of the Northwest Passage to the Pacific. His crew consisted of one hundred and thirty eight souls, not one of whom ever returned to tell the tale of their terrible calamities and sufferings. It is now known, that Sir JOHN himself died two years after their departure - in June, 1847 - and that the two vessels, the Erebus and Terror, were abandoned as no longer of any service in the following year, 1848. What must have been their privations, from cold, hunger, and hope deferred, and what the final agony of their despair as the horrible silence of the Arctic winter closed in upon their last chance of life, we shall never know, but may gain some glimpses of what it must have been, from a perusal of the narratives of the expedition of Dr. KANE. These heroic men staked and lost lives in the interest of science and the human race. The noble sacrifice will ever be freshly remembered in historic annals, and the almost equal devotion of the numerous volunteers, of American and English blood, who braved the icy perils of the polar seas to rescue them, reflects the highest honor on the humanity and co.urage of this age. These things afford fresh proof that the race of heroes is not wholly gone. [[/newspaper clipping]] [[newspaper clipping]] The Daily Times. ---------------------------------------------- [[?]]. W. Starbuck & Co., Proprietors. ---------------------------------------------- CINCINNATI: ---------------------------------------------- Wednesday Evening, October 12, 1859. ---------------------------------------------- The Fate of Franklin. -------- We publish on our first page a thrilling account of the adventures of the last vessel dispatched in search of the great Arctic navigator, SIR JOHN FRANKLIN. The dark curtain that enshrouded his fate is lifted; the sad tale is told; eternal ice and eternal snow from the winding sheet of one of the noblest of the noble band of heroes which the genius of true learning is compelled, from age to age, to immolate upon its own altar. FRANKLIN belonged not to the common walks of life; his is not the fame of the "summer soldier and the sunshine patriot;" his name is not to be written with those whom accident has made prominent and whom money has made honorable. Though high in rank, he chose the rough tempests of life rather than the couch of aristocratic indolence, and the smooth barbarity of courtly honor. From early childhood, "His march was on the mountain wave, His home upon the deep." He graduated in that school of British heroes whose proudest champion said, in the hour of dire necessity, "England expects every man to do his duty." His nerves were accustomed to the bursting bomb and the battle wreck. Never did the genius of Saxon civilization, ever lavish in expenditure, select a brighter subject for the martyr's crown. In FRANKLIN, we behold one of those characters above the province of envy, and proof against the shafts of calumny. At the command of his country, he bade adieu to the wife of his bosom, to his Island home, to everything that courage, opulence, beauty and empire could contribute to make acceptable, not to cruise in tropic climes, but to explore a world of ice; to enter seas unmapped and untraversed, sacred to chaos and everlasting storm. Day after day the cold increased; the sun hastily accomplished the short arc of the southern horizon; mountains of ice assailed the heavens; the snow huts of the Greenlanders appeared; the polar bear crossed the ice-fields, and gazed anxiously upon the invading crew; aurorae borealis astonished the English sailors by their unprecedented splendors; but the Arctic tempests gathered and burst in awful majesty above the heads of the crew; the blood chilled in their veins, their limbs froze, and they perished, one by one, upon the northern wastes. Who shall record the horrors which these brave men encountered! Their race is run. "The gallant CROZIER and the brave FITZJAMES, and even the stout Sir JOHN," yielded to the stern mandates of necessity. The grave of FRANKLIN, like his memory, is beyond the reach of sacrilege; more than the courage that would face frowning batteries would be [[?]] to pass the fearful waste of winds [[?]] waters that protects him from the mockery [[?]] marble sepulcher. Requiescat in pace. [[/newspaper clipping]] [[newspaper clipping]] Boston Journal TUESDAY MORNING, NOV. 29, 1859 MORNING EDITION Arctic Explorations--Another Expedition in Prospect. We have recently, in speaking of the subject of Arctic Explorations, expressed our belief that, so interesting are they to science, and so great is the spirit of adventure and discovery in our country at this time, it would not be long before another expedition would be fitted out for the purpose of completing the explorations which were commence, with so much credit to our nation, by the late Dr. Kane. We are authentically informed that the expedition proposed to our countrymen by Dr. I.I. Hayes, the Surgeon of the Kane Expedition, is now actually being organized, and will probably start early next spring, under the command of Dr. H. himself. That gentleman has been frequently before the public in our principal cities to present, in lectures, the cogent reasons which exist in favor of another expedition up Kennedy Channel. Such is the confidence in the correctness of the views entertained by Dr. Kane respecting discoveries about the North Pole, that he proposes to undertake, in his own person, the verification, which nothing but a series of extraordinary accidents that could not have been foreseen, prevented his commander from completing. All of the leading scientific societies of the United States have already appointed committees to co-operate with Dr. H. in an enterprise so full of promise in many scientific relations. The expressions of interest in the work have not been confined to this country alone. The Vice President of the French Geographical Society, M. de la Roquette, has been so far convinced of the importance of the expedition to the development of physical Geography, that he has become a subscriber to the fund to the amount of 500 francs. The President of the Royal Geographical Society of London, Sir Roderick Murchison, at a recent meeting of the eminent body, over which he presides, announced the subject as one of leading importance to geographers. It is proposed, however, to make the expedition strictly an American one; and its understood that the necessary funds will be raised by private subscription, through the instrumentality of the scientific societies having the matter in charge. The amount required, as announced by Dr. Hayes in a recent lecture, is $30,000, towards which several gentlemen interested in the promotion of science have liberally contributed. Among those whose names have been publicly mentioned, is the distinguished Superintendent of the U.S. Coast Survey, Prof. A. Dallas Bache, who, besides his active services as chairman of the committee appointed by the American Association of Science, to aid this project, has, in a published letter, expressed his readiness to contribute from his private resources the pecuniary means necessary to enable Dr. Hayes to extend the magnetic observations reported by Dr. Kane. It is known that the resolutions of the Geographical Society of New York, adopted some time since, were supported not only the the Rev. Dr. Hawks, President, but by Mr. Henry Grinnell, one of the Vice Presidents, whose reputation is world-wide in connection with Arctic explorations--especially those of Lieut. DeHaven and Dr. Kane. The committee of that society consisted of Messrs. E. L. Viele, Henry Grinnell, August Belmont, H.E. Pierpont, Marshall Lefferts, and its number has since been enlarged with a view to the vigorous prosecution of its appeal to the public, and we cannot doubt the result, as far as New York is to be a participant in the raising of funds. In this connection we notice with pleasure that Messrs. Brown, Taggard & Chase of this city announce the publication of a volume by Dr. Hayes, entitled "An Arctic Boat Journey in the Autumn of 1854." This will be a most interesting addition to the story of circumpolar experiences. It contains the history of an attempt, in open boats, by eight persons, setting out from the brig "Advance," (then in her winter quarters at Rensselaer Harbor) to reach Upernavik, in North Greenland, the most northern outpost of civilization. The distance was one one thousand miles, and the party were caught in the ice by an early closing in of the winter. After living nearly three months in a snow hut among the Esquimaux, the party traveled three hundred and fifty miles, in the middle of the Arctic night--a journey without precedent in the annals of those perilous countries. The novelties of Arctic narrative are by no means exhausted by previous publications, and the community will doubtless welcome a book which, avoiding the beaten track of the many expeditions that have gone in search of Sir John Franklin, presents to its readers lively pictures of more remote regions, and of personal adventure of which there has been, hitherto, no record. It appears by reference to Dr. Kane's narrative of his expedition, that some of the details of this extraordinary journey were noted by him from Dr. Hayes' dictation, upon the return of the latter to the ship, when by reason of injuries which he had suffered, he was unable to write. Not knowing, as we learn, that a more full report was expected of him, Dr. Hayes suffered the subject to pass from his attention, until it was recalled by Dr. Kane, at the time his volumes were going through the press. Immediately afterward Dr. Hayes was prostrated by fever; and as the narrative was stereotyped as fast as written, that opportunity for preparing a report for publication was thus lost. He has not since thought his experiences of such importance as to justify a separate publication by himself; but what the importunities of his friends and others have failed to obtain, he has procured for the public by the interest he feels in his proposed expedition, which he is anxious to forward by every means in his power. Messrs. Brown, Taggard & Chase have very liberally undertaken the publication of the work, and have besides pledged for the outfit of the proposed expedition a liberal share of the receipts from their sales of the work. The volume will be illustrated by a new map, by which the public will be enabled to obtain a clearer idea of the principal field of Arctic adventure that by most others not published. With all these evidences of zeal, and with the co-operation, already secured, of a large number of the most eminent scientific men of the United States, we cannot doubt that the day is near when it will be possible to engrave upon the monument of the lamented Kane the last fact needed to complete the proof of his theory of the Circumpolar Basin and its outlets. The Arctic Expedition. The following letter to Captain COLLINSON gives information of the whereabouts of the expedition under Captain M'Clintock: Yacht Fox, Hosteinberg- commenced [[May 3?]], 1858, closed May 7. My Dear Collinson: [[ar cruise?]] hitherto had been short and sharp- most lamentably short, indeed, but, thank God, it is not at an end; the real work is only now beginning. We have only got to repeat the attempt this year which failed so signally last year. Out progress was finally stopped in Melville Bay, Aug. 18, from which time up to the 25th of April we remained int he pack, drifting southward with it. While beset we have drifted down from 75 1/2 north to 63 1/2 north; the whole amount is 1,194 geographical miles. You will understand what a disappointment and anxiety this ill-fortune entailed upon me. For a whole month in Melville Bay out fate hung in the balance. The season was very similar to 1848, when I was with Sir J. Ross; the whole bay was crammed full of light pack, and there was no land ice. Having previously examined the edge of thin middle ice down as far as 72° 20' without any prospect of success, there was but one course open to me0 to enter the pack whenever a favorable opportunity offered, and trust to boring though into the north water. This is what Sir J. Ross did, and being on the same spot, and also on the same day and, moreover, a very favorable opportunity of long leads opening out, I reied the same plan. We did not succeed; a long run of southerly winds closed the ice together so much that it did not open again. Still I had the precedent of the North Star from which to draw the hope of a drift through into the north water, and this, I think, we should have done in time to save our season but for the grounding of some bergs on a bank off Cape York, which it has been our lot to discover. We drifted up within 24 miles of that cape, and subsequently gar to the west-ward before commencing our southern match, But all this you will see in my statement of proceedings and track chart which I have sent to Lady Franklin. We are thoroughly efficient, but rather short handed, and I am sorry to add that R. Scott (leading stoker) died on the 4th of December. We are in excellent health, and the ship uninjured. She leaks a little, and we had to pump her out all Winter three times weekly. Forty tons of coal remains on board, and we will take in as much more at the Waigat. As for provision, we have excellent in quality, of salt meat 17 months, preserved meat and pemmican 13 months, &c. From this you will see how well provided we are, and how easily we can complete ourselves for a third Winter at Beechey Islands. With regard to my future plans, I see no reason for departing from my original scheme. If early into the west water, I will thorughly sift the Pond's Bay natives, so as to separate the history of Belcher's abandoned ships from such knowledge as they may possess respecting FRANKLIN's ships. I hope to look into Port Leopold before visiting Beechey Island, as the former would be the place to which we would have to fall back. If the launch if injured, I will take a boat from Beechey Island, and leave her there should I go down to Beliot Strait, or at Cape Walker, should I succeed getting down Peel Strait. Should I get down to the Magnetic Pole, I will pass on the east side of King William's Land, communicating with the natives, and into Fish River. If I can manage to complete my work in Fish River by ship, it would be an immense advantage to Winter near the southwest angle of King William's Land. Disco, May 24.- For the early part of this season I shall be among the whalers, leisurely following their motions; but, should they not persevere to the north as long as I think desirable, I must then judge for myself whether to persevere or return south with them, and seek a southern passage. I purpose sailing to-morrow morning. We shall long remember the kindness of Mr. and Mrs. Olrick and all here. Yours very sincerely, F.L. M'CLINTOCK
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