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[[partial newspaper article]] William, on the north-west coast of King William Island, a record was found, dated April 25, 1848, signed by Capts. Crozier and Fitz James. T[[article folded]] record says the Erebus and Terror were abandon[[article folded]] three days previously in the ice, five leagues to [[article folded]] N.N.W., and that the survivors, in all amoun[[?]] to 105, were proceeding to Great Fish River. John Franklin had died June 11, 1847, and the [[article folded]] deaths to date had been nine officers and fifteen [[article folded]] New York Daily Tribune SATURDAY, OCTOBER 8, 1859. FOUR DAYS LATER FROM EUROPE. ARRIVAL OF THE CANADA. Progress of the Peace Treaty. NEWS FROM THE ARCTIC REGIONS. FATE OF SIR JOHN FRANKLIN. Our Boundary Difficulties. THE GREAT EASTER TO SAIL OCTOBER 20. British Forces Sent to China. THE POPE AGAIN SICK. Sackville, N.B., Friday, Oct. 7, 1859. The Royal Mail steamship Canada, Capt. Lang, [[article folded]] eft Liverpool at 3 p.m. of the 24th, and arrived at Halifax 8;11 a.m. of Thursday, the 6th inst. GREAT BRITAIN. The screw steamer Fox, Capt. McClintock, sent by Lady Franklin to the Arctic regions in search of the traces of Sir John Franklin's expedition, had returned to England, having been completely successful. At Point William, on the north-west coast of King Williams's Island, a record was found, dated April 25, 1848, signed by Captains Crozier and Fitz James. The record says the Erebus and Terror were abandoned three days previously in the ice, five leagues to the N.N.W., and that the survivors, in all amounting to 105, were proceeding to Great Fish River. Sir John Franklin had died June 11, 1847, and the total deaths to date had been nine officers and fifteen men. Many deeply interesting relics of the expedition were found on the western shore of King William's Island, and others were obtained from the Esquimaux, who stated that after their abandonment one ship was crushed in the ice, and sunk, and the other forced on shore, where she remained. The Fox was unable to penetrate beyond Bellot Straits, and wintered in Brentford Bay. Minute and interesting details of the expedition are published. Several skeletons of Franklin's men, large quantities of clothing, etc., and a duplicate record up to the abandonment of the ships was discovered. By Telegraph to Cincinnati. FOR THE DAILY TIMES, [BY THE UNION LINE.] LAST NIGHT'S DISPATCHES. Further by the Canada. SECOND DISPATCH. Sackville, October 7. The Arctic steamer, Fox had returned with interesting records and relics of the Franklin Expedition, from which it appears that Sir John Franklin died in 1847, and the ship was abandoned in 1849. The Arctic Expedition found at Point Williams a record dated April 25, 1848, signed by Captains Crozier and Fitz James, saying that the Erebus and Terror were abandoned three days previously in the ice, and that one hundred and five survivors were proceeding to Great Fish River; that Sir John Franklin had died in June of the previous year, and that the total deaths to date were nine officers and fifteen men. Many interesting relics were found on the western shore of King William's Island. Others were obtained from the Esquimaux, who stated that after the abandonment of the ships, one was crushed by the ice, the other forced ashore. Several skeletons of Franklin's men, quantities of clothing, and a duplicate record up to the abandonment of the ships were discovered. [[notes on right margin: [[?]] Oct (notes covered by additional article)]] [[written notes]] N.Y. Times Nov 4/59 American [[?]] N.Y.[[end notes]] THE GEOGRAPHICAL SOCIETY Tribute to Carl Ritter - An Interesting Paper on Iceland. The first meeting of the Geographical Society for the Winter season took place last night at their rooms, in Clinton Hall, the President, Archibald Russell, Esq., in the Chair. After the reading of the minutes of the last meeting, and other preliminary business, Rev. Dr. Thompson, of the Tabernacle, read a communication received by him from Prof. Guyot, of Princeton, N.J., embodying the substance of a letter written by the renowned geographer Carl Ritter, of Berlin, the intimate friend of Humboldt, whose decease so closely followed that of the great natural philosopher, that it was said in the learned circles of Europe that Ritter broke his heart at Humboldt's death. The purport of Ritter's letter was a suggestion to the Scientific and Literary Societies of the United States to do honor, by a worthy testimonial, to the memory of Humboldt. Before the answer to Professor Ritter could be dispatched, word came from across the Atlantic that Ritter himself was dead. The Committee on Topics and Proceedings were directed, on the Rev. Doctor's motion, to make preparations at an early day for the Geographical Society to provide a suitable tribute to the memory of Ritter, Prof. Guyot to be invited to deliver the address. A very interesting paper on Iceland, written by an Icelander and duly translated, was read by Mr. Fiske. A sort of mystery hangs about that far-distant island of the frozen seas, and any contribution to our knowledge of it must be always welcome. It was discovered the year 863, and since that time has had its [[article folded]] Long before the birth of Columbus, its [[article folded]] At an early period it had trial by jury. [[article folded]] Winter nights made the people poetical. The Skalds, or wandering bands, traveling from farm-house to farm-house, were, and are even at this day, a feature of the intellectual life of the Icelanders. On the shelves of the public libraries of Copenhagen and Stockholm were hundreds of printed volumes and thousands of manuscripts, illustrative of the genius of those primitive people, for poetry and romance. They were conquered by the Norwegians. They were conquered by the Danes, and for a long time their scholars belonged rather to Denmark that the native island - a little island, 312 miles in length by 200 miles broad, with large portions uninhabitable, containing, in 1835, fifty-six thousand inhabitants, and in the present year, sixty-nine thousand five hundred; noticeable, as we all know, for its natural phenomena, its geysers, or hot springs. In the latter half of the Eighteenth Century the Danish Government thought this little island worthy of being represented in the Legislature of Copenhagen, and allowed it to send two delegates. The language spoke in Iceland - so the paper went - is the Old Scandinavian, closely akin to the Saxon, with no admixture of Greek or Latin roots. It has, singularly enough, a literature 900 year old. There are four presses on the island, and four newspapers. About 60 volumes are published in a year, but most of them are printed in Copenhagen. There are Colleges and Academies of Medicine there, and Common Schools. But most of the education is domestic in its character. The fathers teach the children so effectually that a young Iceland boy or girl of eight years old cannot be found who does not know how to read and write. A servant girl was known to the writer of the article read to the Society who could dictate one of Scott's novels from memory. Wandering minstrels, like those of the old time in Scotland and Germany, were still to be found traversing the country, and dropping in on families happy to receive them, who gladly gave them a night's supper and lodging in exchange for their lay. The Icelandic Church is Lutheran. There are 199 churches on the island, with 280 clergymen. For a little time the Mormons disturbed the regular church-going members, but their influence soon waned. The clergy waxed in vigilance, and brought the feeble-minded back to the faith of their fathers. Dr. Thompson stated that in traveling among the Albigenses he had found Mormon treatises in French and German, with plenty of land in America promised to all converts. The Mormons were apparently all over the world active in their bad work. After some desultory conversation, during which Mr. Fiske stated that since 1760 the climate of Iceland had been gradually growing milder, the meeting adjourned. [[notes on bottom margin: A chart of the track of the Fox [[article folded]] the Arctic Regions in search of the [[article folded]] Sir John Franklin was [[?]] by Mr. [[?]] at the above mutiny.]] NEW YORK HERALD. New York, Wednesday, October 26, 1859. The Kane Monument Association - Interested Correspondence. OFFICE CORR. SEC. KANE MONUMENT ASSOCIATION, NEW YORK, OCT. 17, 1859. Capt. W. F. Lynch, U.S.N.: A public monument is about to be erected by friend and admirers of Dr. Kane, to commemorate his heroic character and services in the cause of arctic exploration, and it is proposed to include in their association, but as honorary members thereof, those brother laborers in the same field of science who are best able to appreciate his merit and to bear testimony to it. I have the honor to inform you, therefore, that Captain W. F. Lynch U.S.N., the distinguished geographer and explorer, has been duly elected an honorary member of the Kane Monument Association, of which Dr. John W. Francis is the President of the Association, and I shall be pleased to receive from you, in behalf of the Association, a line of acceptance and appreciation. Very respectfully your obedient servant, SIDNEY KOPMAN. WEST PHILADELPHIA, Oct. 20, 1859. Mr. Sidney Kopman:- Dear Sir - Be pleased to accept and convey my acknowledgements for the grateful compliment I have received in being elected an honorary member of the Kane Monument Association. My personal intercourse with Dr. Kane commenced and terminated in kind offices tendered by him, and accepted by me in the same frank spirit which dictated them. In November, 1849, after my return from Syria, I applied to the Secretary of the Navy for permission to go in search of Sir John Franklin and his companions, and proposed furnishing a steamer at my own expense, if the department would provide officers, men and rations, and place the party under naval law. Before my application was refused, I read in the Providence [[italics]] Journal [[/italics]] an article containing information for the Arctic Sea, and wrote to the editor for further particulars, and in justification of the liberty I took mentioned the application I had made. To my surprise the letter was published, and extensively copied into other journals. It is here proper to say that the editor immediately apologized for his oversight, and most honorably vindicated me with the department. As soon as Dr. Kane saw that letter he addressed to me the one which I enclose, in order that you may see how soon he embraced and how long he entertained the idea of Arctic exploration, and how steadfast he was in pressing it to an issue, at once so glorious and so lamentable - glorious as regards his fame, his country, his kind, and only lamentable in that death, which comes to all, should have prematurely come to him. A monument will be a grateful tribute paid by those who are capable of appreciating his self-sacrificing spirit. But that noble spirit needs no monument to perpetuate the name it bore on earth among his surviving countrymen as long as the Pole Star gleams above the Arctic Sea, and the aurora throws its corruscations along the sky. As long as the Advance, shrouded with snow and coffined in ice, his ever enduring, never decaying in its imperishable tomb, so long will the name and fame of her commander be endeared and cherished by the American people. Very respectfully, W.F. LYNCH, U.S.N. PHILADELPHIA, Nov. 29, 1849. LIEUT. COMM'G LYNCH: - My Dear Sir - I read in the papers of the 28th an account of your admirable offer on behalf of the missing party of Sir John Franklin. If this intention has any other foundation than mere report, may I ask to be considered as a volunteer for your expedition. For, even in the event of entire failure as to your ultimate object, I know of no service so combining and ennobling exercise of duty with legitimate personal advancement. If this offer can be accepted give me an early outline of your views, and command such co-operation as I can extend. I think I can raise in our city a large sum towards such an object, and I need hardly say how gladly I would contribute my own private resources. Communicate with me as soon as possible, as I am daily expecting orders to the Coast Survey, from which, however, I can readily be detached. With warm personal regard, very faithfully, your friend, E.K. Kane. KANE MONUMENT ASSOCIATION. - It was announced at the meeting of this Association, yesterday, that the Course of Lectures its Committee has been arranging would be opened in the Academy of Music by Gov. Banks, of Massachusetts. Prof. Mitchell will also deliver a new lecture before it on "Egyptian Hieroglyphics in their connection with Astronomy." The meeting adjourned after a recently published letter from the late Dr. Kane to Capt. Lynch, U.S.N., had been read. [[new article]] NDAY, OCTOBER 10, 1859 ADDITIONAL FROM EUROPE. THE MAILS OF THE CANADA. THE SAN JUAN DIFFICULTY. SPECULATIONS ON THE WAR IN CHINE. The Fight for the Championship of England. THE FRANKLIN DISCOVERY SHIP, The Mystery of Sir JOHN FRANKLIN'S FATE CLEARED UP. - While the interesting discoveries recently made in the Arctic regions, by Captain McClintock and the crew of the yacht Fox, set at rest forever all hopes and fears as to the fate of Sir John Franklin and his brave comrades, they stamp upon the records of Arctic investigation a melancholy tale of suffering, and an instance of fortitude and devotion to duty almost without parallel. Stimulated by the undying love of woman, the hopeful nature, the unyielding energy of a fond wife, the little band of the Fox set out to make the final search for the remains of the crews of the Erebus and Terror, that history might at least be able to tell where and when they perished. In this endeavor they were successful. Falling in with such traces of the missing ships, and such information from the Esquimaux as they required, the adventurers were enabled to discover the track of their predecessors, and follow up the trail accurately, meeting at intervals the mournful traces of their last journey from the abandoned ships across the desolate regions of snow and ice. The records found by Captain McClintock at Point Victory, a full account of which we published yesterday, establish the fact beyond question that Sir John Franklin died in the midst of his faithful companions, on the 11th of June, 1847, and that the ships were abandoned ten months later, on the 22d of April, 1848, more than eleven years ago. Turning their faces southward, the surviving adventurers, number a hundred and five out of the original hundred and twenty-nine, commenced their march over the ice towards a region where they expected to find deer shooting, and doubtless, also, with a view to carry out, if possible, the object of the expedition, by ascending Fish river. All the traces found of them intimate that they were not short of provisions, ammunition or fuel; for, in or around every cairn were evidences of abundance; yet they dropped away on that desolate path, one after the other, until the last one perished. The skeletons of some were found lying in boats, others bleached upon the snows, surrounded by the relics of home and friends. How long they held out against the terrors of their situation after the 25th of April, 1848, the date of the record, will never be known; enough, they perished one by one, and they have mouldered where they fell, in the midst of silence and desolation under the snows of eleven winters. [[end column]] [[begin column]] The fate of these gallant men, as now ascertained, bears out the assertions which R. Rae made after his search in 1854, that Sir John Franklin and his crew were not the victims of Esquimaux treachery, but had probably taken a course to the southward over the ice, and perished on the journey. All uncertainty as to their fate being now set at rest, it is presumable that the expedition of the Fox is indeed the final one to the Arctic regions. With the discovery of the Northwest Passage or open sea by Capt. McClure came also the conviction that it was impracticable for purposes of navigation. No discoveries have since been made to afford any hope of better results from Arctic explorations, and we trust that the solution of this twelve years' mystery will be the signal to abandon all further attempts demanding so heavy a sacrifice of gallant and chivalrous (l)ives. [[end article]] [[begin article]] The Franklin Discovery Ship. [From the London Star, Sept. 24.] The little screw yacht Fox, now famous, arrived in the East India docks yesterday. It lay alongside the quay within the basin all day. Her appearance is as quiet and purpose-like as the narrative of her commander, Captain M'Clintock, now the theme of every tongue. She seems absolutely without a scratch on her black hull, and looks more sober, so to speak, than yachts in general. There is very little ornament about her, but what she has is in wonderfully good condition. The Fox is a round sterned screw, has three slender, rather raking masts, is of topsail schooner rig, and small poop aft. Indeed, everything is small about the ship, save her achievements. She is rather sharp forward, and her bows are platted over with iron. As one scans the Fox more closely, we detect preparations about her for other dangers than besets the English waters. She looks not unlike a bundle of heavy handspikes, iron pointed at each end, as if for fencing off drift ice. A beautiful Esquimaux canoe is lashed on her larboard quarter. A small anchor hanging over her side, amid ships, besides the customary one at the bow, is suggestive of dangers risked and overcome. Outside the ship, at the bottom of the ropes that stay the foremast, are a couple of ice saws ready for use. They greatly aid the mind in picturing the sort of work required of them. Another singularity in the aspect of the Fox is a pair of small antlers fixed at the end of the bowsprit - doubtless of some meaning to the crew, and connected with the discovery. The sole evidence of damage is a newly broken spar, which lies on the deck, a part of her jibboom carried away - somewhere on the English coast. In short, there lies the Fox, looking as unassuming among the surrounding craft as ever hero does among the sons of men when his work is successfully achieved and his rest won.
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