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Throughout the northern shores of the American continent, & in the islands beyon it the summer thaw penetrates from ten inches to a foot or a little more, but no shafts have been sunk in America within the Arctic circle to ascertain the thickness of the permanently frozen substratum. 
[[encircled]] 178 [[/encircled]]
"Polar Regions"
Ency.Brit. Vol. 8.
An excellent table of the temperatures of Principal places in the Arctic Circle - same page.
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They [[strikethrough]](the Esquimaux [[/strikethrough]] ^[[Red Men]] have nowhere dwelt among them ^[[(the Esquimaux)]] in America except on Behring Sea where there is a fusion of the [[?races]]
[[encircled]] 179 [[/encircled]] Vol VIII Ency. Brit.
2d Col
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A regard for the fame of her gallant husband & his brave companions has led Lady Franklin to seek for written records of this discovery by a further search & perhaps the humane promptings of a hope surviving in her breast, though extinguished elsewhere that even yet relief may be carried to some forlorn survivor of the catastrophe
[[encircled]] 175 [[/encircled]]
Vol VIII
Ency Brit.
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