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By Susette LaFlesche Tibbles

^[[I have this in original manuscript VB]]

At the time I was born we were all savages, that is my tribe the Omahas. I suppose if you were to see us on our reserve now you would think we were savages yet, for only a few can speak or read or write the English language and most of us dress in our own costume. I have sometimes had the question asked me, is your tribe civilized? And I have really not known what to answer. I have known men and women all my life who are brave, generous, truthful, honest, industrious, patriotic, and lovely in all the relations of life and yet if you were to see them you would call them savages because they can neither speak or read or write the English languages or dress as you do.

My own father and mother are examples of that I think. My father is rather stern and strict in his ideas of right and wrong, and people - both whites and Indians - are apt to be a little afraid of him, not physically but morally. But my mother's gentleness makes up for that, and even my father's political enemies come to him for help when they get into trouble, and strangers from the other tribes come long distances to ask his advice about their tribal affairs. As for us children, although my father was strict and stern in our upbringing, yet we never doubted his love for us.

I can't tell in words what my mother had been to us all. My father can never bear to have her away from his side even for one day, and we four sisters as we have grown into womanhood have learned by experience to realize more and more the beauty and nobility of my mother's whole life. It seems curious to think of, that here is a family, the father stern, upright, independent and one who has been in battles with the enemies of his tribe and who is chief of his tribe, and four daughters educated in the religion and accomplishments of a foreign people, one of whom has just
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