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were congregated Indians in numbers ranging from several hundreds well up into the thousands. I have had, I may say, excellent opportunities for studying the character of the Indians who roam, or lately did roam, over Washington Territory, Oregon, California, Nevada, Arizona and New Mexico, Idaho, Utah, Wyoming, Nebraska, Dakota and Montana, or the tribes known as Klamaths, Pitrivers, Modocs, Apaches, Hualpais, Pimas, Papagoes, [[?]], Mojaves, Yavapais, Cocopahs, Maricopas, ^[[Moquis]], Sioux, Cheyennes, Arapahoes, Pawnees, Bannocks, Shoshonees, Utes and Pi-utes.

Some of these, as the Pawnees, Papagoes and Maricopas, I have only known as friends in peace and allies in war: of the others, there have been tribes expressing friendly feelings towards over people, not sympathizing with and aiding our enemies, and others still,

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