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Island yielded bone implements, near the surface, and quantities of pottery fragments at the lower level. On this Island there are indications of prolonged habitation and evidences of a burial place, which may furnish some much needed material from that part of the country.
Another section of the coast country of Maine was tested on Harpswell Neck in Casco Bay, where again vast quantities of shells were visible. Several stone celts and numerous pottery fragments were found. There is every indication of this being a likely place to find material associated with the early inhabitants.
Arizona. Mr. E. H. Davis continued his collection of ethnological specimens among the White Mountain Apache, Papago, and Pima Indians, and obtained very comprehensive collections, particularly among the first named tribe.
Washington. Mr. T. T. Waterman made important collections among the remnants of the Puget Sound tribes in the vicinity of Seattle and Tacoma, and we have obtained practically the last specimens that it is possible to collect from the Dwamish, Suquamish, Skokomish and Puyallup. The Museum may count itself fortunate in obtaining collections from these little known people.
California. Due to the generosity of Mrs. Thea Heye, an expedition was maintained on San Miguel Island, California, under the direction of Mr. Ralph Glidden. From April 15 to November 15 there were 232 skeleton excavated, most of which had accompaniments, and the Museum obtained specimens of the comprehensive culture of the channel island people, including some really remarkable shell and bone objects decorated with haliotis and mussel-shell inlays put on by means of bitumen. There were over 6,000 specimens found and many of them consisted of very finely carved shell pendants and ornaments.
Cuba. Mr. M. R. Harrington spent the time between April 18 and July 17, 1919, in a preliminary exploration of Pinar del Rio province, and also visited formerly explored territory in order to obtain further data for his forthcoming work on Cuban archaeology. He also obtained some interesting ethnological specimens from the modern Indians in Oriente province.
Guatemala. Through the generosity of Mr. James B. Ford, Mr. Marshal H. Saville left for Guatemala on January 31, 1920, in order to obtain permission from the Guatemalan government to take the collection made there out of the country. He was successful in obtaining this permission, and repacked the collections, which are now on the dock at Puerto Barrios, awaiting shipment. Mr. Saville returned from this expedition on March 15, 1920.
Connecticut. From April 21 to May 10, 1919, Mr. George H. Pepper, assisted by Mr. Charles O. Turbyfill, carried on exploration work in the shell-heaps and village-sites at Compo Beach, Saugatuck, near Westport, Connecticut. Excavations were made on the John Morris estate, and on the farm of Mr. S. B. Wakeman. The greater part of the work was done on the Wakeman farm, where a pottery pipe with human face in relief, and many other
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objects of interest were found. Several large shell pits were opened, but no skeletal remains were found.
West Indies. Mr. Thomas Huckerby has continued his work of collection in the British West Indies, and has added about 1,100 specimens, many of them of importance, to our collection from Grenada, Tobago, Trinidad, St. Vincent, the Grenadines, and smaller islands of the group.
COLLECTIONS PRESENTED
The A. H. Twitchell collection of ethnological specimens from the Eskimo of the Yukon River was presented by Mr. James B. Ford. This collection consists of over 800 specimens of the ceremonial and utilitarian objects used by the Eskimo in the region of Anvik and Bethel. Included in this lot of material is a very remarkable series of masks, numbering about 60. Mr. Twitchell has been making his collection since 1907, and the Museum is particularly fortunate in obtaining these specimens from a people that are very difficult to visit.
The H. H. Rice collection of Mexican antiquities was also presented to the Museum by Mr. James B. Ford. It has filled in a bad gap in our collections from Mexico, and has among its 2,000 specimens some very beautiful examples of iron pyrites, mirrors and carved jades.
The Harold Gibbs collection of Rhode Island archaeology was presented by Mr. James B. Ford. It contains a representative lot of typical Algonkin material from that location.
The Thomas Gann collection from British Honduras was also presented by Mr. Ford, and is probably the most noteworthy that has ever been made in that country. It contains some extremely fine painted vessels of the Mayan type, which are in a state of preservation that is seldom found.
The James A. Teit collection of archaeology from the Fraser River, British Columbia, was also presented by Mr. Ford, and consists of a completely classified collection of the stone points of that locality.
The George H. Pepper collection of blankets and textiles from the south-western United States and the northern part of Mexico was presented by Mr. Harmon W. Hendricks. The greater part of this collection of about 140 specimens was made over twenty years ago, and contained many examples of the old textile art that it would be impossible at the present time to obtain.
Mr. Harmon W. Hendricks also presented the Museum with three extremely fine banner-stones from Pennsylvania, and also a collection of ethnology, of about 150 specimens, from various localities of North, South and Central America, containing unique specimens of bows and war implements from the Amazon, and ceremonial smoking tubes from Patagonia, also a remarkable painted shirt from the Huron Indians. Due to Mr. Hendricks' generosity the Museum collections from South America were greatly enriched by the addition of three gold staff heads from Colombia, and five painted and carved wooden cups from Peru, making our collection of this type of aboriginal art the largest known.
Please note that the language and terminology used in this collection reflects the context and culture of the time of its creation, and may include culturally sensitive information. As an historical document, its contents may be at odds with contemporary views and terminology. The information within this collection does not reflect the views of the Smithsonian Institution, but is available in its original form to facilitate research. For questions or comments regarding sensitive content, access, and use related to this collection, please contact transcribe@si.edu.