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Also found modern Succinea avara, Zonitoides minusculus and [[underlined]] Bifidaria [[/underlined]] armifera under leaves.

In the afternoon I walked out along C.& W. RR. southwest.  Noticed old cuts (nos. 3 & 4) at depot, showing loess.  Now badly overgrown.

[[underlined]] Cut 5 [[/underlined]] is first cut W. (SW) of C.R.I & P. depot, on C.& W. RR.
In the E. side of this cut, toward S. end, is where a mastodon (I think [[underlined]]Elephas [[/underlined]]) tusk and tooth were found.  Said to have been at base of loess.

The cuts 3, 4, an 5 are here greatly overgrown with Melilotus alba, a good holder!

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Down (S.) along the C.& W. (not far from depot, are the Swinehart cement works.  They use sand brought from the Platte in Neb.
   Walked E.[[&]] S.E. to sec. 20-79-38.  Visited the buroak grove on Sorenson's place,- & found buroak and red elm dominant-the former runs common on upper borders.  This was formerly full of hazel brush, etc., but now blue grass has possession, and this place makes finest pasture.
The groves in sec. 20 are partly cleared,
In the grove were:

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Ulmus fulva
Quercus [[ macrocarpa?]]
[[Symphoricarpos?]] occidentalis
Xanthoxylum [[americanum?]]
Triostecum perfoliatim
Prunus americana
Catalpa (a row) - planted
Box Elder - Introduced?

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Ribes gracile
Cornus parmiculata
Celtis v. crassifolia
Crataegus mollis
Rhus glabra (border)

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In the E. 40 the red elm is dominant.