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You are looking out from the top of a five-story pagoda belonging to the oldest Buddhist shrine in Osaka. The various temple buildings which you see down there among the trees are of recent construction, but there have been shrines in this park for thirteen hundred years.
Osaka covers more than sixty square miles and the greater part of that area lies off at your right (north). You are looking now towards the Inland Sea (though the sea-shore is not clearly visible) and towards Kobe twenty miles away.
This is the way many Japanese cities look. The main streets down there in Osaka are fairly wide but the lesser thoroughfares are narrow and the gray wooden buildings are, you notice, almost invariably limited to a single story. Trees, as you see, are scattered rather frequently among the houses; there are more trees in this immediate neighborhood, but that is because this is the park belonging to the Tennoji temple; all temples have gardens large or small.
In one respect Osaka is very different from the average towns; generally you would see in looking over the roofs no sign of anything like a chimney, for Japanese cooking and housewarming depend on small masses of glowing charcoal held in supports of stone, metal or earthenware and open to the air. Osaka, however, bristles with chimneys (most of them tubular iron, safer than brick in this region of frequent earthquakes), and so advertises its commercial character. This is a city of factories with a population of over 360,000 and an enormous trade. Bushes and rugs made here are sent all over the world. Cotton mills are beginning to make fortunes of their owners. Wages are only a small fraction of the American figure, for Japanese working people do not aspire to comforts which everybody in America expects as a matter of course.
(Read Ransome's "Japan in Transition," Scidmore's "Jinrikisha Days in Japan," etc.)
From Notes of Travel, No. 9, copyright, 1904, by Underwood & Underwood.
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Looking from Tennoji Pagoda over Osaka, Japan.
Vue d'Osaka, de la Pagode de Tennoji, Japon.
Uusficht von der Cennoji Bagode über Ojafa, Japan.
Vista de Osaka desde la Pagoda de Tennoji, Japón.
Utsikt frän Tennoji-pagoden öfver Osaka, Japan.
Видъ cъ Teнoэcкoй лaroды чepeэъ Ocaкy, Янoнiя.

Transcription Notes:
French: àâæ éèêë ïî ôœ ùûüÿ ç German: äöüß Spanish: áéíñóúü Swedish: äåéö Russian uppercase: Я Ш Е Р Т Ы У И О П Ю Щ Э А С Д Ф Г Ч Й К Л Ь Ж З Х Ц В Б Н М Ъ Ё Russian lowercase: ъ я ш е р т ы у и о п ю щ э а с д ф г ч й к л ь ж з х ц в б н м ъ ё

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