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Useful Information.

MULTIPLICATION TABLE.
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 1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9  10  11  12
 2   4   6   8  10  12  14  16  18  20  22  24
 3   6   9  12  15  18  21  24  27  30  33  36
 4   8  12  16  20  24  28  32  36  40  44  48
 5  10  15  20  25  30  35  40  45  50  55  60
 6  12  18  24  30  36  42  48  54  60  66  72
 7  14  21  28  35  42  49  56  63  70  77  84
 8  16  24  32  40  48  56  64  72  80  88  96
 9  18  27  36  45  54  63  72  81  90  99 108
10  20  30  40  50  60  70  80  90 100 110 120
11  22  33  44  55  66  77  88  99 110 121 132
12  24  36  48  60  72  84  96 108 120 132 144

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[[first column]]
[[bold]] Table Showing Value of Foreign Money in Dollars, Cents and Mills. [[/bold]]

As Established by an act of Congress, March 3, 1873.

The Pound Sterling of England, Ireland and Scotland, = $4.86.65,
12d.=1s.; 20s = *£1. The Value of 1d. is 2cts.; of 1s. is .24 1/3.

The Franc of France, Belgium, and Switzerland, .19 .3cts. [[Note: dot before "19" is at the same height as the middle of "1"]]

The Reichsmark (Royal Mark) of the German Empire, .23 .8cts. [[Note: dot before "23" is at the same height as the top of "2"]

The Crown of Denmark, Sweden, and Norway, .26 .8cts.
The Lera of Italy, and the Pesata of Spain, .19.3cts.
The Florin of Austria, .41 3.
The Florin of Holland, .40 2.
The Piaster of Turkey, .04 4.
The Dollar of Mexico, .90 9.
The Rouble of Russia, .66 9.
The Milreis of Brazil, .54 5.
The Peso of Cuba, .92 5. 
The Dollar of Canada 1.00 0.
*Note - £, Stands for Pound Sterling; s, for Shillings; d, for Pence. 

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[[bold]] Avoirdupois Weight. [[/bold]]
16 drams (dr.) make 1 oz.
16 oz.          " 1 lb.
100 lbs.        " 1 cwt.
20 hundredwt's  " 1 ton.

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[[bold]] Troy Weight [[/bold]]
24 grains (gr.) make 1 dwt.
20 pennyweights  "    1 ounce.
12 ounces        "     l lb.
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[[second column]]
[[bold]] Apothecaries's Weight [[/bold]]
20 grains make 1 scruple.
 3 scruples "  1 dram.
 8 drams    "  1 ounce.
12 ounces   "  1 pound.

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[bold]] Long Measure. [[/bold]]
12 inches make 1 foot.
 3 feet     "  1 yard.
 6 feet     "  1 fathom.
5 1/2 yards "  1 pole or rod.
40 poles    "  1 furlong.
8 furlongs  "  1 mile.
69 1-6 mile "  1 degree.
320 rods    "  1 mile.

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[[bold]] Square Measure [[/bold]]
144 sq. in. make 1 sq. ft. 
  9 sq. ft.    " 1 sq. yd.
30 1/4 sq. yds." 1 sq. pole.
 40 sq. pole.  " 1 rood.
  4 roods      " 1 acre. 
640 acres      " 1 sq. mile.

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[[bold]] Solid or Cubic Measure [[/bold]]
1728 cu. in. make 1 cu. ft. 
  27 cu. ft.  "   1 cu. yd.
 128 cu. ft.  "   1 cd. wood.
24 3/4 cu. ft."   1 perch stone.

NOTE A cord of wood is a pile 8 ft. long, 4 ft. wide, and 4 ft. high; therefore 8x4x4=128.

A perch of stone or brick is 16 1/2 ft. long, 1 1/2 ft. wide, and 1 ft. high. 

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[[bold]] Dry Measure. [[/bold]]
 2 pints (pt.) make 1 quart.
 8 quarts(qt.)   " 1 peck.
 4 peck (pk.)    " 1 bushel.
36 bushels (bu.) " 1 chaldron.

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[[bold]] Liquid Measure. [[/bold]]

4 gills         make 1 pint.
2 pints           "  1 quart.
4 quarts          "  1 gallon.
31 1/2 gallons    "  1 barrel.
2 bbl. or 63 gal. "  1 hogshead [bhd.]

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[[bold]] Paper Measure. [[/bold]]
24 sheets (sh.) make 1 quire.
20 quires (qr.)    " 1 ream.
10 reams (r.)      " 1 bale.

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[[bold]] Miscellaneous Denominations. [[/bold]] 

12 units make 1 dozen.
12 doz.    "  1 gross.
12 gross   "  1 gr. gross.
20 units   "  1 score.
56 lbs.    "  1 firkin of butter.
100 lbs.   "  1 quintal of dried salt fish.

100 lbs. make 1 cask of raisins.
196  "     "  1 bbl. of flour.
200  "     "  1 bbl. of beef, pork or fish. 
280 lbs. make 1 bbl. of salt at the N.Y. State Salt Works.
A score is 20.
A hand is 4 inches. 
A fathom is 6 feet. 
A knot is 6086 feet. 
3 knots is 1 league.   
 

  
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